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chapter 6

by: sumreen Notetaker

chapter 6 DEP 3305

sumreen Notetaker
GPA 3.1
Psychology of Adolescense
Andre Maharaj

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About this Document

Psychology of Adolescense
Andre Maharaj
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by sumreen Notetaker on Sunday March 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to DEP 3305 at Florida International University taught by Andre Maharaj in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescense in Psychlogy at Florida International University.


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Date Created: 03/01/15
The organization of Schools Class Size 0 Research ndings misinterpreted by politicians who began emphasizing importance of small classes 0 Adolescents learn as much in classes of 40 students as in classes of 20 students Age grouping and school transition 0 Early 20th century 0 Twoschool system elementary school 6 or 8 grades and secondary school 4 or 6 grades Compulsory secondary education 0 Introduction ofjunior high school which contained 7 8t and sometimes 9th grade 0 Late 20th century 0 Introduction of middle schools 3 or 4year school housing 7th and 8th grades with one year or more younger grades 0 More recent years 0 Return of a twoschool model usually K8 and 912 Social Organization of schools Tracking Separating students by academic ability into different classes within the same school Proponents argue that abilitygrouping allows teachers to design class lessons that are more nely tuned to students abilities Critics argue tracking leads to problems 0 Students who are placed in the remedial track generally receive a poorer quality education not just a different education 0 Socialize only with peers form the same track 0 Difficult to change tracks once in place especially for minority students Tracking students at the extreme Separate classes or mainstreaming for gifted adolescents and students with learning disabilities 0 Pros and cons of both approaches 0 Big shlittle pond effect Adolescents with a speci c learning disability may bene t from extra instruction in 0 Study skills time management organization skills notetaking and proofreading 0 Motivation and dealing with social and emotional dif culties 0 Coping with self esteem issues Public Schools vs Private schools 0 Recent research has suggested that private schools are not necessarily more effective than public schools 0 Family background is more important in uence on achievement than school quality 0 Exception is cathoicprivate school 0 Climate is different from public schools 0 Strong community values promote social capital ve students additional resources Classroom climate 0 How teachers interact with students use class time and the expectations tey hold for students all in uence learning and academic achievement 0 Students achieve more when attending schools that are responsive and demanding 0 Similar to authoritative parenting Students also achieve more in classrooms that promote cooperation rather than competition Teacher expectations and students performance 0 Strong correlation between teacher expectations and student performance because teachers expectations 0 Are often accurate re ections of their students abilities which explains approximately 80 the relation 0 Create selfful lling prophecies which explains approx 20 the relation 0 Might be stronger for academically weaker students Social Violence 0 1 in 4 American high school students has been the victim of violence in or around school 0 1 on 6 worried about being physically attacked or hurt while in school 0 Especially common in middle schools 0 Violence more common in overcrowded schools in poor urban neighborhoods 0 Zerotolerance policies and unintended side effects Lethal school Violence Widely publicized but rare 0 Impossible to predict which students will commit these acts Adolescents are more likely to be killed at home or in the community than in school 0 Most effective policies involve 0 Limiting access to guns 0 Identifying and treating young people with mental health problems 0 Creating school climates were students feel responsible for each other and are prepared to take action if they hearsee something Beyond high school the college bound 0 Colleges in the US relative to other countries 0 More diverse and accessible 0 Wider variety of liberal arts technical vocational pre professional schools 0 Rates of graduation lag far behind rates of enrollment 0 Fewer than 60 of all students who enrolled in a 4year college complete their degree within 6 years The rise and fall of the student worker Before 1925 most entered the workforce by 15 years of age Adolescents were either students or workers not both Compulsory education laws and child labor laws 0 Restricted adolescents work opportunities Decline in adolescent student workers 0 In 1940 only about 3 of high school students during the school year Decrease in adolescents student employees in the last 15 years 0 Past 2 decades educational reformers called for tougher standards in high schools 0 Recession unemployed adults were hired over teenagers 0 Immigration brought many willing and able adults 0 Growth of new technologies expanded potential leisure activities for teens Teen employment in other nations Nonindustrialzed societies 0 Generally leave school at ages 15 or 16 0 Common for adolescents to work for their families Industrialized countries 0 Teen employment varies from country to country 0 About 50 of students work in Canada and Australia while it is virtually nonexistent in Japan or Korea 0 Western Europe varies between countries Rare in France Italy and Spain Common in great Britain the Netherlands and Sweden The adolescent workplace todav 0 Job opportunities for after school work are plentiful in the US 0 Range of available jobs is very limited 0 Type of job depends on region gender or age 0 Rural regions agricultural jobs 0 Among younger teens babysitting girls and yard work boys 0 Among older teens retail and service jobs


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