Intro to Language
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Olivia Tenery on Monday April 14, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 133 views.
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Date Created: 04/14/14
LING 101 41414 1124 PM Morphology The study of word forms or the internal structure of word forms What is a word Formmeaning Words may be complex containing more than one morpheme Words are psychologically real in a way that morphemes are not 0 What is real about words is not necessarily real about morphemes Minimal free standing unit Is the a word in English Phonologically the forms a unit with the following element ltthe treegt 0 People say it is not phonologically independent so it is not a word Grammatically not just about the following element but about the following phrase the tree vs the big tree vs the two big trees In modern linguistic theory it39s phonological vs grammatical words which don39t necessarily always coincide Eskimo is a polvsynthetic language One word consists of many meaningful parts Difficult to tell where one morpheme begins and one ends Long words Few words per sentence Karbi is an isolating language One word consists of fewer individually meaningful parts Short words More words per sentence Morpheme 0 Minimal sign Smallest form meaning unit that recurs with constant meaning You cant divide the word further and still have the original meaning cat Types of morphemes gt central meaning piece E morpheme that is not a root but is bound to a root 0 Su1 1 ilt occurs after root 0 Prefix occurs before the root Free morpheme can occur as the only morpheme in a word cat Bound morpheme cannot occur as the only morpheme in a word S In English roots are generally free morphemes cat eat sleep In Spanish roots are generally bound morphemes gat o com er dorm ir In German roots are generally free morphemes ess en schaf en Summarizing Free Morphemes bird cat hat bounce silly Bound Morphemes jumping mommy39s trucks asked Derivation a process whereby a word is transformed into another word with a related meaning Those bound morphemes that are used to accomplish such a transformation are called derivational morphemes Derivation may or may not change lexical category of a word True Truth adjnoun Truth fu noun adj 0 Truthfu y adj adv Un truthfuy adv adv 6 does not change Inflectional morphemes Those bound morphemes that creates variant forms of a word to conform to different roles in a sentence are called inflectional morphemes Inflectional morphemes do NOT change the lecical meaning or category of a word English inflectional morphemes only 8 Nouns o Plural s o Possessive s Verbs 3rd singular s past tense ed past participle ed imperfective ing 0000 Comparative er o Superlative est 0 Inflectional 9 required by grammar Derivational 9 expands lexicon
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