HIST150 The Holocaust
HIST150 The Holocaust History 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Foster on Friday April 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 04/22/16
HIST 150 The Holocaust Anti-Semitism in Germany • Hitler’s Plan enfolded in stages over WW2 • Invasion of the Soviet Union o Einsatzgruppen (SS Death Squads) followed the German army into the Soviet Union o Round up Jewish families in the Soviet Union and killed them o Families were to take off outer clothing, give items to the SS and get executed near a hole Heinrich Himmler • “Too slow, not efficient, too stressful to the SS men to kill these people ” • Hitler stood at the edge and was hit with pieces of brain. He would have fell in the pit had not an SS man been near him • Less “stressful” way to kill o Final solution of the Jewish problem Final Solution: The Plan • Unveiled ****January 20, 1942—the Wannsee Conference • Took place in a previous Jewish family home in a city in Berlin • Reinhard Heydrich chair ed this meeting of 15 men • Adolf Eichmann was the Secretary • Each department was important for this plan • 3 points to his plan 1. “Comb Europe from East to West for J ews” 2. Deported to the East (Poland) 3. The fate of the deportees a. Worked to death b. Dealt with “appropriately” Eichmann on trial • Eichmann went on trial for war crimes and gave information on genocide meeting • Talked about genocide • Butler served brandy • Not one man objected to this plan • Heydrich was worried about what people would thin k, but people were happy to do their part • Rested after the meeting After Wannsee • Heydrich and Eichmann took charge • 6 death camps were constructed in Poland—Auschwitz was the major one • Architectures constructed camps and chambers The “industrialization of death” • Use of technology/developments in industry for mass murder • Used railroads to transport Jewish people • People go one way, then things will be shipped back to Germany • Gas o Used to kill more quickly o Scientist tested to see which would be efficient o 2000 people less than 30 minutes with zyklon B • Processing people with assembly line of death • Materials (hair, clothes, gold) were shipped back to G erman war economy o 2000 freight loads were sent back Resistance to deportation • In the fall of 1943, Danish people stepped in, took people in their homes • Faired them over to Sweden • Saved 72,000/77,000 from deportation ***** • The Netherlands o Johannes Bogaard and family save more than 300 Jewish people, many of them children • Those who step in are the exception to the rule • 5-6 million people will be killed (2/3 of the Jewish populat ion)
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