Week 15 notes
Week 15 notes 2420-001
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Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Trokel on Friday April 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2420-001 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by S. Nelson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Nutrition and Health Performance in Psychlogy at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 04/22/16
Week 15 Epigenetics ● Epigenome ○ Proteins and other molecules that regulate expression of genes ■ Turning genes “on” and “off” ○ Inherited or altered ○ Regulation ■ Histones how these are affected are shown or not shown throughout the body ■ Methyl groups BIOACTIVE FOOD COMPONENTS important in turning on or off genes decreases or increases gene synthesis Future generation effects ○ Embryonic development ● Modifying your epigenome ● Health implications ○ Bioactive constituents in whole foods ● Astronaut Scott Kelly/ Mark Kelly The Dutch Hunger Winter ● Germans cut off food supplies to the netherlands in WW2 ● Calories reduced to 5001000 calories per person ● Women who were pregnant during the time (311) ● Altered genetics of all abbies ● More prone to obesity and heart disease than siblings before or after famine ● IGF2 gene Video ● Epigenetics in addition to genetics ● When DNA become attached to each other the genes are turned off ● What happens when genes are switched off? ● Food, stress , the sun contributes to which genes are on and which are off ● Mother breast cancer, than high cholesterol has a sister with no complaints ● People who were born with low birth weight have higher chance of complications ● Happens earlier on but biological indicators effects it later one ● Animal study same genes soy products changes color of fur ● Japan the japanese paradox lower incidence of cancer green tea suppresses cancer statistics chemical in green tea leaf becomes inactive with age green tea removes the methyl groups ● No part of us is older than 7 years ● knowing the DNA is not enough FMT & Human Gut Biota ● Microbiota ○ 100 trillion ○ Vagus Nerve ○ Epithelium ● FMT Facts ○ FECAL MICROBIOTA TRANSPLANTS ○ Bacterial Transfer ○ China ‘Yellow Soup’ 4th C. ○ Low cost low risk ○ Probiotic ○ No side effects ○ 90% success ○ FDA ● Microbiota ○ Behavioral traits ○ Individualized ○ Drugs and toxins ○ B2, B6, B12, K, and folic acid ○ 60% fecal material ○ 13 lbs ○ Dysbiosis
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