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Week 6 video notes - lecture 19 & 20

by: Alyssa Reyes

Week 6 video notes - lecture 19 & 20 POLS 1336

Marketplace > University of Houston > POLS 1336 > Week 6 video notes lecture 19 20
Alyssa Reyes
US and Texas Constitution and Politics

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Notes only from the video lecture notes.
US and Texas Constitution and Politics
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Reyes on Saturday February 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1336 at University of Houston taught by Simas in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.

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Date Created: 02/28/15
LECt WHAT ure 19 Political parties IS A POLITICAL PARTY A party aims to promote certain policies 0 quotA party is a body of men united for promoting their joint endeavors the national interest upon some particular principle in which they are all agreedquot Edmund Burke 1770 A party works to gain power in the government 0 quotIn the broadest sense a political party is a coalition of men seeking to control the government apparatus byduy constituted elections or legitimate in uencequot Anthony Downs 1957 A party inspires loyalty among voters o quotA political party in the modern sense may be thought of as a relatively durable social formationwhich links leadersto a signi cant popular followingand generates ingroup perspectives or at least symbols of identi cation or loyaltyquot William Nisbet Chambers 1967 quotAn organization that recruits nominates and elects party members in order to control the governmentquot MAJOR ROLES OF POLITICAL PARTIES Build stable legislative and electoral alliances Mobilize voters Develop new electoral techniques Serve as a brand name EFFECTS OF PARTY ACTIVITY Help make sense of the complexities of politics Aggregate and organize political power Recruit new political leaders Pull together a divided political system HOW PARTIES DIFFER FROM OTHER GROUPS more than Sierra Club and Mothers Against Drunk Driving Foundi Greater importance in elections Fulltime commitment to political activity Seek to govern Broad issue concerns Mobilize in large numbers Endu ng Serve as political symbols ng Fathers Didn39t Want to Party But still parties emerged Federalists vs Democratic Republicans Feds Demo Repubs Jefferson and Madison Protect states rights Rooted in less privileged speci cally small farmers and laborers Led by Alexander Hamilton Strong central gov t Rooted in wealthy mainly in Northeast and Atlantir anhnnrrl l SECOND PARTY SYSTEM 1829 1860 0 Democratic party of farmers and frontiers vs Whigs party of business and the east 0 The Republican Party replaces the Whigs and a party system divided regionally over slavery emerges THE FOURTH AND FIFTH PARTY SYSTEM after Civil War 0 The Fourth Party System 18961932 0 Republican Party supported by business city dwellers and Northern blacks 0 Democratic Party supported by rural dwellers Southerners and Midwesterners 0 Progressive reforms to take power out of the hand of party bosses The Fifth Party System 19321968 0 New Deal Coalition draws widespread support for Democratic party THE SIXTH PARTY SYSTEM 1969Today Major changes that have occurred 0 Shift of black voters from Republican to Democratic parties 0 Rise of Independents o Shift of South to Republican Party 0 Decline in the number of Democrats claiming to be working class amp CathoHcs 0 Ability of parties to link themselves on the issue of abortion D became less of where you lived and demographics and more of the issues and ideology 0 Development of candidatecentered campaigns EVOLUTION OF TEXAS PARTIES Democratic State 18741960 0 19401960 some factions arose within the Democratic Party Yellow Dog Democrats D people who would rather vote for a quotyellow dogquot 1952 and the Shivercats not in favor of the New Deal Election ofJohn Tower in 1961 as rst Republican to hold state wide of ce since the 1870s 0 Election of Bill Clements in 1978 marked beginning of twoparty politics and move toward realignment Move toward Republicanism 19841994 0 Phil Gramm39s conversion House member from Texas originally a Democrat Won Senate as a Republican 0 Increased victories for statewide offices 0 Election of Kay Bailey Hutchison to replace Democrat Lloyd Benson 0 Republican Dominance 1994 0 Election of Gov George W Bush 0 2002 win all statewide offices and control of both houses of the State Legislature TEXAS GOV T TODAY 0 Republican Governor Rick Perry Republican Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst Republican Comptroller Susan Combs Republican Attorney General George Abbott Republican Agriculture Commissioner Todd Staples Republican Land Commissionerjerry Patterson o 19 Republicans and 11 Democrats in the Texas State Senate 0 95 Republicans and 55 Democrats in the Texas State House of Representatives 0 2 Republican Senators 0 John Cornyn and Ted Cruz 0 24 Republican and 12 Democratic members in the US House Mayors of major cities 0 Houston Democrat Annise Parker San Antonio Democrat lvy Taylor Dallas Democrat Mike Rawlings Austin Democrat Lee Lef ngwell Fort Worth Republican Betsy Price 0 El Paso Democrat Oscar Leeser Trend worth noting 0 Texas gained 4 US House seats in 2012 1 Republican and 3 Democratic 00000 0000 Lecture 20 Twoparty System SO WHY TWO PARTIES Dualist nature of most con icts l two sides to everything Abortion pro choice or prolife etc 0 Continued socialization of the 2party system 0 Election laws favor 2 major parties Winnertakeall system 0 Singlemember district plurality SMDP whoever wins the district gets the seats 0 Plurality the most but not necessarily the majority GETTING ON THE BALLOT IN TEXAS Petition 0 To run as an independent candidate need signatures of signatures varies with of ce typically 15 of votes cast in last election Minor Party Caucus or Convention 0 Minor party a party that receive 519 of the vote in any statewide election this is dif cult for them even 0 Major Party Caucus or Convention 0 Candidates con rmed from party primary elections In Proportional Electoral Under SMDp System Parties must win a mead Party QGtS seats plurality in a district to roughly equal to its share of get a seat the vote Seats are typically gerrymandered to favor Demos 40 vote share 2 one party seats Repubs 30 vote share 1 seat Do 3rCI Parties Ever Win Greens 20 vote share 1 I seat Nonpartisan elections Liberty 10 vote share 0 0 M 5tmay0ral races and many seats JUdICIaI races 0 Independent candidates for governor NOTABLE GUBERNATORIAL CANDIDATES Jesse quotThe Bodyquot Ventura former wrestler o 1998 Reform Party candidate for governor of Minnesota 0 Left the party in 2000 and did not seek reelection Kinky Friedman o 2006 Independent candidate for governor 0 At one point raised more money than the Democratic nominee 0 Received less than 13 of the vote in the 6candidate match up 0 quotGod probably couldn39t have won as an independentquot D tells you how dif cult it is to win Nonpartisan elections 0 Most mayoraI races and manyjudiciaI races 0 Independent candidates for governor Overall 3rd parties require the 2 factors that make up the pushpull model 0 Citizens must be suf ciently repelled bypushed away from the 2 major parties 0 3rd parties and their candidates must be attractivepull citizens in with platform andor charisma THIRD PARTY MOVEMENTS THE ANTIFREEMASONS referenced in National Treasure 0 Based around the fear of the Freemasons as a secret society Ran William Wirt for president in 1832 Won 78 of the popular vote and 7 electoral votes Ended up endorsing the Whig candidate they disliked this party the least THIRD PARTY MOVEMENTS THE FREE SOIL PARTY Mostly Whigs and Democrats who opposed slavery Ran Martin Van Buren for president in 1848 Won 101 of the popular vote but no electoral votes Absorbed by the Republican Party THIRD PARTY MOVEMENTS THE POPULIST PARTY Best known for its opposition to the gold standard Ran James B Weaver for president in 1892 Carried Colorado Kansas Idaho and Nevada 0 Also votes in North Dakota and Oregon 0 In 1896 endorsed Democratic Candidate William Jennings Bryan THIRD PARTY MOVEMENTS THE BULL MOOSE PARTY Progressive antitrust and big business 0 Created by Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the Republican nomination in 1912 Won 25 of the popular vote and 88 electoral votes D this was prob most successful 3rd party so far Returned to the Republican Party after the election THIRD PARTY MOVEMENTS ROSS PEROT AND THE REFORM PARTY Drew from both parties campaigning for reform and ending the de cit In 1992 won 189 of the popular vote but no electoral votes 0 1996 only won 84 of the popular vote THIRD PARTY MOVEMENTS THE GREEN PARTY Environmentalism and social justice Ran Ralph Nader for president in 2000 Won 27 of the popular vote but 0 electoral votes 0 Received 97000 votes in Florida Overall 3rd parties require the 2 factors that make up the push pull model Citizens must be sufficiently repelled bypushed away from the 2 major parties 3rCI parties and their candidates must be attractivepull citizens in with platform andor charisma quotThird parties are like bees once they sting they diequot D once they make an impact or once they are perceived as a threat the two parties make whatever it takes to make them irrelevant again


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