Notes on Narrative
Notes on Narrative ENG260
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Talia A. Lubin on Sunday March 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG260 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Anthony Hayt in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 142 views. For similar materials see Media Aesthetics in Foreign Language at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 03/01/15
Media Aesthetic 260 Notes Narrative 1 Classical narrative film generally the same as the Classical Hollywood narrative form a Centers on one or a few central characters who move the plot forward with causeandeffect logic If there is more than one central character the characters tend to work together as a pair or group b Plot develops in a linear chronology based on specific goals c Employs a Third person narrative to a realistic effect 2 Postclassical narrative doesn t completely break the rules of classical narrative but often bends them perhaps goals or causeeffect are unclear or the focus is on a multitude of characters 3 Alternative narrative often seen in various New Wave movements a Deviates from or challenges a linear narrative b Undermines the centrality of a main character c Questions reality of the diegetic world remember 9 the diegesis is the universe within the film takes place 4 Character coherence the method by which we come to see a character as unique and generally consistent The character is constructed in a certain way but we also have to sort ofjudge those actions values and behaviors against what we understand as that character type a Values character has some moral adherence that we identify with them b Actions character s actions match the constructed personality c Behaviors character reflects the norm of social and historical behaviors 5 Divided character may subvert or embody contradictory examples of the above a Doesn t have coherence Singular character unique complex character Has depth Character grouping relation of characters within a social structure of some kind Character types similar traits for characters that usually appear within similar story typesgenres a Figurative types exaggerated figures that seems more like allegorical figuresabstractions b Archetypes reflections of an abstract value like evil or good c Stereotypes reduces characters to traits based on sociallyculturally defined groups i If we create a character that is too much an archetype or stereotype we tend to get away from that sort of singular character creation and we fall into having simply a stereotypearchetype Much more of a one dimensional character 9 Character development d External change injury aging etc Internal change change in someone s morals values goals beliefs etc Personal growth Progressive development when a character improves in some socially sanctioned way Regressive development when character deteriorates in some way 10 Patterns of Time 906 Linear sequential progression Can still include ellipses and crosscutting Deadline structure can still be linear but often has much more crosscutting Nonlinear flashbacks flashforwards cyclical time missing information Retrospective looking back from some diegetic present Uses flashbacks predominantly Ex Citizen Kane Narrative duration how long an amount of film time takes to elapse in relation to real time So in Interstellar 2014 decades pass over the course of the film but in the nonfilm world the duration of the movie is only a few hours Narrative frequency how many times something is shown in a film How often motifs happen Narrative space the social emotional or cultural relevance tied to settings i Impacts the characters and us in four ways historically ideologically psychologically and symbolically These often overlap with each other and work in conjunction ii Ex Hitchcock loved to have things set in front of very large national monuments people running in front of the Jefferson memorial scenes under the Golden Gate Bridge etc 11 Perspectives First person generally uses voiceover or some other form of narration Third person restricted shows everything but only concerning a few characters generally from a perspective close to the characters Third person omniscient shows us everything important from any angleperspective 12 Weirdness a Reflexive narrative selfconsciousness film that is aware it is a film and irony re genre style narrative etc Unreliable narration could be from an inconsistent character or simply a narrative structure that brings into question some or all of the film s facts c Multiple narrations switches between several first person or restricted third person narrations think about Mulholland Drive Movies with multiple main characters Can be confusing for the audience
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