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Geog 103, Week 3

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Geog 103, Week 3 Geography 103

Notetaker Notetaker
University of Louisiana at Lafayette

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Questions and answers on Oceania
Introduction Human Geography
Dr. Cordoba
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker Notetaker on Thursday April 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geography 103 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Dr. Cordoba in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction Human Geography in Geography at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Date Created: 04/21/16
Oceania Physical Geography Where is Melanesia? (general location within the regThe Black Islands Western Pacific North East from australia Where is Micronesia? (general location within the reg“Small islands" At or north of equator Where is Polynesia ?(general location within the re"Many islands" Eastern pacific New Zealand and northern What are the two types of Pacific islands that we find in OcHigh Volcanic Islands and Low Coral Islands Describe the difference between the two types High Volcanic Islands -orographic precipitation Low Coral Islands -very low lying, susceptible to storms, tidal waves, climate changes What are hot spotsA location where the earths surface has experienced active volcanism for a long time What is an atollOnce volcanoes, it erupts and subsides How do atolls form? (know the phases in order) Volcanic island Fringing reef Barrier reef Low Lying Island The rich material which comes from the volcanic eruption is perfect for growth Over time island enveloped by reef What is the Great Barrier Reef? And where is it locWorlds largest coral reef system 1600 miles; Sitting off the east coast Know the name and location of Australia’s three main physiographic regEastern Highlands (Great dividing range SE) Interior Lowlands (ME) Western Plateau (Western Australia)  Match the physical feature with its region: Eastern Highlands = Great Dividing Range Interior Lowlands = The Great Artesian Basin & Outback Western Plateau = Ayers Rock (Uluru) What is an aquiferUnderground layer of water-bearing permeable rock from which groundwater can be extracted using water well What is the “Outback”?The remote and drier inland areas of Australia Name the two main islands that make up New Zealand?The North and south islands, separated by the Cook Strait Compare and contrast the two islands in terms of their elevation, climate, and economic  activityNorth island of New Zealand less mountainous but more volcanic activity Warmer climate, very productive for agriculture South Island of New Zealand Largest of islands, divided along length by southern alps Permanent snowfields and glaciers Southern portion of west coast penetrated by fjords East side of island used for agriculture Know the main types of Climate that we find in Australia and New ZeaMonsoon, Tropical savanna, Arid and semi arid, Humid subtropical, Marine coastal, Mediterranean, Highland What climate type dominates Australia? WhyArid and semi arid; Factors of wind currents Why do we only find different climates on the coastal areas of AusThere is more precipitation towards the coast because of monsoons What climate type dominates New Zealand? Why? Marine coastal; Factors of wind currents Why is the flora and fauna of Oceania very uniBecause of its isolation Define Marsupial and provide the name of the two most famous marsupials found in this region. Give birth to premature offspring Matures by nursing in the pouch (marsupium) of mother Koala and kangaroo   Define mammal, and how does a monotreme differ from a typical mammalGives birth within body. Monotremes gives birth via laying eggs but still nurtures with their milk  What is a platypus? Monotremes Define Exotics and provide an examplSpecies coming from elsewhere; Dingoes Define Feral and provide an examplDomesticated animals that end up in the wild; Feral camels What are dingoes?Similar to coyote, outcompeted and outhunted the marsupial predators Human Geography Explain the spatial distribution of Australia’s crops and climThe are concentrated along the coasts, because these areas receive rain; Western plateau receives very little rain Explain the spatial distribution of Australia’s mineral deposits and Indigeoverlapnds.  indigenous land areas  Import substitution: What is itDevelopment of domestic industries When did it take placTrade and economic policy started in 1920s Why did it occur? Substitute expensive imports with domestic products What were the goals of this policy? Create new jobs and diversify economy What role did the government play? Subsidies to manufacturing($$) What are Subsidies? High tariffs on imports What are Tariffs? Taxes on imports  Economic reorientation When did it take plac1970s-1980s Why did it occurReduce government intervention (liberalization/deregulation/privatization) What were the goals of this shAsian investment begins to flow What role did the government plaEnd of preferential trade with Britain in 1973 What is deregulationTransition to free trade What are exclusive economic zonesremove trade tariffs  Development of Tourism Where are the tourists coming from and why? International tourist destination because it’s beautiful Which part of Oceania is most dependent on tourism? Pacific islands What are some of the negative aspects related with the development of tourism? Negatives: vulnerable to economic recessions Erosions of local culture Uneven trickle down economic benefits  Ethnic make-up of the region Who are the AboriginesAborigine: original inhabitant of Australia Who are the Maoris?Maoris: indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand Where did the population of European descent come from? Indigenous and European populations What is the White Australian PoliRestricted immigration to people from Northern Europe Who did the law ban?British & Scandinavians Later Southern Europeans Who did they allow later oRefugees from Eastern Europe How was this policy different in New ZealanNew Zealand also included Irish Catholics  Migration What is the current policy for admitting immigraMigrants from pacific islands to: Australia and New Zealand, & Hawaii and California labor needs (remittances), lax migratory rules, climate changes What are the major migrations flows of the regiAustralia and NZ to: Europe and N America Young and retirees  What are the economic and environmental factors associated with these migrations? labor needs (remittances), lax migratory rules, climate changes  Demographic trends of Oceania  Where do the majority of the people live? Australia  How concentrated are these regions and where is the concentration taking place? The concentration is taking place in cities on the coast.  Coastal vs continental?  Compare the Urbanization rates among the region (i.e. Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific Islands) Australia-89% New Zealand-87% Pacific Island-12.5%  What’s happening with the population growth of the region? Australia and New Zealand <2 Pacific Islands 2.1 to 3.5  How do the growth rates vary internally?


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