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BL ST 4 Week 4 Notes - Battle


BL ST 4 Week 4 Notes - Battle Black Studies 4

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All Black Studies 4 notes from lecture and section with Professor Battle
Critical Introduction to Race and Racism
Class Notes
BLST 4, Black Studies, Battle, UCSB
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by on Friday April 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Black Studies 4 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Battle in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Critical Introduction to Race and Racism in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of California Santa Barbara.

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Date Created: 04/22/16
Monday, April 18, 2016 Week 4 Lecture 7 - April 18, 2016 - REMINDER: Midterm is next Wednesday - Definitions of Race and Racism • How are these terms intertwined? - Race is based on what we can see - racial classification, categorization, social escalations of difference. Based on the visible, the phenotype - Racism is based on assumptions of what people think exists inside the bodies of a particular racialized group • Behavior, biology, illness risk • Ancestry - Men can trace their maternal and paternal ancestry from their DNA, women can only trace their maternal ancestry • For women to trace their paternal ancestry, their father/brother/uncle must use their DNA - Martin Luther King - ancestry traced back to Europe and Africa - Discussion of this week’s articles • “The number of African Americans incarcerated today is the same as the number of African Americans enslaved in 1863” - What purpose does this fulfill? What makes this productive in American society? • Heroin epidemic - most prevalent drug causing addition and deaths today, most prevalent in white suburbs in America today - Compassion and rehabilitation is what is recommended as the solution… what happens when drugs cross the tracks? When drugs become a hit among the mainstream (white) community in America? The mindset is changed for the white mass. 1 Monday, April 18, 2016 • Rather than remove 1.5 million mainstream Americans, a compassionate and supportive approach is taken. Punishment is the approach towards crack- explains the 1.5 million missing black men - 1 out of every 3 African American males in Los Angeles has some sort of history with law enforcement • What does incarceration do to the family mindset? How does it tear apart values and stable upbringing? (References second article) - The Black family in the age of incarceration: • Matriarchal Society - headed by women; idea of a society in which women have an inter-generational right to resources and political decision making. False idea - this does not exist… - The proper term is Matrifocal or Matricentric • Exhibit family structures formed by racialized male exclusion from the larger socio-economic field - It’s true here, in Brazil, in Trinidad, most places in the Western Hemisphere… remember, this is not just an American issue • Incarceration reinforced racial social structures, subjects Blacks to DNA swabbing (could serve to equate Blackness with deviance) - This idea of the dysfunctional black family in need of some sort of rehabilitation is perpetuated by TV - shows like Judge Judy, Maury, etc. • Ethics and the Internal Review Board - Began after World War II; process of evaluating and determining the ethical basis of projects/experiments Section - April 19, 2016 - Review of readings and lectures: • 1 in 3 black men face incarceration during their lifetime • Following emancipation, it was made law for Blacks to have a home - they could not be homeless or would go to jail (newly freed slaves obviously did not have homes or jobs) - “Vagrancy” 2 Monday, April 18, 2016 - Jim Crow laws came out of this • Legal, political laws but also social and moral laws - Purpose: to keep “social order” (separate whites and blacks, “protect” whites) - Moral codes - still going on today • Social order is still present today • We have higher incarceration rates than Russia - US represents 5% of the world’s total population - BUT 25% of the world’s prison population is from the United States • Blacks and Hispanics - overrepresented in prison, underrepresented in college (85% of blacks and hispanics make up prison community) • Historically, the US has used Christianity as a way of labeling/civilizing “uncivilized” races • Emmett Till - Lynching - still prevalent today • Mother had an open-casket, parallels what Ida B. Wells did during anti- lynching movements - Themes: • “War on Poverty” - Moynihan Report • Employment - Socialization - Education - PTSD • War on Drugs - Disproportionately targets Lecture 8 - April 20, 2016 - General focus on Mass Incarceration 3 Monday, April 18, 2016 • Article: “In Heroin Crisis, White Families Seek Gentler War on Drugs” • SNL skit: Making light of heroin epidemic - Major pushback • People claiming there is real suffering which has been treated with disrespect, lack of passion… BUT - There have been skits of black people & crack cocaine for years and there has been no pushback. Some bodies are literally seen as more valuable than others. - Represents a movement towards making the invisible, visible - Shows a happy, two-parent family living in a desirable neighborhood • Racial spacialization that is characteristic of this society, brought about by the real estate industry, banks, keeping certain minorities out of certain neighborhoods - The same percentages of all racial groups use the same amount drugs • Clip: Kendrick Lamar performance - Lyrical and historical performance that encapsulates the story of blacks in society, especially the mass incarcerated • Brings in elements of jazz, blues, African music, R&B, hip-hop (rap), bringing together a mosaic historical experience focusing on the effects of collective psyches • Article: “Jamaica, Haiti, Nigeria Top Birthplaces for Black Immigrants in 2013” - Population and percent of US foreign-born blacks by birth region and birth countries that contributed at least 100,000 black immigrants • Matthew Ajibade - death in police custody - How did Matthew Ajibade die? Tasered to death by police • Was in need of medical attention - bipolar disorder. Instead of being taken to the hospital, he was taken to the county jail - Health disparities: how the second generation of immigrants tend to do worse in health than first generation 4 Monday, April 18, 2016 • Mental illness is increasingly becoming criminalized in this country - Matthew was tasered in the testicles and all over his body 5


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