Week 6 Language and Culture
Week 6 Language and Culture SOC101
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Foy on Monday February 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at Washington State University taught by Dr. McIntyre in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/23/15
Week 6 Wednesday February 182015 1208 PM Today Language and continuing with Culture 0 Language is part of nonmaterial culture 0 Particular kind of symbol system of symbols 0 Written spoken gestures to which we attach meaning Language Fundamentalto social life quotlimits of my language mean the limits of my worldquot LG 56 0 Language stapes what we can see and how we order out world 0 Two terms to know 0 A Priori from what is already know quotbuilt inquot deductive o A Posteriori based on experience inductive propositions derived from observations Inductivevs Deductive Deductive deduce something when you start with the most general rule or instance and work your way to a specific case 0 Lecture guide 50 Inductivethink ofspecific examples and make a general principle from them Ideas on Language mmanuelKant17241804 o What we see depends on mental categories that we have 39 Sociologists agree 0 These categories exist a priori born with them 39 Sociologists disagree socially constructed 0 Learning from experience 0 Categories of thoughts we have are a result of culture 0 Intimater tied to language 39 Circle you can know concept and draw but that s justa drawing of a circle 0 We don t iust see hear smell taste or touch things but we do it through v v J39quot39 vv v v v v v cultural filters that help us make sense of things 0 Colors have a reality in physical world 39 How many colors in the rainbow 6 7 WhorfSapir Hypothesis 0 Thinking and perception are not only expressed through language language but actually shaped by language 0 Ex Hopi culture do not have conceptions oftime or space so missionaries could not convey after death and heaven or hell Language allows Complex shared goalOdirected behavior 0 Shared perspectives and understandings culture 0 Human experience to be cumulative time Usto identify who people are and where they are positioned in society social status Reification Reify to regard somethingthat is a human creation as if were natural and inevitable We often reify culture 0 Truth or cultural truth 0 Do not kill 0 Red and blue are different colors 0 Sex is made up of two categories male or female What does culture do Func onal o Gives us rules to follow so we don t have to make heavy decisions every day ofour lives 0 Creates a sense of solidarity or weness among people who accept it Dysfunctional 0 Can lead to divisions ethnocentrism o Xenophobia fear ofoutsiders irrational 0 Previous sociological research value based view of other cultures 0 reification