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Class 1 Notes

by: Eliza Lavine

Class 1 Notes SMPA1050

Eliza Lavine
Media in a Free Society
Dr. Phalen

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About this Document

Definitions, Concepts and Stuff Like That
Media in a Free Society
Dr. Phalen
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Media in a Free Society

Popular in Public Relations

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eliza Lavine on Monday February 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SMPA1050 at George Washington University taught by Dr. Phalen in Winter2014. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Media in a Free Society in Public Relations at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 02/23/15
12214 De nitions Concepts and Stuff Like That 0 What are media 0 Distinguish by technology Print newspaper lm broadcast anything that uses air waves cable actual cable cord satellite uses high frequencies internet 0 Or by content news quotentertainmentquot primetime television broadcasting commercials 0 Media Industries Newspaper Magazine Film Television midlevel frequencies Radio Satellite Broadcasting 0 Media have different characteristics Different coverage areas 0 Local 0 Regional 0 National 0 Global available to all countries ie Internet Different audiences 0 Important Characteristics of Media in the US Forpro t businesses Regulated by the government FCC Federal Communications Commission Supported for the most part by advertising Andor paid for by subscribers Protected by Freedom of Speech 0 One important de nition 0 What is quotcommunicationquot Harold Lasswell s 1940 s de nition involves the following elements 0 Who Says what 0 In what channel 0 With what effect 1940 s WWII propaganda current events Hitler 0 And why DrPhalen 0 Two important concepts 0 Concept 1 Marketplace of ideas John Milton from the 1644 Areopagitica Ideas are traded like products in a market so the competitive model is marketing is a good metaphor to describe the importance of NOT censoring ideas 0 Who cares o Milton s thought is typical of the philosophy that created the rst amendment 0 Concept 2 Freedom of Speech 0 If people are free to speak ideas will circulate and the truth will prevail Does this marketplace of ideas metaphor really apply 0 Milton would say yes speech was the only way to share ideas in his time 0 But wait 0 Falsehood can gain a strong grip on people 0 Truth can be silenced by force o It can take a LONG time for truth to win 0 And besides 0 Speech is only effective when it s heard 0 Some speech can cause harm Lies slander and Libel Hate speech 0 WHICH IS NOT THE SAME AS DISAGREMENT Yelling re in a crowded theater State secrets Pornography What role do the media play 0 Normative what they SHOULD do Get unbiased info and entertainment to people facilitate the marketplace of ideas Hold government accountable Foster a politically active citizenry 0 Actual Get entertainment and info to people but have to work within limits like pro tability deadlines regulations external pressures etc Try to hold government accountable sometimes but they have to rely on government info Might foster a political active citizenry Might not 0 In 2014 0 Most of what we know comes through some sort of media 0 Ergo the possibilities and limitations of media affect the marketplace of ideas 0 Conclusions 0 We don t have a totally quotfreequot marketplace of ideas and we probably don t want one anyway 0 We have a regulated marketplace for media and a regulated marketplace of ideas To protect people from certain kinds of harm To even out the playing eld a little because access to the media outlets gives some people too much power


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