Government notes week 2 test 4
Government notes week 2 test 4 PSCI 1040
Popular in Goverment
Popular in Political Science
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Saturday April 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.
Reviews for Government notes week 2 test 4
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 04/23/16
Week 2 April 18 Test 4 Direct text Vocabulary ● Enumerated Powers ○ Commander in chief ○ Grant reprieves and pardons ○ Make treaties ○ Nominate ambassadors, judges ○ Give congress information on the State of the UNion ○ Recommend legislation ○ Call congress into special session ○ Receive ambassadors ○ Take care that laws be faithfully executed ○ Focus of class ■ Presidential cuscuses ion ■ Working of the electoral college ■ Shaping of presidential power ● Rules of succession ○ Article 2 section 1 clause 6 ■ In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected. ○ 25 amendment ■ Section 1 ● In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President. ○ This is a change from Article 2 section 1 clause 6 ○ States that the VP becomes the president not the acting president ■ Section 2 ● Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress. ○ The former VP (now president) has to have a NEW Vice President as long as the house and senate approves new VP. This prevents there being vacancy of the Vice Presidency ■ Section 3 ● Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. ○ The president can take a break when he needs to be it for an operation. This establishes the VP as an Acting president ■ Section 4 ● Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within fortyeight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twentyone days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twentyone days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by twothirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office. ○ Used to circumvent the power of the president due to health (mental loss).establishes Acting President. If the president says there is no inability the president will have control again. However the VP has 4 days to repay that the president is incapable of the president there is 48 hrs for congress to respond th ○ 20 XX ■ Changes inauguration from March to January ● Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. ● Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. ● Section 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. ● Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. ● Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article. ● Section 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of threefourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission. nd ○ 22XXII ■ Restricts the president to 2 terms in office ● Section 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term. ● Section 2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of threefourths of the several states within seven years from the date of its submission to the states by the Congress. ○ Succession order ■ Vice President of United States ■ Speaker of the House ■ President Pro tempore of the Senate ■ Secretary of the State ■ Secretary of the Treasury ■ Secretary of Defense ■ Attorney General ■ Secretary of Agriculture ■ Secretary of Commerce ■ Secretary of Labor ■ Secretary of Health and Human Services ■ Secretary of Housing and urban development ■ Secretary of Transportation ■ Secretary of Energy ■ Secretary of Education ■ Secretary of Veteran affairs ■ Secretary of Homeland security ○ President as head of state ■ The head of statis not the same as thead of the government oles are divided in some nations ■ He represents the United States a roadie, sending military and send a don receives the ambassadors deciding to whom aid will be sent ■ In terms of his powersead of stathe hasmilitary authority, judicial authoriand iplomatic authority ○ How is the President Elected ■ Article 2 provides for the Electoral college ● Electoral college referred to as electors ■ It was a compromise over differences at the constitutional convention ■ Originally electors would vote and the top vote recipient would be the president and the runner up would be the Vice President ■ That became a mess in the election of 1800 ● When Thomas Jefferson ran against Aaron burr ● Jefferson and burr were tied in the electoral college so it fell to the house to select the president. When that happens each delegation has one vote for president and one vote for Vice President ■ Details ● Each state has as many electors as total number in congressional delegation ○ That accounts for 535 electors ● The District of Columbia has 3 electors (obtained this by passing the 23 amendment) ○ Resulting in a total of 538 electors ● That means it takes 270 votes to win the presidency ● Almost all states are winner take all ○ Except Maine and Nebraska ○ A person can literally get millions of votes in a state and still get no electoral votes ● How are they chosen ○ We as a society vote for them in the fall election in fact the names of the electors will likely be listed out on the ballot ● Odd situations ○ A candidate can get the most votes and still come away as the loser in the Electoral college. This happened most recently in 2000 when Al Gore had more of the popular vote but George Bush got four more vote in the Electoral College ● Electors cast their votes ○ First Monday after the second Wednesday in december ○ Electors may vote as they please ○ Votes are certified and sent to Washington, D.C. For the next step in the process ○ Votes are counted on January the in a joint session of the Congress presided over by the President of the Senate (Vice President of the United States) ○ The president of the Senate declares the new president and Vice President ○ 7.2 Constitutional authority of the President ■ President as head of state ● The ead of statis not the same as thhead of the government r oles are divided in some nations ● He represents the United States a roadie, sending military and send a don receives the ambassadors deciding to whom aid will be sent ● In terms of his powers sead of stathe has military authority, judicial authoriand diplomatic authority ■ Executive powers ● Appoints officials ● Sees that laws are carried out ■ Military powers ● Sending in federal troops to quell a domestic dispute or to see that federal court order is carried out ○ Example ■ 1957 Eisenhower sent federal troops to protect children to integrate Central High School in little rock even though the Governor had the national guard in place ■ Legislative powers ● Recommend laws ■ Constitutional responsibilities ■ Specific powers ● The power of appointment ○ Cabinet officers ○ Federal judges ○ Ambassadors ○ Military officer ● Power to convene congress ● The power to make treaties ● The power to veto ○ Unless it is a joint resolution of congress ○ Constitutional amendments ○ Presidents would love an item veto ■ Item vetoes are where they can eliminate one or more items from a bill ● The power of commander and chief ● The power to pardon ○ 7.3 development and expansion of presidential. Power ■ Abuse of power is not the same thing usurpation of power ■ George washington’s contributions ● He took every opportunity to uphold national supremacy ● He established the cabinet system ● He made himself the exclusive power in foreign affairs ● He claimed that the president hnherent powers ■ Andrew Jackson ● Importance of Andrew Jackson first “common man” first westerner to be president ● Launched Jacksonian democracy ● Faced down states over issues and won ○ Example ■ South Carolina and the doctrine of nullification ■ Lincoln ● He suspended the writ of habeas corpus ● he built an army larger that congress approved ● He blockaded southern ports ● He interrupted the mail to many people ● His claim ○ Inherent powers allowed these things in time of war