Environmental Studies 3 Week 1
Environmental Studies 3 Week 1
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This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Helen Notetaker on Wednesday April 16, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 70 views.
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Date Created: 04/16/14
ENV S 3 040114 Exams Major ID 0 Supporting term 0 Supporting term Long Essay 0 Covers span of first half of class for midterm and one of the major environmental issues discussed late in the quarter for the final Film Clip and Walk in Music questions 0 One each worth only one point or 1 on midterm and final multiple choice o 2001 A Space Odyssey I Arthur C Clarke I Stanley Kubrick I The Dawn of Man ENV S 3 040314 Diamond39s Haves Major IDs The Bone 2001 A Space Odyssey 1968 0 At the time it wasn39t well received 0 Goes into human history present and future 0 Idea that human origins were part of evolution was a controversial idea Stanley Kubrick 19281999 0 Director of the movie Arthur C Clarke 19172008 0 Author of the novel The monolith 0 The block that appears among the apes 0 High frequency transmitting sound Moon watcher o The alpha male who goes up and touches the monolith o Takes the femur of tapir and strikes the tapir s caucus Weapons 0 The femur was the first weapon Game 0 Weapons make it easier to get game 0 Warfare over water at the waterhole o Kills tapirs and gets strength 0 Kills the alpha male of the other tribe and takes over the waterhole Homo sapiens o Evolve from the man apes o Roamed around the world as gatherers using tools until Neolithic period I Where first herding of animals appear 0 Appears 1500 years ago Yali s Question Why is that you people brought up so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea and we New Guineans don39t have as much Iared Diamond 0 Idiosyncrasies I Dates puts the emergence of first herding further back then usual Very environmentally deterministic Physiologist from UCLA Historians have always dodged the answers when it comes to this question Why world history is like an onion OOOO Guns Germs and Steel 0 Perceives to try to answer Yali s question New Guinea o One of the most underdeveloped countries Cargo 0 The things the Europeans brought to New Guinea I Umbrellas etc Proximate factors 0 Don39t explain why Ultimate factors 0 Explain why 0 Determining factors o Pg 86 on textbook Rancher Power Ch 59 11 Farmer power o History is marked by haves who have farmer power o Overwhelmed have nots without farmer power o Before animal domestication 80009000 BC Fertile Crescent o Mesopotamia northward towards Armenia o First place of animal domestication where it began Northern Iraq Sheep goats pigs cattle horses pg 167 o Large mammals that can provide things like milk cloth meat leather fertilizer etc I Large mammals have to weigh over 100 pounds I Identifies 14 species of animals that fit Doesn39t include zebras or elephants Sheep goats pigs cattle and horses 0 Big 5 out of the 14 0 Pack animals 0 Well developed hierarchy in their herd o Peacefully coexist in the wild made it easier to domesticate o Were only found in Eurasia in either Europe or Asia I Eurasia also had advantages in plant domestication explained in cerealspulses o Radically change societies o Sheep and goats were the first animals to be domesticated o All animals that can be domesticated are alike all that are not are unlike in their own way I Zebras are not alike sheep and goats so can39t be domesticated too wild I Animal domestication domesticated for captivity for work What about camels 0 After the Big 5 camels are number 6 0 Eat just about everything 0 Only in Eurasia Bactrian 0 Type of camel found in Asia 0 Perfect desert dwellers o 2 humps Dromedary 0 Another type of camel found in Europe 0 1 hump Cereals Pulses Ch 7 8 Almond trees 0 First plant domesticated o Grew in the wild 0 Plant domestication weeding out seeds that didn39t taste good separate them out with good ones plant again and only get good almonds Wheat barley oats millet rice 0 Place where they first had animal herding o Cereals grasses with heavy seed heads ancestors of wheat barley oats millet and rice 0 Found in Eurasia Corn 0 Type of cereal only in the Americas Peas lentils chickpeas soybeans mungbean beans 0 Pulses Flax cotton hemp 0 Native to Eurasia and the Fertile Crescent 0 Eurasia had all the environmental advantages when it came to plant domestication Today39s Music Atmospheres from 2001 A Space Odyssey Flip Clip Question Example What animal does the man ape first club to death with a bone 0 A a tapir
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