International Relations Notes from Week of 4/18
International Relations Notes from Week of 4/18 PSCI 2223
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caylin Enoch on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2223 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Jaroslav Tir in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 04/24/16
Lecture 4/18/16 International Cooperation • Why do states cooperate with one another? o Some problems are too big to handle individually § Terrorism, environment, disease o Pool resources for greater gains § (cheap) labor + (cheap) capitol = economic growth • How do states work together long term? o Bilateral and multilateral cooperation § Forming institutions (IGOs) § Treaties (IL) • IGO Basics o IGOs (ex. UN) vs. INGOs (ex. Doctors Without Borders) o Area of activity examples § Security § Peacekeeping § Economic help § Trade § The environment § Human rights § Famine relief • The liberal view of IGOs (per the Rease reading) o “good” phenomena o institutionalizing rules of interactions o promoting efficiency of interactions o decrease costs of desirable behavior § cost of trade goes down, cost of war goes up -‐lending legitimacy Lecture 4/20/16 Critical View of IGOs • Realism o Tool of powerful states to advance own interests § Use them when beneficial, ignore them when they are not beneficial § Ex. US invading Iraq with or without the UN o Institutionalizing the interest of major powers § P5 on the UNSC, voting rules in IMF and WB o Doesn’t make IGOs “bad” but simply irrelevant • Marxism o Tools of global exploitation o Promote the global capitalist system § IMF conditionally (global south complains about this a lot) • Bureaucratic Politics o IGOs have their own institutional interests • Intro to International Law (per the Akenhurst reading) o Sources of IL § Treaties or conventions § Exceptionalism issue § Custom _________________________________________________ Recitation 4/20/16 International Organizations • Realists don’t think IGOs are important because they don’t actually have any enforcement power of their own à anarchy o Do only what powerful states want them to do • Liberalism thinks that IGOs might help states cooperate o trade, security, conflict o How does it help with cooperation? § Provide expert information on issues § Provide a forum for discussion ú May help mediate § help coordinate state actions ú suggest who contributes what ú creates focal points ú makes coordination more efficient ú monitor state behavior • identify violations of cooperative agreements • allows punishment/decentralized enforcement ú change state incentives • issue linkage can raise costs of non- cooperation • easier to cooperate à more costly not to cooperate on other issues ú some control over funding (IMF, World Bank) • give money to states they like • Marxism think that IGOs are a tool of wealthy countries that allows them to oppress poorer countries o Helps maintain capitalism o Promote free trade- WTO o Conditionality of donations from IMF or World Bank/ put conditions on poorer countries • Bureaucratic Politics o IGOs have staff that have their own interests and may not represent the interests of the states § Want the IGO to survive § Want bigger budgets/ more responsibility § Have own views on proper actions o Search for ways to expand organization influence § New issue areas they can deal with International v. Domestic Law • How are international and domestic law different? • Domestic laws created by government o Individuals cant directly influence • International law created by states themselves • Do realists say that international law matters? o No, because they law can’t even be enforced • Only agree to treaties that they would follow anyway
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