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PSYC 2110 Last set of lecture notes

by: AnnaCiara

PSYC 2110 Last set of lecture notes 2110

Marketplace > University of Connecticut > Psychlogy > 2110 > PSYC 2110 Last set of lecture notes
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part of material that will be covered on last exam
Psychology of Human Sexuality
Seth Kalichman
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by AnnaCiara on Saturday April 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2110 at University of Connecticut taught by Seth Kalichman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at University of Connecticut.

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Date Created: 04/23/16
Final week of PSYC 2110 Notes from Lecture Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) • Sexual contact increases likelihood of contracting STIs • Does an impaired immune system increase likelihood? Controversial • Condom use or other sexually protective barriers may protect from STI exposure – non exposure method • Number of partners • Low risk perception – you don’t think you’ll get one- reduces likelihood of barrier use Types of STIs • 1) Bacterial: one-celled microorganisms that cause many diseases o Untreated à can become systemic, meaning they spread to affect parts of body outside mucous membrane o Chlamydia § Most common § More commonly in female § Often asymptomatic § Each year there is a slight increase in prevalence § Even with treatment it is often not completely treated § Highest in SouthEast and SouthWest United States coast – TRUE FOR ALL STIs § More common in younger people (24 year olds and younger) § Transmitted through any mucus membrane (vaginal, anal and throat) § Infant can be infected during birth § Very small so can easily spread through reproductive tract § Can cause epididymitis – harder to cure § Easily diagnosed and easily treated if completely cleared by antibiotics o Gonorrhea nd § 2 most common § rates fluctuate still based on multiple social factors, migratory factors etc § depends on what network it become involved in § more easily detected because more often symptomatic § more likely to be completely treated and cleared with antibiotics § predictive for other STIs § men are more likely to get diagnosed at STD clinic than women, women are more likely to get diagnosed at doctor because they have more access to private reproductive health care § most common symptom is discharge § can get it in the penis, vagina, anus and throat § degradation of mucous membrane at localized site so that’s why it hurts to pee with gonorrhea because urine is acidic § Gonococcal urethritis § Men and women can both it § Men always get this with gonorrhea but women don’t ALWAYS get infected there may be infected near cervix – gonococcal cervicitis when site of infection § Bartholin’s absess o Can spread to fallopian tubes and cause infertility o Gonococcal ophthalmia § Fluid from mucus membrane gets into eye o Disseminated gonorrhea skin lesion § When it is system and untreated these appear o When bacterial infection isn’t completely treated then bacteria becomes resistant • Syphilis o Blood-borne disease o Doesn’t have to progress to become systemic because it already it o Primary syphilis: Local exposure, local inflammation, likely a reddening, potentially a fever, most characteristic is chancre which is an open sore with the burrowing bacteria in it § Don’t always get one § Likely to happen on the shaft, head of penis or vaginal walls or cervix § If it’s deeper in vagina might not notice § Treatment with antibiotics and cured o Secondary syphilis: untreated primary § Get systemic symptoms § Fever, rash § Treatable and curable (not as easily or quickly as primary) o 6 months to a year untreated with become tertiary disease and it become latent and you can have it for year then it can reemerge and it infect anywhere and everywhere § common site is nervous system – it can infect spinal cord, ocular nerves, brain § not treatable and not curable • Bacterial vaginosis (BV) o Easily detected by routine check up for women, easily treated and cured • 2) Viral: tiny particles (NOT A CELL, they are genetic material with a protein coat that infect cells) of DNA or RNA that invade a cell body and cause it to spread the virus o Herpes § Very prevalent § Not curable § Site of infection is surface of membrane § Characteristic blisters § Asymptomatic viral shedding – reason that person with herpes is still infectious without outbreak o Viral hepatitis o Genital warts (HPV caused) § There is a preventative vaccine - Gardasil o HIV (causes AIDS) § Get it from body fluids with high-concentration of HIV: blood, semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk § Body fluids with LOW or NO concentrations of HIV: saliva, tears, feces, sweat, urine § Exposure to blood is more likely during anal intercourse § Oral sex is safer § First weeks HIV establishes itself in the body § HIV slowly depletes immune system over the course of years § AIDS is end-stage of HIV infection • 3) Parasites: tiny parasites that live in or out of the body o multicell organisms o 1- trichomoniasis causes local infection o 2- pubic lice and scabies • All STIs are spread through sexual networks** – can be stopped in networks


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