Notes for 2/24 and 2/27
Popular in World War II in Europe
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas Michael on Friday February 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST0187 at a university taught by Leslie Hammond in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 164 views.
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Date Created: 02/27/15
WWII in Europe Week of 224 224 Victory Column designed in 1864 built in 1870s made from a cannon from the wars of German unification Hitler had it moved away from the Reichstag still seen as an image of Nazi propaganda by some Reichstag center of German parliament decimated by Russians and bombed by British and Americans not restored until after the fall of the wall rebuilt with steel and glass symbol of democracy and transparency Watchhouse one of Hitler s favorite buildings destroyed during WWII restored used to remember victims of fascism and militarism built for victims of Napoleon memorial for different things central memorial for victims of war and tyranny Kathe Kollwitz sculpturer Castle symbol of monarch and aristocracy blown up by Soviets symbol of everything anti communist HQ of the Stasi Talked about Finland Poland Norway British laid mines along the Norwegian coast to prevent German shipping Hitler ordered invasion of Churchill takes power in May 10 1940 also date of westward attack British committed troops to defense of France and Belgium BEF British Expeditionary Force Maginot Line French didn t believe anyone could invade through Ardennes forest north of the line terrain too rough Manstein Plan Yellow Sickle cut invaded through Belgium French army caught south Germans chased armies north to Dunkirk German advance stopped for 48 hours why puzzled by such quick success purposely allowing escape remain on good terms with British Hitler micromanaging military some talk of a coup split between Hitler and his military commanders Dunkirk fled northward to the coast away from advancing Germans Operation Dynamo Royal Navy comes to rescue as many as possible any water worthy vessel Winston Churchill s call to the British public rescued 338000 troops lasted from May 27 June 4 evident France would fall ltaly officially enters the war June 10 German troops enter Paris June 13 Churchill negotiating with French premier joining country with Great Britain wouldn t have to surrender country Paris fell June 14 France surrendered on June 17 By end of June 1940 Germany had control of Poland Denmark Norway Belgium Holland and France killed 135000 men only lost 25000 226 Winston Churchill We will fight on the beaches June 4 1940 call to United States to enter the war Involvement in 1939 Cash and Carry program US doesn t enter until December 1941 Dunkirk evacuation June 4 1940 French people want to move away from the Nazis chaos in the streets ltaly enters the war on June 10 Germans in Paris on June 14 France surrenders on June 17 Charles De Gaulle flees France for London wartime speeches at BBC Radio overwhelmedby the tactics of the enemy wrote multiple books in interwar period wanted to build troops and rework war tactics gov t committed to Maginot Line instead Occupied France PM Reynaud became PM on March 21 only lasted 3 months elevated Charles de Gaulle to General not an appeaser steps down Reynaud in minority favor of combining with England Phillipe Petain takes his place Petain openly willing to cooperate with the Nazis wanted to avoid as much damage as possible from the Nazis Churchill Finest Hour speech June 18 Hitler ordered railway car where Germany surrendered to France where he wanted French to surrender left on display in Berlin Split into zones Coastal Military zone entry prohibited staging areas for invasion of Great Britain Vichy France collaborationist government governed by Petain from city of Vichy indirect rule by Germany unoccupied by the Nazis less important militarily Germany retakes AlsaceLorraine Lots of governments in exile in London Charles de Gaulle governing France in exile Churchill has all of these governments in his face making plans for post war French Imperial troops troops guarding empire and mandates many troops naval ships and equipment terms of surrender were to disband army and turn over equipment to Germans active strategy by de Gaulle failed Free French movement De Gaulle wanted a Free French army resisters in France establish a fourth republic after the war reformulate France all together imagined a democratic government after the war selfappointed authoritarian leader during the war calls for return to tradition French revolution ideals of liberty and fraternity Resistance movements spike in 1941 Germany turned on the Soviet Union breaking of the Nazi Soviet Pact Socialists become activated as resistance de Gaulle rules from Algeria when North Africa was liberated mistrust of De Gaulle FDR and Churchill didn t like him didn t tell him about Operation Overlord until hours before Eisenhower didn t want to liberate Paris but de Gaulle did Hitler turns his eyes to England part of a bigger plan made peace approaches would not surrender needs to deal with England before the Soviet Union already has full plans to invade Soviets planned since 1939 full articulation of plan by May 1941 wanted to conquer England by then certain obstacles for invading England had to adjust Blitzkrieg plan Operation Sea Lionquot launch an amphibious assault wanted to gain air superiority figured it would take 4 days to wipe out Royal Air Force Radar detection towers on the east coast of Britain know when planes are coming RAF less experienced than Luftwaffe some had experience back to the Spanish Civil War extended estimate Admiral Rater s Germany confidence hurt lost confidence after attack on Narvik delayed invasion didn t feel he had enough equipment to invade England Enigma machine 1920 s Polish agents stole it and duplicated it worked to decode messages Ultra communications
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