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LA 211, April 19 and 21 notes

by: Anne Notetaker

LA 211, April 19 and 21 notes LA 211

Marketplace > Ball State University > Landscape Architecture > LA 211 > LA 211 April 19 and 21 notes
Anne Notetaker
GPA 3.8

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April 19 and 21 notes
Engineering 1
Malcolm Cairns, Peter Ellery
Class Notes
la, 211
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anne Notetaker on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LA 211 at Ball State University taught by Malcolm Cairns, Peter Ellery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Engineering 1 in Landscape Architecture at Ball State University.

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Date Created: 04/24/16
LA 211 Engineering Notes Taken April 19 th Final Tuesday 12:00-2:00 – cumulative (like midterm) 1. Step 1: Draw a Grid Overlay on Your Site 2. Step 2: Draw a No Cut/No Fill Perimeter Around Your Site 3. Step 3: Calculate the Existing Elevations at Each Corner of the Grid 4. Step 4: Calculate the Proposed Elevations at Each Corner of the Grid 5. Step 5: Calculate the CUT/FILL Depths for Each Corner of the Grid 6. Step 6: Calculate the Average CUT/FILL Depth for Each Grid Cell 7. Step 7: Calculate the Cut/FILL Amounts for the Entire Site 8. Step 8: Calculate the Total Amount of CUT/FILL to be Removed or Brought Onto the Site Estimate existing and proposed elevations Existing – proposed = cut/fill depth Volume = L x W x Depth Divide by 27 to get cubic yards Positive = cut; negative = fill st April 21 notes th Need to have everything turned in by the end of next week (Friday the 29 ) Bench Mark (BM)- a permanent point of known elevation Height of Instrument (HI) – the height of the sight line in the level you are using from which all other elevations can be determined Turning Point (TP) – One of a number of locations that you might use to set up your level in order to take measurements Backsight (BS) – a reading taken with a level instrument on a point of known elevation to establish HI Foresight (FS) – a reading taken with a level instrument on a new point of unknown elevation in order to establish the elevation of the new point relative to the current HI Soil Cut and Fill Calculation Methods: 1. Cross Sectional or Average End Area: used for long, linear sites (roads, pathways, utility trenches) 2. Contour Area: used for large, uncomplicated areas. Good for calculating water volumes for ponds and lakes 3. Borrow Pit or Grid: used for an irregularly shaped site and non-linear layout


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