Week 3 Sociology 1 Notes
Week 3 Sociology 1 Notes
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This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Kaley jorgensen on Thursday April 17, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 80 views.
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Date Created: 04/17/14
Lecture 415 Socialization The process by which ppl internalize the values beliefs amp norms of a given society and learn to function as a member of that society Cannot explain everything about a person39s development or personality We are not blank slates Biology is also very important It39s a combo of biology and social interactions that makes us who we are Agents of socialization Families schools peers media Total institution one is totally immersed that controls all the basics of day to day life o Military mental hospitals Families Primary unit of socialization Differences in socialization practices across social groups Cass based differences may be especially consqeuenctial Cultural capital Children w greater privilege learn elaborated codes of communication Stresses abstract self reflection Budgesting time Concerted cultivation by parents Children from less privilege backgrounds learn restricted codes Less says more spanking More concrete dos and dont s Less supervised time achievement of natural growth Schools Good teachers can make a difference but what makes a good teacher remains mysterious Schooling system heavily favors elaborated codes cultural capital 0 Disadvantages working class kids 0 Rewards orienttations already instilled by privileged backgrounds 0 Teachers although we meaning may have hidden ciricculum Peers Friends help reinforce messages taught by family or school Peer groups often develop their own sets of rules and xpose one another to distinct pressures Oppositional cultures from less advantages groups What is the media Communicate info books posters websites radio Mass media reaches many ppl Hegemony the media shapes how we think of things in a way that is imprinted by dominant groups in society Ethnocentricism is a lack of sociological imagination o Sees ones own culture as inherently better than others Cultural relativism we should suspend or judgement and not assign value to cultural differences 0 Not the same as moral relativism Consumerism you will find happiness with posessions Social interaction To understand socialization better we needt o understand everyday face to face behavior Socialization doesn39t stop it happens everyday through social activity Statuses and roles Robert Merton role theory provides a way to describe social interaction A status is a position in society Ascribed statuses born with Achieved statuses we earn through individual effort or have imposed with others Role behavior expected from a particular status Three main theories for micro socioogy how ppl in face to face interactions continually construct reality together 1 symbolic interactionism micro eve theory based on the idea that ppl act in accordance with shared meanings orientations assumptions becoming a doctor 2 Erving Coffman s dramaturgical theory views social life as a theatrical performance in which we are all actors on stages with roles scripts costumes sets dating 2 ethnomethodology and conversation analysis are rigorous micro level approaches to how reality is a fragile proposition that needs content unconscious upkeep transgendered person lecture 417 the social construction of reality which of the following is NOT a theory of micro interaction developed American sociologists Functionalism Charles Horton Cooley the ooking gass self assume the point of view of others and imagine how those others see us our notions of ourselves are not things we make up but they are reflected back on us George Herbert Mead A theory about how the social self develops over the course of chHdhood Infants know only the I but through social interaction they learn about the me and the other Kids develop a concept of the generalized other which allows them to apply norms and behaviors learned in specific situations to new situations Mead stressed the importance of imitation play games in helping children recognize one another distinguish between self and other and grasp the idea that other ppl can have multiple roles o Symbolic interactionism Goffman s Dramaturqical Theory All the world39s a stage we all have our parts roles and we play them on different stages social contexts in modern societies the self becomes an important totem we worship it though various acts of deference facework we play different roles in different settings gender roles o behavior norms associated primarily with males and females 0 can be more powerful and influential than other roles that ppl fill ethnomethodology challenges Goffman because our reality is socially constructed an unexpected change in that reality can be upsetting frustrating orjust incomprehensible we all have a stake in maintaining consensus on shared meanings so that our society can continue to function smoothly Harold Garfinkel developed a method for studying social interactions called breaching experiments which involved having collaborators exhibit abnormal or atypical behaviors in social interactions in order to see how ppl would react Gender is inescapable social category Interactions to social groups Social groups form building blocks for society and for most social interaction Micro macro connections interactions create social structures but social structures shape interactions Groups interact with one another through individuals Networks Social network set of relations a set of dyads held together by ties between individuals A node is a social actor usually an individual person while a tie is a set of stories that explains our relationship to the other members of our network Georg Simmel argued that they key element in determining the social relations in a group is the SIZE of the group Homophily Birds of a feather flock together We tend to be attracted to those that are more similar to us From Dyads to Triads When a 3rd person joins a dyad they play the role of 0 Mediator o Teritus gaudens ther person who profits from disagreement of others 0 Divide et impera dive and conquer the person who purposefully break up other two Balance theory Reciprocity closure
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