Monday 2/23's notes
Monday 2/23's notes 26387
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Hill on Monday February 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 26387 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Kim Creasap in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Social Aspects of Sexuality in Sociology at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 02/23/15
Sexuality 223 22315 428 PM mgasm amp The Pursuit of Pleasure Things we will discuss today 0 How ideas about women s sexuality evolved over time throughout history and its relationship to research 0 What these ideas convey about the social construction of sexuality 0 Gender dynamics at play when discussing orgasm particularly faking orgasm 0 Historical and cultural aspects that influenced this How often do you experience orgasms survey from beginning of course Sometimes was common following regularly and never 0 Women report wider range of orgasmic expressions 0 There are many more misconceptions about women s bodies and orgasms than men Hysteria amp Orgasm Orgasm as treatment of hysteria Hysteria symptoms depression anxiety moving uterus insomnia nervousness unpredictable actions 0 Social researchers say that social beliefs about orgasm represent social beliefs about gender 0 Women s problem needed male doctors to control it Freud Clitoral orgasms 9 adolescent vaginal orgasms 9 mature A mature woman would shift from clitoral orgasms to mature vaginal orgasms with no clitoral stimulation 0 Many women felt inadequate when they couldn t achieve orgasm with vaginal penetration 0 He made the penis central to sex 0 Had medical and social effects 0 This remained the primary theory and popular belief still reflects this theory o This was never disproven Kinsey challenged this and found most women he worked with couldn t achieve vaginal orgasm Masters and Johnson also challenged this Masters and Johnson estimated they had studied over 10000 orgasms Witnessed the first vaginal orgasm with a plastic penis with a light and camera inside 0 Research had to be conducted in secrecy 0 Masters supported himself from his gynecological studies 0 Masters was very clinical and not personable Johnson was the friendly one and encouraged women to participate in this study 0 Most important finding Human Sexual Response Cycle 0 Developed a 4 stage model of response 0 Arousal Plateau Orgasm Resolution 0 Men under go a refractory period following orgasm not able to ejaculate again 0 No refractory period for women 0 First to observe multiple orgasms for women Orgasm Sexual T Tension Arousal Desire Resolution Time FIGURE 6 lll39l1lllllll l1plm llllMll39l ml k39 l lll Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm 1970 Freudian claim that vaginal orgasms were better created a host of problems for women 0 Countered previous thought on female orgasms Freud had feelings about women being inferior to men which based his theories on women s sexuality 0 Freud not so strangely discovered a tremendous problem of frigidity in women When women are taught to believe that sex is bad and that sexuality is a male domain it s no wonder that women experience sexual problems Beyond research about orgasms women s orgasms were personal and political Orgasm and politics women giving their power to men by faking orgasms to make men feel better about themselves and reaffirm that they are central to their sexual experience Men who are controlling ideas about women s sexuality is example of male domination How is a woman s orgasm political today 0 Women think men give them orgasms thinking only men can give women an orgasm is still being dependent on men idea that one orgasm is better than the other male orgasm is giving men power institutionalized by sex education research on sex education shows a knowledge gap between what boys and girls know about their bodies and orgasm double standards Contemporary Orgasm Research Clitoris is source of most consistent orgasms for women but many women believe that orgasms should be achieved through sexual intercourse without clitoral stimulation If a woman cannot achieve this they report feelings of guilt and pressure to perform Women don t know about this research communication is ineffective from health agencies to the public Anorgasmia Regular difficulty reaching orgasm after ample sexual stimulation causing personal distress The cause of anorgasmia is not known With erectile dysfunction there are clinical studies showing exactly what is going on Women s orgasms vary in intensity lack of experience women vary in the frequency of orgasms and how much foreplay is needed most women don t have consistent orgasms with penetration alone Women need to do things that are conducive to giving their bodies orgasm Antidepressant medications can lower ability to have orgasms could be a physiological issue could be a psychological issue Orgasm Inc Some research suggests that social not medical intervention is more appropriate for sexual dysfunction 40 of American women report female sexual dysfunction 40 million women Half of these cases 20 are due to lack of knowledge about how the body works not medical dysfunction There is no answer as to how female sexual dysfunction came to be 2012 public health study showed adequate knowledge gap in adolescents about sexuality Girls are targeted more in sex education in Norway women are ones who get pregnant so sex education should be targeted towards them In the US boys are targeted in sex education and boys have more knowledge than girls Faking Orgasms 2010 Journal of Sex Research both men and women fake orgasm 50 of women 25 of men Reasoning to make partner happy to strengthen eachothers egos to get it over with or wanting sex to end to avoid negative consequences not wanting to hurt partner s feelings Results suggested there was a sexual script women should orgasm before men and men are responsible for women s orgasm amp arose as an issue in couples where partners have difficulty communicating with eachother High level of desire to please one s partner Homework Fill out new survey on CourseWeb ONLY on Chrome or Mozilla We will talk about data from survey 22315 428 PM 22315 428 PM
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