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chap 5 cont

by: sumreen Notetaker

chap 5 cont DEP 3115

sumreen Notetaker
GPA 3.1
Development in Infancy
Bethany Reed Sutherland

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Development in Infancy
Bethany Reed Sutherland
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by sumreen Notetaker on Sunday March 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to DEP 3115 at Florida International University taught by Bethany Reed Sutherland in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views.


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Date Created: 03/01/15
Chapter 5 cont Nervous System 0 Autonomic Nervous System involuntary system that regulates the internal environment in an individual and controls functions that can be inhibited to provide or conserve energy 0 Infant sleep state sleep cycles change from infancy to adu hood 0 Infant arousal 10 behavioral states of arousal that can be discriminated Awake alert Nonalert waking Fuss Cry Drowse Daze Sleepwake transition Active sleep Quiet sleep Activequiet transition sleep 0 Importance of state Determines infants response to stimulation In uences adults response to child I Regularity is marker for nervous system integrity Abnormal sleep may indicate medical problems SIDS 0 Central Nervous System made up of brain and spinal cord 0 Brain development 0 Neurogenesis development of new cells 0 Migration cells move from one location to another from inner to outer o Arborization growth of dendritic spines to connect to other cells 0 Synaptogenesis growth of number of synapses o Myelination increases transmission between cells continues into adulthood o Synaptic Pruning elimination of synapses 0 Brain Plasticity o ExperienceExpectant Processes common to all members of the species and evolved as preparation for expected stimulation from the environment Ex language babbling in hearing vs deaf babies 0 ExperienceDependent Processes learning from speci c experiences that are unique to the individual 0 Ex Enrichment bilingualism 0 Ex Deprivation Romanian orphanage 0 Two forms of Brain Plasticity 0 Initial specify 0 Initial equipotentiality o Plasticity experiences lead to changes 0 Window of modifiability ie sensitive periods 0 Two forms of Brain Plasticity 0 Compensation Cells can substitute for others Cells can take on different functions Recovery of brain function after brain damage


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