DIET 200 Sodium
DIET 200 Sodium DIET 200
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Istre on Friday April 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to DIET 200 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Ashley Roberts in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 04/22/16
Caleb Johnson Jordan Johnson Kim Kennedy Bailee Kibodeaux Creshae Knight Reagan Lachaussee Joseph Latiolais Mary Lavergne Asha Lavigne Sodium Roles in the Body The primary regulator for the extracellular fluid composition/volume, acid base balance, nerve pulse transmission, and muscle contraction. Filtered from the body by the kidneys. Too much or too little of this crucial mineral can increase risk for heart disease. Recommendations The recommendations are set low to protect against high blood pressure This is because high sodium causes high blood pressure. Upper level for adults is around 2300 mg a day. In reality, the average adult intake is around 3400 mg. This is the most likely explanation as to why most adults develop hypertension. What’s so bad about Hypertension? Downsides of Hypertension include that it can cause clogs in arteries. When these arteries are ones leading to the brain this is highly dangerous and can cause a type of dementia called Vascular Dementia More information about this phenomenon can be found at bloodpressure.org High sodium is the primary factor involved in high blood pressure. Dietary Salt is the number one source of Sodium. Thus, an overly salty diet has a direct correlation to high blood pressure. Foods with the Most Sodium Breads and rolls Cold cuts and cured meats Pizza Soups Sandwiches Cheese Pasta and Meat Dishes Snacks How to cut Salt/Sodium Intake Select fresh/frozen vegetables, not canned Cook with little or no added salt Use sodium free herbs and spices Cook with lemon juice, vinegar, or wine Read labels for sodium Use low salt or salt free products when possible Sodium and Osteoporosis High salt intake is associated with increased calcium excretion. This leads to bone loss. When bone mass is lost and the overall integrity of the bone’s structure is compromised, this is called Osteoporosis. This is already an issue prominent among older people (esp. women), so adding further risk by a high sodium diet is very dangerous. Sodium Deficiency vs Toxicity Sodium deficiency is tied with dehydration as oppose to dietary inadequacy. This is because your body does not retain its fluid balance if electrolytes are in shortage. Symptoms include headache, confusion, stupor, seizures, and even coma. Acute symptoms for toxicity are the reverse. This occurs when there is too much fluid retention. Thus sodium toxicity can lead to edemas and high blood pressure. Prolonged toxicity will lead to certainly hypertension, which, of course, comes with its own downfalls and side effects.