The Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange HIST 1011
Popular in World History, 1500-Present
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Monday March 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1011 at George Washington University taught by Professor Dane Kennedy in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see World History, 1500-Present in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/02/15
The Columbian Exchange January 27 2015 A Worlds in Collisions a 1492 Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean bluequot i Early continent Pangaea split and new continents came about 9 They continents were to remain essentially isolated until the discovery of the new world ii Problem with the idea of quotdiscoveryquot 1 Early Norseman voyages 2 Japanese made it across 3 Other accounts also exist 4 Yet none of these have any followup reconnection iii In any case Columbus was different because he discovered the new world and then followedup leading to the reconnection of the old and new worlds 1 He is able to recreate his voyages 9 he leads to a train of events that would have change the history of the world 2 Still 9 a The Native Americans 9 get screwed over b Europeans 9 increasing wealth resources and exploration iv When Columbus landed he realized that the people animals and plants were all di feren t 1 Different evolutionary line in animals and plants because separate continents 2 Native American confronted their environments differently v Columbus arrives 9 how to communicate 1 They take prisoners who eventually learn their language 2 On both sides translators arise Usually not in their free will 3 Result 9 the transfer of languages goods and other across the Atlantic vi Result 9 Only 40 years after Columbus arrives that two of the great civilizations had collapsed 1 Francisco Pizzaro Peru Inca 2 Hernando Cortez Aztec 3 Both were able to succeed in taking over and destroying a Part of it is military technology the other part was their microbes B Biological Exchange a Microorganism i The microbes explorers bring with them 1 Smallpox 2 Measles 3 Tuberculosis 4 Whooping cough 5 Typhoid fever ii Native Americans are a virgin population 1 What result is a virgin soil epidemic a Alfred Crosby 9 Epidemic quotin which the populations at risk have had no previous contact with the diseases that strike them and are therefore immunologically almost defenselessquot h Only thing that the native American gave to the Europeans Syphilis 2 Why do Europeans have so many diseases and the Native Americans have so little to offer a Denser population the more likely you are to spread disease 9 Europe had denser populations b Europe had more contact with the rest of the world c More animals domesticated 9 more interspecies interactions 9 more space for the spread and origination of crossspecies diseases 3 Result 5090 death rates for population a Small pox was a big killer b As Europeans spread their diseases spread with them iii Native American populations declined by 90 within one century 1 According to dates a 1519 925 million people b 1532 9 11 million c 1548 922 million d 1608 9 under 1 million iv Natives Spread of disease lead to the collapse of the society 9 1 Political social religious and familial institutions crumble 2 Whole world wiped away in a kind of holocaust a The survivors are enticed by religious and political pressure of Europeans v Europeans They are less likely to die and more likely to thrive 1 Settlers arrived and they thrive vi One more group added African slaves 1 They also bring diseases from that areas New species of Malaria 9 the most deadly kind comes with Europeans and theirAfrican slaves Yellow Fever9kills people of in the tropics 5070 of the population dies a European powers fighting for the Caribbean 9 They bring their armies come who die off as they encounter malaria b Plants i Eurasian bring to Americas 1 Wheat 2 Rice from Asia 3 Olives onion coffee peaces pears 4 Sugar ii Americas to Euradia 1 Potatos 2 Corn 3 Tobacco 4 Cocoa 5 Vanilla peanuts iii Spread of the new crops 9 harvest in new areas feed larger amounts of people more diversity in foods c Animals i Eurasian bring to Americas 1 Cows 2 Horses 3 Pigs 4 Array of livestock 5 Dogscats ii Americas to Europeans 1 Turkey iii Animals from the old world ran free and with no predators they took over the land 9 1 2 C Cultural Exchange 48 million wild cattle wondering the pampas of Argentina North and South American 27 million sheep 84 million cattle and 85 million pigs were eaten a The remains of Native American civilization were very susceptible to the religion and culture of the Europeans b European culture is also transformed i Tobacco and cacao came and Europeans took the cultural practice that came with them c European cosmology was thrown in the air i Whole set of questions for Europeans are Indians also descendants ofAdam and Eve ii Questions interact with the rise of the renaissance D Term 3 Virgin soil epidemics