PSYC 1000 - Week 14 Notes
PSYC 1000 - Week 14 Notes Psyc 1000-04
Popular in Introductory Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by HaleyG on Friday April 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 1000-04 at Tulane University taught by Bethany Rollins in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
Reviews for PSYC 1000 - Week 14 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/22/16
PSYC 1000 Week 14 Notes April 1822 Drugs for psychological disorders Mood Stabilizers For bipolar disorder Lithium: salt, influences neurotransmitters; decreases frequency of manic and depressive phases of bipolar disorder (slightly more helpful for mania) Anticonvulsants (mania) plus antidepressants (depressive) Anxiolytics Tranquilizers, antianxiety drugs Produce drowsiness, relaxation Benzodiazepines Xanax, Valium, Librium GABA agonists Addictive Antidepressants also have an anxiolytic effect CHAPTER 13 Social Psychology: how we think about, influence, and relate to one another How situations and social factors influence our behavior and thinking Social thinking Making attributions: influences about the causes of behavior Disposition/internal attributions Behavior is caused by personality Situational/external attributions Behavior is caused by circumstances Fundamental attribution error: overestimating dispositional factors and underestimating situational factors when judging the behavior of others We're more aware of situational influences on our own behavior Found in every culture More prevalent in western/westernized cultures More likely to commit FAE when we judge negative behavior Attitudes: feelings that predispose our reactions Affect actions; actions also affect attitudes We seek consistency between what we think and what we do Cognitive dissonance: psychological tension that occurs when behavior and attitudes don't match We're motivated to reduce cognitive dissonance by changing attitudes to match actions Festinger and Carlsmith: people paid $1 were more likely to lie than people paid $20; $20 people experienced less tension because they could justify the lie; however, $1 people couldn't justify it, so they convinced themselves they actually did find the task interesting; more likely to change their attitude to match their behavior Suggests that working hard to obtain a goal makes the goal more valuable Role Absorption: we tend to adopt the attitudes that fit roles that we are given Stanford Prison Experiment (Zimbardo Prison Study) High influence of situations on behavior Social Influence Conformity: changing beliefs/behaviors to match group due to unspoken group pressure Asch Conformity Experiments: subject chose line of obviously wrong length because of peer pressure Conformity increases with unanimous majority, size of majority, ambiguity of situation, difficulty of task, feelings of insecurity Compliance: agreeing to a request from someone who is not in a position of authority Direct appeals/asking Indirect methods Footinthedoor technique: tendency for people who agree to a small request to be more likely to agree to a larger related request Doorinthefacetechnique: tendency for people who have been asked a large unreasonable request to be more likely to agree to a smaller request Obedience: agreeing to a demand from an authority figure Milgram's obedience studies: 2/3 people gave increasingly intense shocks to a stranger Ethics: debriefing, psychologist followups Obedience today is similar to in Milgram's time We obey because of authority, lack of responsibility, and the power of the situation Deindividuation: behaving in uncharacteristic ways when they feel anonymous or less accountable Groupthink: when a group is unable to make a wise decision because they are unable to realistically compare options due to group dynamics Occurs when there is a focus on group harmony/consensus More likely to occur when groups are isolated, with a strong leader, and there is suppression of dissenting views Avoiding groupthink: designate a devil's advocate, allow anonymous expression of opinions, getting opinions from outsiders Social Relations Stereotypes: beliefs about a group; false assumptions that all members in a group have the same characteristics Prejudice: unjustified evaluation of people based on group membership Influences how we interpret others' behaviors More about emotion than stereotypes Serves as a legitimizing ideology; justifies and maintains inequalities by suggesting some groups are less capable/worthy than others Roots of prejudice Tendency to categorize people for simplicity Illusory/imaginary correlations: behavior of one person associated with a whole group Confirmation bias: we notice and remember examples that confirm our beliefs Ingroup favoritism: tendency to evaluate members of our own group more favorably (even when groups are random) Learned cultural stereotypes Scapegoating: tendency to blame others when things go wrong Social inequalities: privileged people will develop attitudes that justify their own status Justword phenomenon: belief that people get what they deserve; associated with blaming the victim Hindsight bias: tendency for outcomes to seem obvious after they have occurred; associated with blaming the victim Privileged fail to notice their privilege Discrimination: treating people differently because of prejudice Overt attitudes: attitudes we are conscious of having/expressing Implicit attitudes: have an unconscious influence on us Overt and implicit attitudes don't always match Most Americans think they are not prejudiced Implicit Association Test (IAT): reveals how closely connected particular concepts are in our minds by how quickly we can associate words/pictures Unconscious, automatic influence; subjects are more likely to accidentally shoot a black man appearing with a tool compared to a white man Helping behavior The Bystander Effect: tendency for the presence of other people to inhibit helping Kitty Genovese: murdered and no one helped/called 911 Diffusion of responsibility Factors that influence helping If need for help is clear; if people know each other; if person seems similar to us; feelgood dogood phenomenon: if we are in a good mood; if we are not in a hurry; population density; costs and benefits Interpersonal attraction Situational and personal factors Environment Physical proximity: we are more likely to be attracted to someone if we see him or her regularly Mereexposure effect: familiarity breeds liking Similarity in attitudes, beliefs, interests, opinions, habits, SES, background, religion, race, education, intelligence Physical attractiveness Analyzing love Passionate love: intense, sexual, emotional, but temporary Companionate love: deep, intimate, steady attachment Changes over time from passionate to companionate
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'