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The World Prior to 1500

by: Estefania Notetaker

The World Prior to 1500 HIST 1011

Estefania Notetaker

GPA 3.94
World History, 1500-Present
Professor Dane Kennedy

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The World Prior to 1500 January 15, 2015 Lecture
World History, 1500-Present
Professor Dane Kennedy
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Monday March 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1011 at George Washington University taught by Professor Dane Kennedy in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 116 views. For similar materials see World History, 1500-Present in History at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 03/02/15
The World Prior to 1500 January 15 2015 Lecture A The Eurasian Sphere O Eurasian world system has a greater reach and movement than any other system No surprise that it is Eurasia that launches the process of globalization It starts to bring people from across world into an integrated global system Who started the globalization I Western Europeans Before 1500 this region is not dominant It s marginal Why Its geographical in the margin Underdeveloped Intellectually derivative ideas come from other parts Overshadowed by other regions Who were the likely contenders I Most people would bet on Chinal China under the Mings I It has the resources and people I Coherent civilization for millenniums I Cultural cohesion social structure technological sophistication I It was politically centralized Dynasties overthrew each other but there was always restoration of the central system The leader claims that he has acquired the mandate of heaven He has the legitimacy to rule the Chinese people I The power of China s was military political economic social and cultural It ran the gamut ln uence extends across the region I China s strength lies in its peasantry Agriculture lies in the heart of power You can extract the surplus to fund bureaucracies and armies I However it also has great cities It has business merchant population Produced the most important invention gunpowder compass Producing a wealth of manufactured good in demand across Eurasia o A whole array of products that have a demand everywhere 9The silk road becomes the mode to transport said goods o Zheng He s Voyages 14051433 I Zheng He Muslim Eunuch I Leads expeditions that sail to India Persian coast B Dar AlIslam Establishes diplomatic ties with economic ties He had his balls cut off Eunuch Why 9S0 that he does not have heirs that will allow him to create a lineage for power He has no loyalties to a family but will have all his loyalty to the emperor You want people who are loyal and don t grow new interest His voyage Fleet of ships not just three like Columbus 9300 Vessels Significance China has the power and resources to project power whatever it wanted to Last voyage New emperor Shuts down voyages and destroys eets Why 0 o O 0 Domestic pressure Centralized government too focused on themselves No religion to help them get incentive to get people converted Emperor has no interest We don t really know probably mixture of those Conclusion on China In any case china did not become the powerhouse for globalization Downfall of dynasties O O O Peasant revolts Mongols Even them some Chinese merchants were making commercial connections across the globe o The region 9Not politically unified Islam is dominant force but not useful in creating political unity What binds together states Religion They are all Muslim 0 Islam is Universalist I In this view it is the true religion and one that should be brought to others I Evangelical zeal and missionary Language Quran stresses literacy and learning 9 In Arabic so you have a unifying language 0 Speaking Arabic you can connect with people in all kinds of regions Single locus Mecca o Draws people from all across to Mecca o Gives central focus and sense of cosmopolitanism I Ibn Bat tah13041369 Moroccan explorer of Berber descent Travels for 29 years of his life Born in Morocco in 1304 spent much of his life traveling Dar AlIslam He knows Sharia Law 9 Welcomed in many of the places he visited Indication of the innovation of Dar AlIslam o Ottoman empire 14531918 I Most powerful of the Muslim states I Gain Constantinople 93y 1580 it holds control of Hungary and gets as far as Vienna 0 Delhi Suttanate c 12001398 I Muslim state I Not so powerful but has a strong peasantry I Large merchant class I It is geographically useful for trading routes 0 Mali c 1250c 1450 I Location South of Saharan dessert State that comes into existence around 1240 I Diversity Ruling elite are Muslim but the common folk are not I Trade Engaged in trade that extends well beyond its border Great caravans that are moving goods across the Saharan dessert Until discovery of the new world principal source of gold was this area 0 In Europe some gold coin pieces called the quotguineaquot referring to the guinea coast I MasaMusa King of Mali He is represented as a guy who is controlled a hell lot of gold He decided he would make the pilgrimage to Mecca 0 He makes the journey as 60 courier and 500 slaves all carrying gold staff Timbuktu 0 Center of Muslim learning 0 People come to learn from all over the world 0 Conclusion on Dar AlIslam Political fragmentation but linguistics cultural and religious unity C Terms o In the notes Zheng He 13711435 Ming dynasty 13681644 Dar AlIslam Ibn Battuta 13041369 Ottoman empire 14531918 Delhi Suttanate c 12001398 Mali c 1250c 1450 Timbuktu Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south Catalan Atlas 1375 The Catalan Atlas was produced in Majorca in 1375 by a Jewish mapmaker named Abraham Cresques To make the atlas Abraham Cresques used information from Islamic Jewish and Latin Christian maps geography books and travel accounts and oral information from sailors and merchants The atlas has twelve panels drawn on parchment and mountedon six wooden boards


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