Popular in Intro to Sociology
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Ober on Monday February 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1001 at George Washington University taught by Professor Ross in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/23/15
Ch 8 Strati cation and Social Mobility In the US Social lnequality condition in which members of society have different amounts of wealth prestige or power Strati cation structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society lncome salaries and wages Know the difference between Income and Wealth Wealth encompasses all of a person39s material assets ie real estate arise as intendedunintended consequences of social processes and relationships not always intentional Study of who gets what and why not just looking at distribution but also how those inequalities overlap interact and reinforce le gender races of CEOs System of Strati cation Ascribed vs achieved 4 General Statuses l 2 Slavery individuals owned by other people who are treated as property Castes hereditary ranks that are usually religiously dictated xed and immobile i le India ii Example of an ascribed status determining your achieved status Estates feudalism peasants worked land leased to them in exchange for military protection and other services Social Class i Class system social rakings based mainly on economic position in which achieved characteristics can in uence social mobility ii Class System Rankings 1 Upper Class 2 Upper Middle Class 3 Lower Middle Class 4 Working Class 5 Lower ClassUnderclass assets make all the difference between the lower middle working and lower classes Net worth stockssavingshousedebt Money makes more money Financial Wealth what you own house Social inequality increases when home ownership is taken into account NOTE consider white only neighborhoods Social Classes Shrinking middle class Disappearing opportunities for those with little education Global competition and advances in technology Growing dependence on temporary workforce Rise of new growth industries and nonunion workplaces Sociological Perspectives on Strati cation Marx stressed signi cance of class for society the most Owners v workers Class differentiation depends on who controls primary mode of production Capitalism production held largely in private hands and main incentive for economic activity accumulation of pro t machinery xed cost workers can be exploited Bourgeoisie capitalist class owns means of production Proletariat working class Class Consciousness subjective awareness of common vested interests and the need for collective political actions to bring about change Needed to develop among the proletariat in order to have a change at revot False Consciousness attitude held by members of class that does not accurately re ect their objective position le quotmy boss exploits me overworks mequot too focused on land me and not enough on us and we Needed to be overcome in order to successfully revot Weber on Satisfaction No single characteristic totally de nes a person39s position within the strati cation system Class group of people with similar levels of wealth and income Status people who have same prestige and lifestyle Doctor vs Thief same potential income different reputation Power ability to exercise one39s will over others Head of the military vs head of a hospital Both have power but the extent of their power differs ls Strati cation Universal No it is generally different among cultures and societies Functionalist Perspective We need to ll different roles in society in order to function need hotel managers kitchen staff and maid service as societal roles are lled there is an increase in stability because it is based on personal skills this should be more natural Does not explain the wide disparity between rich and poorgtlltgtlltgtllt Con ict Perspective Prone to con ict over scarce resources such as wealth status and power Common in capitalist societies Major source of tension because it isn39t natural Leads to instability and social change Dominant Ideology Life Changes Weber class closely being related to people39s life chances Life changes opportunities to provide material goods positive living conditions and favorable life experiences Wealth status additional ways of coping with problems and disappointments Social Mobility movement of individuals or groups from one position to another within society39s strati cation 2ldealTypes 1 Open system position of each individual in uenced by achieved status 2 Closed system ie caste system little or no possibility to move up Types of Social Mobility Horizontal mobility being able to move within the same class or level of prestige but being able to assume a new role Vertical mobility being able to achieve new ranks moving up the class system lntergenerational mobility being able to achieve more than your parents lntragenerational mobility your social position changes over the course of your adult life Discussion Questions Nickled and Dimed What does this piece tell us about low wage workforce Hard to get jobs with wages that will cover the cost of living Focus on paying rent Fear of being laid off job security Threatened with random drug tests which is belittling and demeaning More ads than there are opportunity no call backs the employers way of instilling fear Theirjob position is temporary employers remind them of how easily they can be replaced Increased conformity and discipline What forms of discrimination and strati cation are present Gender roles inequality pay vs opportunity Based on appearance Race housekeeping positions available to nonwhites only server positions for whites only What are some of the quotspecial costsquot that low income workers face No fridge no stove results in having to purchase individual serving sizes which are most costly Poor pays more Health costs increase because they are eating fast food Paying rent per night is more costly No housing security Can39t afford a down payment and cannot get a year lease Need good employment history and good credit history After reading this piece what do you think will empower poor people More job options Higher wages in order to support them More bene ts that come with certain jobs Increase job security to low wage workforce Minimum wage vs living wage Living wage wage needed to cover the cost of living
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