Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade
Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade HIST 1011
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Monday March 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1011 at George Washington University taught by Professor Dane Kennedy in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see World History, 1500-Present in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/02/15
Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade February 5 2015 Lecture Notes A New World Wealth a Intro i When Europeans first arrive to the new world they want to exploit the riches of native civilizations 1 Cods were very plentiful when the European arrived They were taken by the lot and became an important to European cuisine ii They soon realize they can t keep on doing that They realize they are going to have to work the land and create settlements b New set of crops i Solution Sugar cocoa tobacco ii New problem 9 the labor 1 Native Americans a Does not work 9 they all died off or know the land and scape 2 Indenture servants a Sent from Europe to the new world to work b They don t work 9 die off in tropical weather i Yellow fever and Malaria that came from Africa so Europeans don t have immunity 3 African slaves a They work best i Why Makes no sense People from a whole another continent transport them for miles on miles and insert them to a new society ii Yes Its costly but it was the best choice 1 African slaves had some immunity to African disease that Europeans and Native Americans could not cope with iii Result Transatlantic trade 1 Largest case of forced migration in world history a 12 million Africans were shipped across the world against their will 2 Slavery is not new However this is different a b It lays the foundation for the creation of international capitalist system Previously slavery was a domestic phenomenon They varied by society and could move up in their societies 9 Now it is international c European states engaging in slave trade were not practicing slavery in their domestic society i Serfdom has disappeared and free wage labor was the dominant form of labor ii Why in the new world That is the only way they can make pro t Only labor to exploit the land 3 The Irony a Modern capitalism is premised on free labor yet early capitalism was contingent on forced labor 4 How is massive slavery possible a African states had societies that engaged in slavery 9 served European demand for labor B Slavery and Society a African Slaves were a common thing before Europeans arrived i Slaves trade was already established in African societies and with others nearby b When Europeans arrive there is a supply ofAfrican slaves that meets the Europeans demand for labor c The Africans are willing partners in the transatlantic trade Why are Africans willing to do so i It is part of their culture ii They don t know what is going to happen to the slaves iii They do not share a common identity as Africans 1 Their identities are tribal and are often at war with each other 2 They are willing to go to war and take prisoners for sale 3 Racial solidarity did not exist at that moment iv Slave trade becomes a sustainability and survival issue 1 States are sustained by slave trade They go out to get slaves and sell them to get arms 2 Survival You do it to others or they will do it to you C African Slave Trade a New world slaves 9 13 are men i Why no bring women and use children to reproduce in the new world Instead of getting more slave 9 ii Costbene t analysis 1 How are you feeding the slaves Where are they going to live 9 Not enough land to keep slaves reproducing iii Caribbean No space for slaves so they decide to stay away from reproduction and continue purchasing from Africa iv North America More space for land so slaves reproduce to supply more slaves b Slaves were sold by other Africans to Europeans i Came form inside Africa and then kept in facilities around the coast ii Middle passage terrible conditions iii They arrive in new world 9 to work plantations mostly in the South D Transatlantic system a Sugar and Plantation Production i Sugar demand very high in Europe 1 Only honey which was scarcer before sugar introduction 2 Drinks that would be bitter without sugar 9 tea coffee and cocoa ii Sugar production requires a lot of labor and processing 1 Early form of industrial capitalism They are mass scale and in a highly systematized fashion Yet unlike all other nations it was based on forced rather than free labor 2 More slaves than Europeans 9 fear of slave revolts 9 torture was intense a Revolts were violence gains b All components create 9Triangle trade
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