Week 8 Notes - Sociology 101
Week 8 Notes - Sociology 101 SOC101
Popular in Sociology 101-001 Intro To Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Patterson on Thursday February 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Lesley Williams Reid in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 2035 views. For similar materials see Sociology 101-001 Intro To Sociology in Sociology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/26/15
Sociology 101 Chapter 14 Race and Ethnicity Week 8 No Class Online Notes Race socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider Ethnicity a shared cultural heritage Minority any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates Questions 1 JUN From a biological standpoint researchers have learned if we assume we are dealing with people of the same social position knowing a young person s racial category allows us to predict almost nothing about that person Race is to biological traits as ethnicity is to cultural traits Religion is one of the factors on which membership in an ethnic category is based Prejudice a rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people Stereotype a simplified description applied to every person in some category Racism the belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another Scapegoat a person or category of people typically with little power whom people unfairly blame for their own troubles Scapegoat Theory prejudice springs from frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged Authoritarian Personality Theory view society as naturally competitive and hierarchical with better people like themselves inevitably dominating those who are weaker all minorities Culture Theory although extreme prejudice may be found in some people some prejudice is found in everyone Conflict Theory prejudice is used as a tool by powerful people to oppress others Questions 1 AU One example of unfair prejudice is to say that people who have blonde hair are dumb Stereotyping is most harmful to minorities when it occurs in the workplace According to culture theory some prejudice is found in everyone According to research conducted by sociologist Thomas Sowell racial differences in IQ scores result not from biology but rather form a cultural environment One technique that allows researchers to measure prejudice is the social distance scale Sociology 101 Chapter 14 Race and Ethnicity Week 8 No Class Online Notes Discrimination unequal treatment of various categories of people Prejudice refers to attitudes but discrimination is a matter of action Institutional Prejudice and Discrimination bias built into the operation of society s institutions Thomas Theorem situations that are defined as real become real in their consequences The vicious circle 0 Stage 1 prejudice and discrimination begin often as an expression of ethnocentrism or an attempt to justify economic exploration 0 Stage 2 as a result of prejudice and discrimination a minority Is socially disadvantaged occupying a low position in the system of social stratification 0 Stage 3 this social disadvantage is then interpreted not as the result of earlier prejudice and discrimination but as evidence that the minority is innately inferior unleashing renewed prejudice and discrimination by which the cycle repeats itself Questions 1 2 PS Following the Thomas Theorem we would view prejudice and discrimination as a vicious circle or a selffulfilling prophesy What statement is an example of institutional prejudice and discrimination Automobile dealerships typically charge minority car buyers a higher interest rate than that offered to white buyers Prejudice involves attitudes as discrimination involves actions W I Thomas offered the following statement to explain how prejudice and discrimination reinforce each other quotSituations that are defined as real become real in their consequencesquot Pluralism a state in which people of all races and ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standing Assimilation process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture Miscegenation biological reproduction by partners of different racial categories Segregation the physical and social separation of categories of people Genocide the systematic killing of one category of people by another Questions 1 Hypersegregation is the daily experience of about 20 of poor African Americans it is found in approximately 25 large US cities today 2 The assimilation pattern of majorityminority relations involves people making changes in ethnicity but not in race 3 New York City s Little Italy is an example of pluralism as the Nazi Holocaust is an example of genocide Sociology 101 Week 8 Chapter 14 Race and Ethnicity No Class Online Notes 0 Most of the immigrants entering the US today come from Asia and Latin America 0 In 1871 the US declared American Indians to be wards of the federal government and implemented a strategy of forced assimilation The goal of this strategy was to turn the native peoples into Americans 0 The historical dominance of white AngloSaxon Protestants in US culture is evidenced by the use of the terms race and ethnicity to describe everyone but the members of that category 0 What category has the highest median income the lowest poverty rate and the highest adult college completion rate among Hispanic Americans Cuban Americans
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