Popular in US Diplomatic History
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by firstname.lastname@example.org Notetaker on Friday February 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
Reviews for Week 7
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 02/27/15
Week 7 After the WII they pledged two things USA Britain and Soviet Union 0 Fighting and winning the war 0 No separate peaces 0 They each had slightly different goals FDR s objective Liberalizing nondiscriminatory system of trade and investment New system of collective security 0 Peace and stability in the world US dominance in Western hemisphere gain in uence in Asia Middle East 0 Assuring the preservation of American western in the western hemisphere Churchill s objective Protect British system of imperial preferences 0 Access to its colonies US should play important role postwar era 0 To prevent failure of Wilson s league of Nations Stalin s objective Border security Hold on territories in Poland and Baltics gained in NaziSoviet Pact o More in uential power after WWII 0 Establish USSR as the dominant power in Eurasia territory Make Russia dominant power on Eurasian landmass The Atlantic Charter August 14 1914 No territorial gains Selfdetermination Reduce trade barriers Freedom of the seas Disarmaments of aggressor nations Unanswered question Applicable to British Empire Friction Among Allies Opening of Second Front in Europe 0 FDR promised this in 1942 but it is delayed until 1944 o Caused Soviet to withdraw ambassadors form London to Washington Soviet Union s strange neutralityquot with japan 0 Soviet do not participate in 1943 Cairo conferencequot where fate of Asia is decided 7 particular important discussions Bretton Woods 0 IMF Oversees system of fixed exchange rates centered around the dollar I Free convertibility I Loan money to countries that found themselves in particular I Efforts by Harry Dexter White to reduce Britain s power IBRD reconstruct war torn economies Establishes the foundations for future economic development System of fixed exchange rates around the dollar Americans are very interested in supporting free trade Greater access for all to capital I Some kind of loans that banks don t want to make Bank will be a guarantor of these loans fair interest rates Gain access to developmental capital I Possible to invest in industry and agriculture in countries that have been hurt by WWII I Promote development at the most idealistic value 0 Country that supply more banking to the bank will have greater control over its affairs 0 Creating Dumbarton Oaks 0 Create successor organization to the League of Nations 0 Develop friendly relations among nations and promote peace 0 Participants US Britain China Soviet Union 0 Creation of security council I FDR insisted in the participation of China in the security council I Churchill insisted in the participation of France Con ict over Poland 0 Recognize communist provisional government of Polandquot that had been installed by Stalin instead of Polish government in exile 0 Polish land ceded to Soviets but Poland compensated with part of Germany Agreement on Germany 0 Demilitarization DeNazifcation democratization o Destruction of German war potentials though dismantling of industries and factories 0 Division of Germany into four zones 0 Reparations to be made to Soviet Union reparations council set in in Soviet Union OOOOO Discussion Readings Arsenal of Democracy Speech December 1940 I Emphasizes national security I Talks about the formation of the axis power and how they intend to dominate Europe with their autocratic rule threat to democracy Calls for popular support in the war in order to protect American lands in the pacific and to prevent them from dominating Europe with their nondemocratic government States that it is better to care for the present and prevent a future with nonstop war Talks about the idea of the nazi to protect their territory from inferior racesquot and how Americans should be very concerned by it NO APPEASEMENT Duty to aid democracy in Europe and calls for rearmament Increase their industrial warfare capabilities implements defense to defend democratic faith we must be the great arsenal of democracyquot Great Depression 0 Stock market crashed 0 There was hyper production and not enough people to buy them 0 FDR promises New Deal of America Popular perception of 1930s Huge appeal of American culture and their spread of it