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Week 10 notes

by: Kirsten Swikert

Week 10 notes Sociology 100

Kirsten Swikert
GPA 3.2

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class notes from 4-18, 4-20, 4-22
Introductory Sociology
Dr. James Kanan
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Friday April 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. James Kanan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.


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Date Created: 04/22/16
Cohabitation • Rates have increased, especially since recession o Majority of 20 something’s will cohabit at least once o Majority of all marriages will be preceded by cohabitation • Why have rates gone up? Why do so many people do it now? o 2/3 of young adults surveyed believe that cohabitation is a good way to avoid divorce, although standards are different o Gender differences in motivation: men and women view cohabitation differently o Most occur through processes of “sliding, not declining”- cheap, convenient, quick decision § The getting in is easy, exiting is much harder- “consumer lock in” Perspectives on Marriage and Family • Functionalism: the reason for families and marriage in society o Reproduction: viewed as the “good life” o Socialization of children o Economic security/protection o Sexual regulation and the norm of “illegitimacy” • Conflict theory o Family transmits inequality across generations o Gendered roles reinforced within families • Symbolic interactionism o Investigate meaning of roles, changing relationships, etc. Divorce • What is the US divorce rate? o Marriage: 6.8/1000 people Divorce: 3.6/1000 people o The divorce rate is not 50% because those statistics were taken in the same year and they don’t take into account second and third marriages § 6/10 men are still married after 40 years; 5/10 women are married after 40 years (many women are widowed by this time) o Rate has been slowly decreasing for 20 years, but still high • Factors related to mid 1900s increases in US rates o Greater tolerance o Ease: no fault divorce (don’t want to be married anymore) vs covenant marriage (explain to state the reason for not wanting to be married) o Increased social and economic independence of women Religion • Durkheim’s definition: the belief that some things are sacred, practices or rituals based what is believed to be sacred, a moral (unified) community based on a group’s beliefs and practices • Challenge of mixing science and religion: focus on social aspects that can be measured and observed o What does is mean to be religious? Affiliation and/or belief o What are principle values and beliefs and how do these affect social relation? Religion and cultural lag • Why does religion exist? o Religion is a cultural universal o Functionalism: § Provides meaning § Provides social unity and belonging § Socialization and social control § Social change o Conflict theory § Religion has been an important basis for conflict, oppression, and war § Religion reflects and propagates inequality § Religion is used to legitimate the status quo, especially by the ruling class • World religious landscape o 33% Christian o 21% Islam o 16% non-religious o 14% Hindu o 6% Buddhism o 10% other • US religions o Protestant 49% o Catholic 22% o Other 9% o Non-religious 20% • Trends: declining affiliation o Decline in mainline, traditional religious affiliation § First time protestants below 50% in history of surveys § 33% of those aged 18-22 are unaffiliated, compared to 10% of their parents and 5% of their grandparents § 68% of unaffiliated adults believe in God, 37% are spiritual but not religion, and 21% pray daily o US is still a very religious country, by comparison • Demographics of religion in the US o Social class and education have important correlations with religion o Gender § Women are more religious than men § Female subordination to males is found in the religious texts of all the world’s major religions


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