Popular in Motivational Psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Johnny Broussard on Thursday February 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 470 at Washington State University taught by Dee in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Motivational Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Lectures notes?? Yes please! Looking forward to the next set!
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Date Created: 02/26/15
Positive Psychology Chapter 15 Learned Helplessness Martin Seligman 1967 Experimented on this idea through dogs and with use of an electric oor and a possible reward at the end Ones belief that aversive events are outside of one s control Consequences of Learned Helplessness Cognitive de cit failure to solve problems that are solvable Lack of initiation of action once learned helplessness has been established it s dif cult to get the organism to do anything Emotional disturbances sadness lassitude sluggishness feelings of hopelessness quotAlso relative to people experiencing depression A Shift Toward Positive Psychology Historically psychology has used a Disease Model ie psychopathology The bene ts of this model include using an empirical approach to understand what is wrong determine causality develop treatment and test their effectiveness quotAs a result psychology can help psychologically unhealthy people feel better The problems with this model include psychologists looked for disorder neglected to evaluate the things that made people psychologically healthy and didn t consider how to improve normal life quotThis led to the formation of positive psychology sigman Positive Psychology The proactive building of personal strengths Prevention of psychological sickness through hope optimism skill perseverance and intrinsic motivation Optimism Optimistic Explanatory Style the habitual belief that the causes of bad events are temporary are not one s own fault and are con ned to present circumstances Three key factors Permanence belief that bad events will be long lasting Pessimistic View Optimist view see bad events are more temporary and good events are more permanent Pervasiveness belief that failure in one area of life extends to other areas of life Pessimistic View Optimist view attribute failure to speci c situations and good events as pervasive Personalization belief that bad events are ones own fault rather than circumstances Pessimistic View Optimist view believe that failures are not do to one s own fault and that good events are due to internal causes Overcoming Pessimism Distraction think of something than pessimistic belief Disputation questioning the accuracy of pessimistic beliefs Distancing realizing that pessimistic beliefs are destructive We wouldn t tolerate others insulting us why would we tolerate it from ourselves Evidence seek out evidence that disproves pessimistic beliefs Alternatives seek out alternative explanations pessimists focus on most harmful and self defeating one Decatestrophizing even if the negative belief is correct its not the end of the world Happiness Why do 33 of Americans say they re quotvery happyquot Tendency to be agreeable people overreport good things quotSelf reported happiness might be demonstrating social desirability bias or demand characteristics Peope s momentary moods when in a positive moods people view their lives in a very favorable light when in a negative mood people view the world as being ugly depressing and hostile Characteristics of Happy People Happy people have a greater sense of Selfesteem moderately high but not too high healthy level Personal control Optimism Extraversion Hope Dan Gilbert TED Talk check online for the link PFC developed in Homo sapiens Simulating scenarios in our brains lmpact Bias the tendency to overestimate hedonic impact of future events Synthetic happiness what we make when we don t get what we want Natural happiness what we make when we get what we want The object I owned I like more the object I don t own I don t like that one less Psychology system works bests when we are stuck in a situation Photography course unanticipated joy of being stuck with keeping an item over another Those who are left an irreversible item actually like their picture more The irreversible condition is not conducive to synthetic happiness when are fears are unbounded we are reckless and cowardly when fears are bounded we are more secure
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