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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Hill on Sunday February 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 26387 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Kim Creasap in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Social Aspects of Sexuality in Sociology at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 02/22/15
Sexuality 21815 540 PM Intersexuality Sex Beyond Binaries Q 9 cm Just A GIRL Questions of the clay What is intersexuality How does it diverge from sex binaries Being born with both sex characteristics Usually at birth a baby is either a boy or a girl and these children are really neither 0 How does the medical community construct sex using cultural ideas about gender 0 Does the penis or clitoris look big enough to be a penis If so call it a boy If it s small enough to look like a clit call it a girl 0 What is the difference between intersexual ancl transsexual Intersexuality is a condition at birth biological Transexuality involves a transition from one sexuality or gender to another Intersexuality Variety of conditions in which a person is born with sex characteristics that don t fit the definitions of female or malequot Intersex Society of North America also estimated 17 out of 1000 live births are infants that are born with ambiguous sexual characteristics Types of Intersexuality 0 Genetic people born with extra or missing sex chromosomes XX female XY male 0 Turner s Syndrome X0 absence of an X chromosome Characteristics normal female genitalia externally but internally there is underdeveloped female anatomy no fertility breasts menstruation Constriction of aorta low hairline kidneythyroid problems diabetes 0 Klinefelter Syndrome XXY extra X chromosome Occurs in 1 in 500 births Small testes half typical size after puberty there is ejaculate but it contains no sperm inability to procreate feminized characteristics breasts wide hips narrow shoulders Most people with this disease grow up to live as men XX children can increase male secondary sex characteristics things that are there during and after puberty with testosterone treatment body hair muscle breast development 0 Hormonal process that affects prenatal development 0 Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome AIS Causes genetic males XY to be insensitive to testosterone Develop female external genitals but are genetically XY Often not discovered until late adolescence due to a lack of menstruation They possess nonfunctioning testes that don t descend and no ovaries or uterus True Intersex people with both male and female external genitalia Reading Discussion Questions Bringing Intersexy Back 1 Should parents continue to have the right to consent on behalf of their intersex children for extensive surgeries and hormonal treatments Without the child s knowledge Why or why not 2 What criteria do doctors use in sex assignment 0 External genitalia is a large part of the criteria Functionality is also important Doctors in certain cultures determine sex by the appropriate sizequot of the penis or clitoris Will this turn into a normal sized penis 3 In what ways do intersexuals challenge heteronormative understandings of sex gender and sexuality 0 It would be very hard to create a 3rd sex Heteronormativity is the foundation for a lot of things and intersexuality just does not fit in An intersex individual may consider themselves both sexes and that isn t normal 4 Should we continue to ask intersex persons to choose one of the designated sex options or should we create alternative categories What sort of issues might there be if we created a third or alternative sex designation in our society 0 We should not force them to choose it is all about individual preference It can lead to a lot of emotional stress on a person having to choose when they don t really identify with either Cultural Intelliqibility something understandable to us in our own cultural terms We think we can understand something about a person based on the categories they belong to InterseX Society Of North America Consensus Statement on Management of Intersexuality Patientcentered plans ongoing communication with patients and families Genital exams and medical photography should be limited Care should be focused on not only gender assignment and genital appearance but also the stigma surrounding intersexuality More cautious approach to surgeries no vaginoplasty in children smaller no vaginal dilation larger These surgeries should not be done prior to puberty Functional outcome of genital surgeries should be emphasized not just appearance No research that supports that early surgery relieves parental distress Get rid of misleading language Moving towards intersex language Moving towards DSD language moving away from sexual disorder language Recommendations Intersexuality is a problem of stigma and trauma not gender Parents distress must not be treated by surgery on the child Professional mental health care is essential for both parents and children Honest complete disclosure is good medicine All children should be assigned as boy or girl without early surgery despite what their bodies might look like This helps intersex children deal with their physical and gender identity development in a better way GenderX Passport Australia 2011 Intersex people can list their gender on passports and other official documents equot quot 77 L774 8 Note of doctors support is all that is needed Reassignment surgery is not required to obtain a US passport More on the reading Strategies people used to respond to their sexual struggles People avoided intimacy their doctors forced their gender and sex on them they sought out heterosexual encounters to reinforce their identity as male or female some embraced an identity of intersex and rejected medicalization of the body People who were accepting of intersexuality and embraced it were more confident with their sexuality 21815 540 PM 21815 540 PM
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