ANT 010 ANT 10
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
Popular in Cultural Anthropology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nashalie Rodriguez on Saturday April 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 10 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Donner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 04/23/16
A. Wallace’s Type a. Monotheism i. Priests, one God: complex states, Judaism, Christianity, Islam b. Olympian i. Priests, gods with human characteristics, Archaic States with complex farming, ancient Rome, Greece, Egypt, Polynesia c. Communal i. Shared beliefs d. Shamanistic i. Supernatural abilities of certain individuals: bands B. Rites of Passage a. Stage in life course i. Baptism, confirmation, marriage, death b. Special ritual to mark transition, especially the transition from childhood to adulthood c. Van Gennep, 3 stages i. Separation ii. Transition iii. Reincorporation d. Transition is associated with change, instability, “liminality” i. Special solidarity, “communistas,” among people who make transition together C. Supernatural and Social control a. Fear the divine retribution b. Witchcraft and sorcery D. Religion and culture a. Max weber: protestant ethic and capitalism i. Observed that capitalism and industrialization took place first in protestant areas of Europe ii. Protestant values emphasized hard work and the accumulation of wealth as the way to salvation iii. Capitalism develops as people work hard and then save and invest and reinvest their money iv. Over time, religious values become more securitized v. Religious values -> everyday life E. Religion & change revitalized movements a. Steady state b. Period of individual stress c. Period of cultural disorientation i. Caused by welfare, disease, economic problems ii. Handsome Lake 1. Matrilineal d. Revitalization i. Leader has religious experiences, given charter ii. Communicates iii. Followers iv. Opposition v. Compromise vi. Routinization, acceptance e. New steady state F. Secular rituals a. Events that are repetitive formalized and unite people, but not necessarily tied to supernatural i. Sport events: 1. Pep rally, football, NASCAR, COD, WOW 2. Rock concert 3. Motorcycle rallies New Chapter: Art, Media, Sport (expressive cultured) A. Fiction of Art a. Expressive culture i. Express oneself ii. Human capacity to elaborate, create, imagine b. Express things one cannot say in words c. Express opposition to authority d. Represent social values or norms e. Art for art’s sake is recent and associated with modernization B. Expressive culture and aesthetics reflect broader culture a. Football i. Team specialization, complexity (corporate world) ii. Sports 1. American overcomes a. Individual 2. Brazil a. Born into it
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