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Chapter Six Notes

by: Danielle Pagano

Chapter Six Notes CCJ 2020

Danielle Pagano
GPA 3.2
Criminal Justice System
Juan Saiz

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Highlighted areas discussed in class and book
Criminal Justice System
Juan Saiz
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Pagano on Sunday March 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 2020 at Florida International University taught by Juan Saiz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 157 views. For similar materials see Criminal Justice System in Art at Florida International University.


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Date Created: 03/01/15
Chapter Six The Police Organization Role and Function The Police Organization organized in hierarchical manner each department has own chain of command Time rank svstem promotion system in which a police officer can advance in rank only after spending a prescribed amount of time in the preceding rank The Police Role studies indicate that a significant portion of an officers time is spent handling minor disturbances service calls and administrative duties The Patrol Function highly visible members of the entire criminal justice system Beats designated police patrol areas each beat is covered 24 hours a day by different shifts Purposes of patrol deter crime by maintaining visible police presence maintain public order enable police department to respond quickly to law violations or other emergencies identify and apprehend law violators aid individuals and care for those who cannot help themselves help the movement of traffic and people create a feeling of security and protection within a community Patrol Activities Order of maintenancefpeacekeepind maintaining order and authority without the need for formal arrest keeping things under control by means of threats understanding and persuasion practice selective enforcement concentrating on some crimes but handling the majority in an informal manner police officer has to know when to take action when to arrest whom to deal with Improving Patrol police departments have initiated programs and polices to try and improve patrol effectiveness Aggressive Patrol The Kansas City study influenced the way police experts viewed the effectiveness of patrol greatly set stage for community and problem oriented policing models stress social service over crime deterrence may be too soon to dismiss police patrol as a crime fighting technique manner in which police approach the task may make a difference to a crime Proactive policing aggressive law enforcement when the officer takes initiative against crime Broken Window Policing George Kelling and James O Wilson s policing theory Key points Neighborhood disorder creates fear high degree of crime is in areas highly populated with street people youth gangs prostitutes and mentally ill people Neighborhoods give out promoting signals Honest citizens live in these ares where they live in fear and criminals are attracted to these ares because the neighborhood is filled with deteriorated houses and unrepaired broken windows Police need to aggressively target low level quality of life crimes to successfully reduce fear and prevent more serious crime from coming into neighborhoods must address minor problems that invite serious crimes The Investigation Function first detective bureau established by the London Metropolitan Police in 1841 Vice sguads police units assigned to enforce moralitybased was such as those addressing prostitution gambling and pornography Sting Operations organized groups of detectives who deceive criminals into openly committing illegal acts or conspiring to engage to criminal activity sting operations are used to catch professional thieves sex offenders and etc undercover detectives will set up fences and encourage thieves they will videotape the transaction and provide it to the prosecutor use similar approaches when catching sex offenders Evaluating Investigations study of 153 detective bureaus found that a great deal of a detective s one was spent in nonproductive work and that investigative expertise did a little to solve cases Half of all detectives could be replaced without it having a negative influence on crime clearance rates police detectives make a valuable contribution to a police work police have skilled integration and case processing techniques all those elements are essential to crime solving in a majority of the cases the prep is identified by the patrol officers if a crime is reported while in progress the police have a 33 percent chance of making an arrest Community Policing Police trying to gain respect of the communities they serve efforts to improve relationships between cops and community PCR programspolicecommunity relations PCR designed to make community more aware of police activities Communitv Oriented Policino programs designed to bring police and public closer together and create a more cooperative environment between them local residents meet with officers to talk about crime in the community reduce level of fear in the community Implementing Community Policing Foot patrol police patrol that takes officers out of cars and puts them on a walking beat to strengthen ties with the community aimed to forming bond with the community residents first foot patrol was in Michigan and New Jersey might not have lowed crime rate but made residents feel safer and less afraid


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