Psychological Theories of Crime Part 1 and 2
Psychological Theories of Crime Part 1 and 2 CJ100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Raby on Thursday February 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Klutz in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 174 views. For similar materials see Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/26/15
Psychological Theories of Crime Pt1 Zone of Transition zone 2Crime rate was the highest Cencentric zone model Social Disorganization breakdown of the social institutions in a community causes crime poverty rapid population growth transiency ect juveniles were especially impacted gangs vice activities ect quotLearnedquot criminal behavior rates of crime by area remained relatively stable meaning that characteristics of the areas neighborhoods not individuals regulated crime ndings led to the Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theorymore likely to engage in criminal activity Learning to be a Criminal Differential Association TheoryEdwin Sutterland 1947 an excess of de nition favorable to the violation of law over de nitions unfavorable to violation of law New Biological Theories genetic inheritance head injuries exposure to toxins and birth complications no single crime gene contribute to traits conductive to crime impulsivity violence ect examines variations in genes MAOA quotwarrior genequot monoamine oxidase A low activity in MAOA Gene may lead to aggressive and violent behavior Adrian Raine neurociminology Sociopathslower prefrontal cortex above brows amglyia is reduced ear side of head gives emotion Environmental Toxins chemical substances and heavy metalaggressive behavior research has shown that boys with high amounts of lead in their bones had more reports of aggressive and delinquent behavior Diet and Crime behavioral issues can stem from de ciencies in 1 Omega 3 Fatty Acids 2 Magnesium hyperactive behavior 3 Zinc hyperactive behavior Psychological Theories of Crime Pt ndividua differences in behavior and personality characteristics study of the mind Early childhood experiences are underscored Abnorma personality traits or emotional maladjustment are the primary causes of crime Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud 18561939 All humans have natural drives and urges repressed in the unconscious A humans have criminal tendencies Learned through childhood experiences The Id Ego and Superego Human nature includes instinctual drives that demand grati cation These drives involve quotpleasure seeking rrationa antisocial and instinctual impulses Freud referred to these pleasure seeking drives as the quotidquot unconscious The id is restrained by moral and ethical codes known as the quotsuperegoquot Chidren internalize these codes as a result of their attachment to their parents The superego is our moral compasi What would an underdeveloped superego mean Adults develop a rational part of their personality known as the llegoll The ego mediates between the drives of the id and the restraints of the superego Leads in making decisions Normality vs Abnormality Normaity is de ned in negative terms not psychopathic not neurotic etc Defining what is normal is difficult something commonly done doesn t make itnormalquot Accepted norms change over time When we talk about abnormality we are talking about deviation from quotthe norm Psychopathology O Collectively and clinically we refer to the study of abnormal personality types as psychopathology The Psychopath 0 Outer facade of normalcy quotConvincing mask of sanityquot O Come across as likeable adjusted and well meaning 0 Only through continued interaction and observation that the darker nature is revealed Dark Triad 0 Group of three personality traits o 1 Narcissism 2 Machiavellianism 3 Psychopathy O quotlnterpersonally aversivequot distant from intimate interpersonal relationships Narcissistic Personality Grandiose selfview View others with disdain or as inferior Unrealistic sense of superiority Denial of weaknesses Lack of empathy Machiavellian Personality Manipulation and exploitation of others Cynical disregard for morality Focus of selfinterest and deception quotThe end justi es the meansquot Psychopathic Personality Sel shness CaHousness Super cial charm Remorselessness
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