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lecture 2--thinking critically

by: Jordyn

lecture 2--thinking critically PSY 101

Marketplace > Michigan State University > PSY 101 > lecture 2 thinking critically
GPA 3.6
Introductory Psychology
Richard Lucas

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Introductory Psychology
Richard Lucas
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordyn on Friday February 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Michigan State University taught by Richard Lucas in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.


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Date Created: 02/27/15
Psych lecture 2 thinking critically predicting something before it happens 0 People picked a curtain and one has a picture behind it if they got 50 right it was just luck Ancient philosophers created intuition logical thinking Next made systematic observations of the world Finally the moment psychology was born was when the rst experiment happened and testing hypothesis The limits of intuition 0 Thickness of paper folded 100 times 78000000000000000000000 miles 0 Tendency to believe after learning an outcome that one would have foreseen it The quotlknewitallalongquot phenomenon EX 911 0 We tend to think we know more than we do Ex have trivia night and are con dent about your answer even though you were not sure about the answer 0 Detecting patterns in random data Ex detecting patterns in test answers quotthere s 3 d s in a rowquot 0 One more related problem Only look for information that con rms and don t even acknowledge information that doesn t con rm it The Wasson task 0 Will see a series of cards each has a triangle on one side and a circle on the other dies the circles and triangles are either red or black you need to determine Which cards turn over to validate a rule Our rst practical lesson 0 Avoid con rmation bias in everyday life 0 You may think that you are considerate and your roommate is a jerk 0 You may nd a dozen instances where you are considerate and your roommate is a jerk 0 Pay attention to discon rming evidence The scienti c attitude o Is intuition always bad 0 No but it can often be wrong 0 And our con dence in our intuition is a poor guide for whether we are correct 0 Therefore we need to move beyond intuition 0 Observation Types of descriptive research all have their own strengths and bene ts 0 an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles o technique for ascertaining the selfreported attitudes or behaviors of people 0 observing and recording behavior in naturally occulting situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation Using intuition and observation as the starting point 0 an explanation using as integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations 0 a testable prediction often implied by a theory Not in book agreed upon by almost all Conducting research 0 Statement of procedures operations used to de ne research variables Ex intelligence may be operationally de ned as what an intelligence test measures How am operationally de ning this how to de ne happiness operational de nition could be how many times someone smiles Man can detect where fresh water is and the depth and ow of the water below ground using a douser o Comes through your mind and moves your muscles without knowing 0 Con rmation bias ignore the fact that the drilling went wrong and blame the problem on the driller not the douser


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