Abnormal Notes Week 11
Abnormal Notes Week 11 PSYC 3560
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlyn Masters on Saturday April 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3560 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Fix in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/23/16
Psychological Treatment 4/21/16 Common factors of therapy • Client/extratherapeutic • Therapeutic relationship • Placebo, hope and expectancy • Models/techniques Behavioral Activation • Focus is on changing behavior in some way • Why get people active in some capacity? When would this be helpful? o Depression, social anxiety Working with children and their parents • Parent-Child Relations o Make reminders for yourself § Catch “Person X” being good instead of waiting until “X” misbehaves § Describe what “X” did well o Make sure children know what you expect from them (have them tell you) o Try to make all interactions enjoyable (even chores) o Be proactive, be a role model • PRIDE skills o Praise appropriate behavior § Types of praise • Labeled praise – e.g., “I really appreciate it when you clean your room,” “Thank you for following directions” • Unlabeled praise – e.g., “Good,” “Thanks,” “Great job” § Benefit of praise • Increases good behavior • Increases self-esteem • Adds warmth to relationship • Feels good to give/receive compliment o Reflect appropriate talk § Repeat or paraphrase what child says § Not parroting § Allows child to lead the conversation § Shows the child that you are listening § Show that you “get” what the child is saying § May help the child develop better communication skills o Imitate appropriate play § Meant for younger children, where it is intended to help the parent focus attention on the child § Also shows approval for their activity § Opportunity to teach social skills o Describe appropriate behavior § Play-by-play § Reinforces good behavior with positive attention § May promote self-awareness o Enthusiasm § Let them know that what they did was great § Reinforces appropriate behavior § Builds rapport § Smile, laugh, talk, brag about them where they can hear you Parenting skills that can be applied anywhere by anyone • Ignoring o Ignore benign bad behaviors that serve only to get your attention o Don’t inadvertently reward bad behavior with your attention o Ignore: tantrums, whining, pleading, crying, grouchiness, cussing, arguing o Completely ignore o Make sure you can really ignore it… • When you can’t ignore o Aggressive, destructive behavior o Be calm, unemotional, direct o Tell them what they did wrong, the consequence and what to do in the future o Establish consequences of good and bad behavior well ahead of time Mindfulness • Components o Nonjudgmental/accepting o Present/in the moment Thinking Errors • Common in the general population: • All or nothing • Overgeneralization • Minimization • Mind reading • “Should haves” • Labeling • Personalization • Blaming others
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