Historical Theoriesof Motivation: Chapter8
Historical Theoriesof Motivation: Chapter8 PSY110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Rothfeld on Monday February 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY110 at University of Miami taught by Professor Gillis in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 108 views. For similar materials see Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 02/23/15
istorical Theories of Motivation Instinct Theory Evolutionary Theory Everything we do is motivated by an instinct If you take a bird it will build a robin s nest wherever you go it will look the same but distinct from another bird s nest Would that bird produce that exact nest if it never had seen that nest beforewasn t raised in that type of nest It s a one trial learning they see it when they are born then know how We assume animals do things by instinct Also maternal instinct a mother will do anything for its baby jump in front of a bus or save them somehow Wouldn t a maternal instinct be hardwired into our DNA Then why do some people on earth not have this instinct and do things such as kill their babies Instincts were abandoned because they explain nothing and are not useful 0 Freud Instincts we have two fundamental instincts o Eros this means all good things comes from erotic life force life instinct sex drive education art maternal instinct everything good stems from this 0 Thanatos all bad things death instinct if a person is addicted to cigarettes Freud may say ah your death instinct is taking over meaning you want to kill yourself he would say addictions are part of this death instinct war violence crime Drive Theories Drive Reduction Theory Biological need gtDrive State gtBehavior to Reduce Drive ex Need for Food gtHunger gtEat 0 evolution doesn t put a thought into your head it puts a feeling into you that may trigger a thought or behavior need for accomplishment or achievement some people want this more than others if you re not hungrynot being pushed why do we still eat a lot theres a pull of incentive that makes us what to eat good smelling food 0 if everything we did was motivated by a drive then a happy person should be someone who needs nothing wants nothing and is motivated to do nothing just floating like a vegetable because everything has been met this is a depressed person Arousal Theory Optimal Level Theory Parrarmang Law Medium High Arousal ferkesDddsn Law Low if you have low anxiety you won t study for your test because you think you ll do fine you won t be motivated to study Medium if you have medium anxiety you ll be motivated to study and do well High if you have high anxiety you ll be motivated to study but are too anxious and you have test anxiety Some arousal is a good thing don t want too little but don t want too much Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Physiologicalfooddrink warmth sleep air gtSafetysecurity stability protection from elements gtLove and Belongingrelationships family group work gtSelfesteemmastery prestige gtSelf Actualizationpersonal potential and growth More into SelfActualization unthreatenedunfrightened by unknown high tolerance for ambiguity hearty appetites enjoy themselves without regret shame apology enjoy sexual life not trying to be someone they aren t not trying to convince you of their status or a false age mission in life task outside of themselves unselfish concerned about mankind more concerned about larger group pleasure for nature children music have had several to many PEAK EXPERIENCES or MYSTICAL highest level reaching nirvana highly creative not bound by convention Humanistic Theory Maslow 1970 most of our motivations are learned socially we follow those we respect or look up to in terms of hobbies diet etc if you look up to your mom and shes a vegetarian she may be a vegetarian ex if your parents put an importance on making money you could want to be like them and strive to be rich or be complete opposite and turn to art and different ways if you are aggressive doesn39t mean you learned it from family could be from hormones too Social Learning What motivates us eating sleep drinking sex drugs etc things that could be problem issues and bad habits how do we motivate ourselves to stop doing these things how do we live better lives through motivation
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