Intro To Sociology
Intro To Sociology
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SOC 1 Intro To Sociology Winter Quarter 2013 926 Sociology scientific study of the web of social interactions we ambiguously call society It is difficult to always see the double meaning to everything not a natural instinct picture of old faces and instruments Humans are always on survival mode too caught up in our daily grind to understand and unravel in depth material Human behavior Systematic amp Empirical Key Things are not always what they seem Sociology Imagination Personal Troubles amp Public Issues The Sociological Imagination C Wright Mills wrote Connect our personal experiences to society at large and greater historical figures make the familiar strange or question habits and customs that seem natural to us Enable us to distinguish between personal troubles and public issues The skill to connect distant and abstract historical forces to your everyday experience 1001 The Sociological Imagination A method by which we study the interaction between individual lives and society The Sociological Imagination enables people to distinguish between personal troubles and public issues False Consciousness The mystification of reality that leads people to act against their own interests ie blaming others for your personal troubles The sociological imagination enables us to take into account how individuals in the welter of their daily experience often become falsely conscious of their social positions C WRIGHT MILLS Social Institutions 0 Networks of structures in society that work to socialize the groups of people within them 0 labor market education system military family Social Structure o Establishments created by enduring patterns of collective behavior in society These structures limit or in uence the opportunities that individuals have Structure and Agency dialect two systems Our interactions with each other are very important One of the key branches of sociology Con ict Theory Karl Marx Statements about how the world works Base theory on empirical studies Karl Marx part of one of the three main branches of sociology o He prophesized that humanity would someday create a paradise on Earth o Grew up in the industrial part of life observed kids being overworked in factories etc Humanity is the major obstacle stopping it Capitalism not nature created by humans Con ict between the rich and the poor oppressed and the oppressive superior and inferior Major Intellectual Contributions Developed He was concerned with alienation Historical Materialism History is created by economic relations relations of production Alienation When humans work to create value for others they become disconnected from the core of their humanity Humanity at its core is a laboring enterprise Little kids busy laboring Giving labor to someone else alienates you from yourself Con ict The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles All our inventions have endowed material forces with intellectual life and degraded human life into a material force The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas ie the class which is the ruling material force of society is at the same time its ruling intellectual force Working Class Hero by ohn Lennon Green Day All of us will someday live in communion sharing our talents and our resources Lower class resources family and school as instrument criminalization internalization alienation false consciousness Workers of the world unite you have nothing to lose but those chains How do you know you know what you know The how of knowing may be more important than the what 103 DocumentaryVideo quot56 UP 108 56 UP Q amp A Michael Apted Historical Materialism as developed by Karl Marx argues that economic conditions determines history Nacirema helps us see a culture that helps make the familiar strange NaciremaAmerican attitudes about the body have a pervasive in uence on many institutions in Nacirema society Much of people39s time is devoted to economic pursuits The fundamental belief underlying the whole system appears to be that the human body is ugly Know for midterm How do you know you know what you knowgt how is more important than the what Epistemology A re ection on how knowledge is acquired How do you know you know what you know Concepts Marx Historical Materialism economic materialresources relations determine history Con ict Theory the history of society is based on the con icts between the classes ie rich and poor Con ict Theory Marx con ict between the classes Marx created this theory Working class hero The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas ie the class which is the ruling material force of society is at the same time its ruling intellectual force If you rule the economy then you rule what happens in the society Focuses on structure Interpretive Sociology Weber Rationalization Sociology of us finding very small action interaction Microsociology Functionalism Durkheim Where does Punished fit in to these concepts Three central branches of Sociology Con ict Theory The struggle between the classes working class hero Interpretive Sociology Weber Agency cultural forces Focuses on how daily interactions create a system Focuses on micro scale social interaction Known as micro sociology Interpretive Sociology is informed by the ideas of Max Weber We act towards ideas concepts and symbols based on the meanings we give them Middle finger Weber believed we should examine the meanings we put on things What he calls verstehen Max Weber Wrote The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit of Capitalism where he showed how the culture of Calvinism helped to in uence the expansion of capitalism You work hard and you gain more money and income and employees it shows that you worked hard Culture of being raised with you just have to work hard Focuses on agency Our actions and interactions are carried out in a system that Weber calls Rationalization Breaching Experiment Authority We need obedience to authority for rationalization to work Rationalization In modern society affection emotion and tradition are replaced by efficiency predictability calculability and control The process by which actions and interactions become ruled by efficiency predictability calculability and control Individuals are socialized to follow efficiency predictability calculability and control RATIONALIZATION SOCIAL INSTITUION AUTHORITY SOCIALIZATION OBEDIENCE examples of rationalization education holidays fast food industry 1010 Karl Marx history is often determined by the tension or antagonism resulting from competing interests between people of different classes Historical materialism Con ict theory Punished Authority Milgram Society gets too wrapped up in a rationalized world obeying authority that many people don39t say stop when they want to Max Weber stated that Power is the ability to carry out one s will despite resistance Domination is the probability that a command will be pn CRIME as an example Con ict Theory Marx Crime occurs because of the unequal distribution of resources in our society ie an inner city drug dealer Interpretive Sociology Weber Perspective of the person committing crime How the criminal constructs her understanding of the act she committed how she justified it 1015 What is False Consciousness The inability to connect personal troubles with public issues Tied to the Sociological Imagination 0 ex Student did not get into UCLA thought it was because of racial quotas but the UC system got rid of all quotas Socialization is the process by which people are taught social rules and social norms Max Weber focuses on Agency Interpretive Sociology Weber The meaning we put on symbols and other cultural artifacts Such as language Authority component of rationalization we need obedience to authority Rationalization culture we live under where everything has to be efficient predictable In modern society obedience is a central mechanism for organizing our social world Americans are locked into a structure and they do not have the skills or inner resources to disengage themselves Rationalization In modern society affection emotion and tradition is replaced by efficiency predictability etc System Rationalization Social Institution Authority P T Socialization Obedience Women Selling Cars Article What branch of sociology Gender as a symbol Impression management Roles Con ict between roles Studying Interaction Typologies generalize one specific group Categories for each type of role innocents ladies tough guys etc Concepts The Social Construction of Reality Socialization Functionalism Social Solidarity Methods Qualititative Quanititve Correletion Socialization Socialization teaches us conformity and obedience The process by which we learn norms ideas and behaviors that make us feel part of society Socialization is required in order to participate in our society Socialization creates society The Social Construction of Reality The collective reality developed by people agreeing to behave in certain ways and follow certain rules People shape reality through social interactions The construction of reality changes depending on the history of society Social Construction People give meaning or value to ideas or objects through social interactions It39s an ongoing process that is embedded in our everyday interactions Because our reality is socially constructed an unexpected change in that reality can be upsetting frustrating or just plain incomprehensible We all have a stake in maintaining consensus on shared meaning so that our society can continue to function smoothly If things appear to be real they are real in their consequences Peter Berger Race is not real but it39s real in its consequences Functionalism Third major branch of sociology Concerned with the organization of individual actions into systems of action Crucial metaphor Society IS a living system a biological organism or living system Emphasis always on stability and order Despite appearances the social world is organized in a logical rational way Asks What keeps our society together Functionalist Theory and Crime But so that the originality of the idealist who dreams of transcending his era may display itself that of the criminal which falls short of the age must also be possible One does not go without the other Durkheim Crime creates solidarity among law abiding citizens Negative response to crime sends a message to everyday citizens communicative if everyone from has got accepted into UCSB one particular person wouldn39t feel special if everyone has the privilege it39s no ones privilege some of our classmates are undeserving not as smart irresponsible etc We are the idealists we are the 5 of our class who got accepted But without the undeserving class we would not exist feel privileged 1017 Review The social Construction of Reality Socialization Functionalism Social Solidarity o The process in society that connects people to one another Morals values norms rules rituals roles Constantly enforced Example Crime Affirm cultural values and norms Responses clarify moral boundaries Crime creates norms people OOOOOO Gans and Functionalism The poor function to Do society39s dirty work Support the criminal justice enterprise The branches of sociology The role of schools Con ict theory Reproduce the classes Interpretive sociology Examine how they teach social norms meanings obedience culture rationalization Functionalism 0 Teach us to be productive citizens needed for society to progress SAMPLE MIDTERM QUESTION Describe how functionalism con ict theory and interpretive sociology would explain crime committed by a poor adolescent girl Methods paradox if we successfully answer one question it only spawns others 1022 Social Solidarity is the coming together of groups or classes based on common goals rules morals values etc It is the sum of all the ties in society that bind people together Rules are enforced Rules norms for example family trust certainty knowing that people will be there to pick me up Weber Durkheim But so that the originality of the idealist who dreams of transcending his era may display itself that of the criminal which falls short of the age must also be possible One does not go without the other Durkheim Malice Human Nature or Human Nurture Rousseau and Hobbes Hobbes 16th century philosopher Our nature is beast like Civilization tames us Society39s rules keep us from malice In uenced UC founding fathers We need government to keep us alive a good democratic government We need government to control the population but a decent one Rousseau 18th century philosopher Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains We are good by nature and civilization turns us into beasts Society39s rules may limit our freedom and teach us malice In uenced French Revolution To become an intellectual in uence the world around you and the material and beliefs around you If we hold on to one perspective can it in uence our mental study and how we form knowledge Nature of Men What is humanity like without restraint of law or morality HOBBES Aggressive selfish ROUSSEAU Rational sociable cooperative Purpose of Government What is the main role of the State Hobbes social control and keep order Human nature bad Civilization good Rousseau Human nature good Civilization bad Subdue your appetite and you will conquer human nature Charles Dickens Hobbes s view How you view human nature in uences the solutions you develop for the social problems in our world Methods Correlation Vs Causation Causality vs Correlation Causality is the idea that a change in one factor results in a corresponding change in another factor Correlation think association Sociologists conduct research to try to prove causation To prove causation correlation and time order are established and alternate explanations and rules Methods Qualitative vs Quantitative Punished is a qualitative study Empirical findings dependent on evidence derived from a study that is replicable Verifiable by systematic study rather than theory or pure logic Research methods standard rules that social scientists follow when trying to establish a casual relationship between social elements Quantitative methods seek to obtain information about the social world that is in m or can be converted to numeric form Qualitative methods attempt to collect information about the social world that cannot be readily converted to numeric from Q amp A for 56UP Questions in class Ever wanted to intervene in people s lives Such as Neil Intervention is complicated He thought about intervening with Neil because he is Skitsofrenic so it was difficult to determine if his future would be certain Michael Apted how did he influence them and how did he make his case Cannot project values onto his test subjects All ambitions and context vary Some happy to stay in social class and have no desire to pursue more he cannot give advice must understand what makes them happy and what is okay with them He was ambitious and wanted to achieve a lot but that is his personal opinion He has to do very best he can to represent best he can on society Cannot judge people and dismiss them on actions must understand lives and opportunities Was there a biased towards extroverted individuals in the film because they were willing to do interviews Did not take character into consideration Chose children that could talk was not interested in who they were just wanted to see how social structure would occur Did not plan on doing a long term thing All test subjects interesting and feels everyone has a story and there is not necessarily ordinary life everyone just lives their life How has filming their lives effected them throughout the years they were interviewed He feels it encourages them to reflect on years before Makes them think and reflect but it does not have much damage He does not feel he is scarring them Do you feel you have made special connection after working with them 0 Has known them for 50 years Feels there is a bond Some he talks to in gaps others he does not It is a warm relationship some life him more than others Some angry with film because talked into it when 7 but did not necessarily understand what they were in for Of those that dropped why did they drop Some left and returned after some time It was difficult some took breaks depending on life situation Some come and go only one person left permanently He was a career as documentary film maker Could not believe he rejected it because of career How much time with each 0 Very little time total He does not prepare them for interview Prepping them usually results better than actual interview so he gets their first reaction When he has a movie he has a special screening with them and friends and family Does not make it an issue He has seen people over 50 years see them change career trajectories What advice can he give for picking career and meeting our goals 0 For entertainment industry just do it He felt it was not achievable however he says it is a long haul it is a marathon and not a sprint As doing career tried to make good decisions Do not move too fast Did not make a movie for 10 years Did not make doc until 3 years Be prepared for what is to come Know when it is time 1024 Empirical Research Verifiable by systematic study rather than theory or pure logic Key Concepts Deviance Labeling Mass incarceration Surplus population The meanings of deviance or crime change based on change circumstances Group support determines how much meanings change Behavior is dictated by definitions of reality Any negative behavior can be justified Corporate taxes are slashed Property taxed are raised to support them Coorporations and home owners to state to welfare Safety Orange video 44000 black men in prison 22000 black men in college Is this population more criminal or are the laws we created just targeting this population A targeted institution that39s built against the resistant rebellion civil rights movement of the 60s put away all drug addicts 70 of people in prison are there for non violent offenses but small drug offenses 1029 One reason for the high investment in prisons is attempts by politicians to boost their careers Key Concepts Deviance Zimbardo Stanford prison experiment we become deviant Labeling the roughs the saints and the roughnecks and Punished Mass Incarceration the movie Safety Orange and the first chapter of Punished Surplus Populations Chambliss The Saints and the Roughnecks Class and crime Labeling police look for crime among the powerless and ignore the crimes of the powerful The two gangs were treated differently partly because one gang39s delinquent behavior was far more visible than the other s The poor white boys the roughnecks served as the moral in the community Deviance When in a group individuals lose their self identity de identification and become capable of barbaric acts Propose solutions to poverty based on each of the following three approaches Con ict theory override all the classes so that everyone is equal and there are distinctions between them Interpretive Sociology Functionalism think of social solidarity allocation for resources money from mass incarceration to school institutions Not about getting rid of the poor it39s about getting rid of poverty We should focus on taking away the need for the lower classes Gender Feminism Feminism is the idea that women are people The belief that women are equal should be valued equally and have equal rights A true political phenomenon Patriarchy A hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural political and economical structures are controlled by men Men are socialized with the privilege established to control through resources and power provided extremely exclusively the other own sex Patriarchy and male privilege are like smog barely visible but we all breathe it in Gender as a socially constructed category Gender is not just a result dependent of social and historical processes Doing Gender Gender is something people do in their daily interactions at every moment Gender performance is dictated by expectations of others Accountability to always look good etc Gender is a master identity not just a role we selectively perform Sociological theories on gender Functionalism gendered division of labor is crucial to ensuring that societal tasks are fulfilled Con ict divisions of labor within families and the workplace results from male control and dominance over women and resources EXTRA CREDIT Documentary on Skid Roe Ruby MCC Programmer Skid Roe neighborhood 50 blocks does not appear on any maps of Los Angeles Los Angeles to Lost angels film first showed some homeless interviewed ppl ab skid roe they all talk about crime that goes on 11000 men and women on skid row 23 struggle with mental illness and drug addiction interviewed Gary Blasi Kevin Cohen KK Homeless for 14 years then went to LAMP Lodge Skid row is now only seen as potential real estate instead of the people there For many the people there all have their stories it was their last stop before losing everything Danny Harris lost both his parents went into the Olympics at age 18 out of high school started doing cocaine addicted for 20 years lost everything sleeping on the street explains he was horrified when he came down to skid row Recovered after 7 years mission opened 1914 thousands passed through bc of drug treatment program Emanuel 0G started cleaning the streets himself Stealing selling drugs just for money no matter what the deal is How he is more concerned with saving his soul over getting money He believes in uplifting the people and letting them know they39re special bc everyone here is told they are not special and it brings everyone down Albert Olsen Bam Bam Thrown out of every school he has ever been to listed all of his disorders Reagan took down all the mental institutions Therefore all of these people became homeless instantly with greater mental illness The only closed asylums are jails and prisons No longer hospitalize our mental ill so we criminalize them bc of their behavior on the streets founder of LAMP LODGE created a place for them to call their own and eat the idea is to get people off the street then allow them to make personal choices LAMP deals with the most diverse group of people Detroit she lived outside for a while and now when she is inside she wonders why she ever left outside she lost everyone in her life who she cared about crack cocaine drug addict on skid roe most common form of drug abuse we don39t need more jails we need more mental institutions 3 things impact our central nervous system our environment our dna and drugs Officer Dion oseph he tries to make the community better bc he actually cares gets people with drugs out of the areas of the missions bc he wants the people who are trying to change in the missions to be respected One man went to jail for 18 years came out went back to skid roe saw one injustice with an innocent woman and police and since then became a human rights general The skid row fire station is the worst in North America Skid row is not primarily a homeless situation Police injustice harass those who do not cause problems just standing on the sidewalk Starting 2006 the laws broke down Safer Cities Initiative Being poor is automatically breaking the law all policies about cant sit or sleep on the sidewalk cant have one beer double standard white people can hold drinks and the police will smile and wave There are no civil liberties honored in the skid row area it is widely known but nobody cares Safer Civil Initiatives Protest went to court to explain to the LAPD why they are unjust do it themselves to address the problems and the truth Skid row is frightening yet also a refuge place to get well acceptance free 1031 Claire Bredenoord Write Apathy and Social Distance in UCSB Social distance is asserted to be the course of racismquot Race Socially constructed categorization process that describes phenotype not genotype Race changes based on political economical cultural and historical events No taxonomic significance we rely on Folk Taxonomy Racism isn39t about individual acts of meanness it is about structural advantages and disadvantages placed on people based on perceptions of their race Solutions It39s not about guilt it39s about fairness 115 The roots of education are bitter but the fruit is sweet Aristotle Tim Wise Video on Racism Whiteness overprivilege race not just people of color issue class con ict and race connection to Takaki reading White People did not exist after the 160039s Poor European Immigrants became White African Slaves seemed to offer a solution to the problem of class con ict within white society Slavery enabled planters to develop a disenfranchised disarmed black workforce 76 Midterm Review As a science sociology utilizes systematic and empirical methods to capture Patterns of human behavior Patterns in science it must have the ability to be replicated Sociological Imagination Structure and Agency Personal Troubles vs Public Issues False Consciousness the process by which individuals create a false sense of reality that then causes them to act against their own interest and the interest of others Sense of place assignment keep these concepts in mind probably would redo the assignment see how your sociological imagination has expanded Socialization for example Michael Apted The Social Construction of Reality breaching assignments Conformity understood through Interpretative Sociology yet can also fall under Socialization Obedience understood through Interpretative Sociology yet can also fall under Socialization Authority understood through Interpretative Sociology yet can also fall under Socialization How does gender connect How does race connect Theory Distinguish between these three 0 Con ict Theory 0 Interpretative Sociology microsociology o Functionalism Deviance DurkheimFunctionalism Labeling Saints and Roughnecks Mass Incarceration Safety Orange mass incarceration Review ch 1 of punished section of mass incarceration black panthers deindustrialization why and how of mass incarceration Methods 0 Empirical must be able to replicate study replicable and reliable o Quantitative anything to do with numbers surveys o Qualitative observing people micro interactions etc o Punished book mass incarceration black panthers 117 Midterm 1112 Los Prietos Boys Academy Drama Kings 1114 Special guest William Robinson SALSA All art has profound historical social and political content Salsa came from Bronx New York Showed song by two famous Salsa singers in New York The very heart of essence of salsa Cuban African origins of Salsa Cuba Geo Cultural Crossroads However salsa emerges from Puerto Rican Neuyorican S Bronx amp E Harlem Salsa themes social hardship and life in barrios music and musicians love and romance Santeria social political commentary cultural identity national and pan latino Salsa is popular music from Caribbean poor Political music social content Music that rebels against social conditions of oppression marginality and inequality Salsa as re ecting and facilitating pan latino identity 1970s awakening of latino cultural identity Salsa is music of rebellion against depression and racism Music just as art after all is no more than a re ection and an extension of social events salsa as well is profoundly a re ection of these events Cesar Miguel Rondon 1119 Distinguished Guests Professor Janice and Iohn Baldwin Discovering Human Sexuality Dramaturgical Model Life is like a drama Actions on a stage with scripts and roles and lines and scenes We learn our scripts from our society Learn from parents siblings teachers family39s religion peers mass media books movies songs Females are more likely to get the romantic scripts and males are more likely to get adventurous scripts Heterogenous in uence Sociological theory on memory memory is often a story of scripts lines and scenes that we have had We creatively create ourselves We all write our own scripts some inhibited some incredible ob interviews unwritten script unexpected Script learning curve in adolescence Creating our sexual scripts Hook up culture hook up generation 0 Hook up get with another person in which you have the opportunity to kiss fondle oral sex sex Females mostly prefer to have some sort of commitment with sex rather than casual sex bonds of love Males mostly prefer to have casual sex rather than a commitment 36 of college students have never hooked up 0 hook up vague language evolution Females who like the hook up culture are those who like to play games tease etc Females who like arrows love eros like hook ups less Causes of hookup culture generation birth control and abortion free from pregnancy worry 19 ucsb students get pregnant 25 ucsb students use plan B once a year Media Porn slam bam thank you ma am quick too busy male centered magazines cosmopolitan mostly female teaching women to be sexy sexperts Technology easily connected interconnected impersonal text fb leads you to say something you wouldn39t normally say wouldn39t hurt as much as being rejected in person fast text don39t have to spend time in person fb pages manage own impression with employers friends and family if you39re having casual sex you can39t talk about STDs or birth control because you39re not close enough Youth is extended in college Freedom our generation marries later emerging adults 1823 not clearly defined roles extended anticipation about the future sex ratio change on campus majority university ratios are more females than males opposite 15 years ago males are valued more females give sex more freely although we still have the double standard sexual wildness freeness sexual peak in 1990 increased before then decreased after then typically college students are more conservative than those who are not in college fraternities busy career oriented focused colleges with more females than males in uences on hook up culture porn gives more wild expectations 42 of males have orgasms 19 of women have orgasms 38 of men thought their partner had an orgasm college educated people divorce less virtuous cycle build romance spiral up create new scripts Double Standard 45 of men more likely to disrespect women for having casual hook ups then women to men 53 of women felt disrespected by their partner lack of respect shows inequality more pressure on men in thinking men should have more sexual partners long meaningful relationships lead to better lives 1121 Globalization The people united we39ll never be united Students came together for Anti Sweatshop Movements Stop selling clothes made in sweatshops Human rights Global Village or Global Pillage Bowling for Columbine 1126 Transnational Capitalist Classes the small number of individuals scattered throughout the globe who control the world39s resources through economic and social power Expectations for Final Intersectionality from PHC Patricia Hill Collins Resistance from Punished bag of potato chips stolen at the store why he stole it Transnational Capitalist Classes transnational network or powerful people that have control Empathic Civilization Lecture Culture and Social Movements Taylor et al culture matters when it comes to creating social movements Impression Management Lecture World Systems Theory Lecture connection with transnational capitalist classes and differentiate thinks about powerful nations controlling other nations around the world first world control the third world Culture Culture in uences our interactions and behaviors Culture in uences our epistemology Institutions deploy culture Culture determines who we become Quality of life decreased as consumption increased World Systems Theory Af uenza We live in a culture of consumption Marx and Weber Af uence and in uenza Af uenza A socially transmitted addiction to economic growth resulting in overconsumption Transnational Capitalist Classes Robinson 123 According to society our generation is a selfish generation Sierra Beeson Empathy through SHO Street Help Outreach Ashcon Minoiefar Empathy Empathy is the ability to understand share the feelings of another You place yourself in their shoes and feel what they are feelings Empathy is known to increase pro social helping behaviors SHO is a student run organization here on campus We help the houseless by talking to them and asking them if they need anything Haiti Earthquake International relief landed in Haiti within hours UN launched largest humanitarian appeal with 15 billion in aid of which 575 million was ash appealed Oxfam said the unprecedented generosity Is the foundation of human nature focused on selfinterest What arises from this assumption Institutions businesses etc selfish human nature We are wired to empathize Empathy is unique and complex Mirror neurons allows us to understand another s emotions We need empathy and a sense of belonging to survive As infants our need to belong is stronger than our need to survive Infant chimpanzees experiment They will choose comfort over breast milk No introduction of capital never socialized to seek it Baby fatality rates in orphanages of the 1900 30 s 3275 with no neglect of food or water Hygienic atmosphere didn39t allow for human touch The Progression of Empathy Hunter and gatherers empathy only extended to blood relation Theological consciousness Classical and Feudal Eras empathy now extended to religious groups National consciousness 19th Century Fiction of Nation States extends empathy to members of our country From Homosapien to Homoempathicus The realization of our transcendence Our generation with its connection through social media and global consciousness can realize our potential as homoemphathicus Our field of empathy must extend to all humans and to biosphere in order for our society to withstand the loss of natural resources and rising con icts globally This realization will also usher in the concept of a truly global society government and will allow it to prosper An Empathic Generation eremy Ri in Collective sense of affiliation with entire planet Evolving beyond social Darwinism Empathic science caring objectivity The world is your stage Parasocial relationships have expanded From quantity of worth to quality of relationships Nature inclines each individual to pursue his own self interest Adam Smith father of modern economics The unexamined life is not worth living Socrates Make the familiar strange If you change the way you look at things the things you look at change Epistemology How do you know you know what you know Sociological Imagination Neither the history of society or the individual can be understood without understanding both Agency and Structure Conformity and Socialization breaching experiments The Social Construction of Reality plane being looked at as stereotypical terrorists Research Methods quantitative and qualitative methods Human Behavior at its Worst Stanford simulated prison experiment Gender women make 77 cents for every dollar men are paid Race issues or representations of race uvenile Justice the four drama boys Scrutinized Sex Globalization transnational classes Generation Me Why today39s young Americans are more confident and more assertive than before Narcissistic yet still live with their parents The Millennial Generation Our generation is larger than the baby boomers First generation to ever grow up in a collaborative social space that exists all along the world wide web Facebook instagram etc Global empathic sensibility Much of our time is spent in virtual worlds We all perform for the world Youtube facebook etc We are not just a passive audience Deeper understanding of our world and try to find solutions to make it a better place From belongings materialistic to belonging success is how we belong and connect globally Past generations believe that nature inclines each individual to pursue his own selfOinterest Adam Smith Philosophers have only interpreted the world the point is to change it Marx Question on Final Using your sociological imagination the ideas you have learned in the course what can you say about your generation millennial generation What kinds of changes is this generation already making What more can it do to address the most pressing social problems that exist today 125 Intersectionality from Patricia Hill Collins In your experience Not a linear model they all work together Race gender class 1960s MLK and Rosa Park making claims for racial equality Women are pushing for women39s rights black females make claims about race to white female feminists but they don39t get it Black females intersectionality they don39t just fit into race or gender they fit into both Race sexuality religion class age gender Define intersectionality Maybe take a quote from reading Reflection on own personal experience with intersectionality it could also be about privilege Peggy McIntosh unpacking the invisible knapsack Sometimes it is one s phenotype that targets them as thieves Rios s daughter Women in sciences women can39t sell cars reading Resistance from Punished Concepts Deviant politics Transnational Capitalist Classes What39s so important about thinking of individuals and not nations Classes of people being able to dominate earth and humanity We shape our institutions throughout the globe to privilege these mega billionaires They find ways to manipulate and monopolize the world39s resources yet they39re privileged Why is it important to know that Billionaires that are representing capital yet are benefitting our planet Empathic Civilization Lecture What39s at stake Self interest might be a choice Our capitalistic system might be at stake The ability of sociopathic people to take advantage of a system that39s created to reward those who are willing to step on others That39s how we view leadership Psychologists say 13 of all Americans have sociopathic tendencies 23 of leadership officials fit well with that diagnosis Think about that with institutions how would it change our institutions if we discover by nature we are more empathic than we think In our generation knowledge is not power but representation of our collective desire to work together for our greater good If a group of us developed an institution with self interest as a dominant framework and a group to do the same but was all about empathy these worlds would look very different Essential self interest vs Essential empathy Inherent in who you are scientific and neurologic evidence which show different essential parts of animals and humans some of the mammals are more empathetic than we thought Is social Darwinism our essence Culture and Social Movements Taylor et al Why is culture important in social movements Important for collective identity performance Think salsa lecture beasts Puerto Ricans arrive to NY and get looked down upon What do they do when labels get placed on them They mock that dominant culture through music art steal go dumb Challenge to institutional authority Sex Baldwins Salsa Why is the hook up culture over sensationalized What are some facts What sociological forces brought it about Conley Reading 309 327 82 On inequality
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