POLS 1020 Week 16 part II
POLS 1020 Week 16 part II Political science 1020
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunji Kim on Friday April 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political science 1020 at Clemson University taught by Aron G. Tannenbaum in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 04/22/16
POLS 1020 week 16 part II Westphalia and Two other global commons challenges The “Tragedy of the Commons” Petroleum politics: The indispensable resource o Sources of energy Human muscle Animal muscle Natural resources Non-renewable: coal/oil/natural gas Renewable: hydro/solar/wind Nuclear Some sell it, some buy it o Major exporting states Saudi Arabia Some Arab states Iran Russia Canada Mexico Venezuela Nigeria Angola o Import US EU China India Japan Enormous Price Fluctuations Petro-America: Long production decline followed by sharp resurgent American Petroleum consumption Thanks for fracking, use technology to get oil around instead of producing them Arab Oil Embargo 1973 – 1974 o Refused to export oil to US So just in case: Supply security from the strategic petroleum reserve OPEC The organization of Petroleum exporting countries o Cartel – group of suppliers who withhold supply in order to drive up price (illegal domestically but not internationally) o OPEC has a 30% share of global oil but is the market leader o Saudi Arabia is the leader of OPEC o They want fracking to disappear to keep the price up OPEC in Disarray Cannot Agree on Quotas to limit output so now historically low global oil prices o In oil-exporting states: Large budget deficits Cutback in public services Political destabilization? o Affecting: Russia/Saudi Arabia/Venezuela/ Others While Americans Enjoy low prices at the Pump… Large Vehicles are selling more Fracking is the key Running out of oil? Nobody knows how long it can last. Petroleum and Climate Change US is relatively well stated than other states. Americans are decreasing the amount of nuclear while other states increase Population politics: Thomas Malthus He’s afraid that population is growing faster than food (His basic theory) Malthusian (his last name) means Pessimism Population Growth – Pessimist Are we running out of food? There are enough of food provide a year for everything Production isn’t the problem, distribution of economic is the problem Population Growth – Optimist Demographic Transition High birth rates and high death rates Death rates declines, birth rate remains high for two generations Birth rate starts to decline, death rate remains low Both Birth and death rates even out but at much lower level than at start So global population will level out at around 9-10 billion by the middle of this century Westphalia and population No world government dictates the demographic transition The demographic transition is a function of modernization Some states have pursued harsh population controls, exp. China Birth rates of US is below the death rates while China and other states have surplus amount of population Populations Migration: From the Rest to the West Latin Americans migrating to North America Turks, Arabs and Africans migrating to Western Europe South Asiana (Pakistanis and Indians) migrating to Britain Immigration Backlash White Europeans don’t have enough young workers to work for economics but the state is refusing the immigrations because of their race, religions, and etc. Liberals on Population Growth Don’t mind it too much Optimist: human society can adapt All peoples are inherently good Take in refugees fleeing oppression and poverty Worried about it Strains Earth’s carrying capacity Migration exacerbates ethnic Realists Don’t mind too much: More population means more economic power Larger military forces Enhances national security But worried: Migration may weaken sense of national identity May destabilize state, regions Wither Our Future? SUMMING UP