Intelligence PSC 321
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday February 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 321 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Frazier in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 177 views. For similar materials see US National Security in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/27/15
Intelligence What is Intelligence o A framing mechanism for the identification of security threats 0 customers of intelligence President politicians 0 Intelligence informationknowledge about a certain issuetopic Assessment of information win a global and current context Collection and decimation of information Structure of US Intelligence 0 Office of the Director of National Intelligence at the top 0 Program Managers CIA FBI NSA DIA etc 0 Departmental National Security Intelligence Office of Intel and CounterIntel etc 0 Services Air ForceArmyCoast GuardMarine CorpsNavy Intelligence Director of National Intelligence DNI o DNI was created in 2004 via the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act 0 DNI created to help manage institutional rivalry overlapping authority and stove piping intelligence 0 DNI works to promote interagency cooperation in the face of interagency rivalry o DNI works to standardize operational behavior and oversee all intel activities 0 Resistance to the authority of the DNI by some Program Managers due to historical record of autonomy of action 0 Responsibilities of DNI I Head the IC I Be the principal intelligence advisor I Oversee and direct the IC budget I Member of the NSC o Prepares topics of council meetings based on current threats 0 Helps ID and shape intel needsrequirements for future action or decisionmaking o PostNSC meeting give feedback to IC regarding the other council members views on issues 0 DNI and improving the IC I Reduced the boundaries bwn departments I Strengthened the quality of products they provide ie better intel o Standardizing analysis techniques and expectations 0 Creating sourcing standards 0 Standards for how to obtain info and from whomwhat o More credible sources better info o More diverse the sources better credibility o Ombudsman for maintaining quality control 0 DNI has the ability to callout wrong infoanalyses o DNI acts as a check on corruption and bad info assessments Key Intelligence Documents o 2 key intel documents PDB and NIE 0 Presidential Daily Briefing PDB 0 Daily intel updates on activities around the world and threats of US national security 0 National Intelligence Estimate NIE 0 Most authoritative judgment on national security issues Document about US national interests and threats to those interests estimative document best guess scenarios based on current intel acquired Estimates likely sources of future events and implications of US policy Process beings as a quotconcept paper which then goes through several rounds of review before it is presented to the President and other intel customers I Concept paper paper regarding a certain topic or national security interest 0 quotestimativelanguagequot I Estimate the likelihood of developments and events I Examples of estimative language we judge we estimate I Language conveys an analytical assessment and judgment that is not of 100 certainty due to inability to predict future events or actions 0000 D gt 0 Long history as the principal advisory institution for the President on intel matters via DCIA 0 Only independent institution nondepartmental 0 Problem wDCIA conflicting roles are head of whole IC and head of CIA problem of bias 0 Core missions o All source analysis 0 Human intelligence 0 Covert actions CA 0 Covert Action CA gets the agency involved in politics so limited CA ops are used 0 Institutional culture analysts vs operators 0 Analysts people to read about events and develop assessments o Operators inthefield workers case officers spies o Tension between these two cultures I Operators like to keep info from analysts for fear of intel leakage 0 Problem wCA and providing analysis 0 Ex Afghanistan and alQaeda I CIA was charged wfinding Bin Laden and conducting operations against the TaHban 0 Given both an operational and analytic roles 0 Made CIA push to have more influence over policy 0 Led to conflict bwn CIA and DoD over best strategy options Greater IC Problem 0 Problems wanalysis and politics 0 What happens when analysis doesn t match political preferences I Ex Iraq 0 Little evidence of a relationship bwn alQaeda and Hussein o No human intel regarding WMD 0 DoD provided different evidence 0 Which evidence to believe and follow 0 Problem of leaks and doubleagents 0 Classification problems 0 quotclassifyingquot something makes the IC less accessible
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