The Fatal Impact: Australia and the Pacific February 24, 2015 Lecture Notes
The Fatal Impact: Australia and the Pacific February 24, 2015 Lecture Notes HIST 1011
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Tuesday March 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1011 at George Washington University taught by Professor Dane Kennedy in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see World History, 1500-Present in History at George Washington University.
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The Fatal Impact Australia and the Pacific February 24 2015 Lecture Notes 1 Exploring the pacific a Problems from getting integrating 9 b Distance i This part of the world remains removed from the rest of the world ii It is as far removed from Europe as it gets 9The two are antipodes iii Only two routes 1 The Cape of good hope across the roaring 40s 2 Cost of south America and along the Magellan straits c Desire i Little desire from Europeans to get a hold of it ii When they start to look into the pacific it is for competition and scientific investigation iii Not for particular economic purposes d Captain James Cook 9 3 economic expeditions i Map huge amounts of territory 1 Tahiti New Zealand East Coast of Australia 2 Looking for great southern continent 9 one of the first people to sight Antarctica 3 Discover Hawaiian islands 4 Looking for northwest passage shorter route from Asia to Europe 5 He is killed in Hawaiian Islands ii Accomplishment 9 he opens pacific to the world 1 Meaning European interest and exploration in the pacific 2 Botany Bay 9 Named what is Modernday Sydney because the vessel had a scientific expedition a Arrives and places a British ag b Growth in European interest 3 Cruises have very little food with nutritious food 9 scurvy 4 It remained difficult to populate Australia 11 Australia a Aborigines A people that migrated to Australia during the last great Ice Age i Affectively adapted to one of the harshest environments in the world 9 Australia is most arid continent and holds many dangerous creatures ii European encounterperspective 9 Aborigines are savages 1 No civilization 9 Wild games wild fruits no free land no writing no social hierarchies no cities 2 British see them as savages 9 so they don t see a need to negotiate them a Terra nullius 9 the land is not in productive use so its empty land Believed that since the natives weren t using the land quotproductivelyquot then it was empty land 3 The British started exterminating the natives peoples a Disease took the first then exterminatory policies finished the job Population About a million before the British c Tasmania successful case of genocide 9 Completely wiped out by late 19th century 4 The fatal impact 9 the result for many of the indigenous people b Convict Colony i How to attract settlers to come to Australia and stay there 1 Freely decide to take 6 months trip to Australia where there is very little instead of going on a month trip to American where development is happening ii Free settlers wont do it 9 get people who are not free 1 Ship British convicts halfway around the world to Australia a Problem American revolution has just taken off and they can t send indentured servants 9 surplus of convicts in the British homeland b They turn ships into prison 2 1787 9 1000 prison and a couple of 100 soldiers9 ships across the world 3 160000 British convicts 9 men women children a Thieves murders prostitutes b Once botany fills up 9 they move to satellite establishment iii With time some free settlers decide to come to Australia 1 At first settlers only come with subsides 2 How can they make a living a They cant send out crops they will rot before you get them 3 The land doesn t have much but the sea has treasures a Whales 9 oil corsets perfumes b Initially growth of economy iv Merino sheep 9 no natural predators 1 4 million sheep in Australia9 they grow them for the wool 2 The wool is commercially valuable V Discovery of gold in south Australia in the 18505 9 settlers coming to Australia in hopes of making it rich 1 Convicts idea is gone 9 population c White Australia Europeans took over i 20th century 9 worried about the yellow peril 1 Imposed immigration restriction 9 white Australia policyquot 9 Up until 1970s 2 Now friendly to Asian immigration III New Zealand a Maori The Native People of New Zealand 9 two islands 1300 miles west of Australia i Hakka Dance 9 All blacks rugby team using it to intimidate opponents ii Discover and mapped by captain cook 9 no claim for British empire iii At first it was a sea stop and spread of Christianity iv Polynesian people 9 same of Hawaii Tahiti 1 More advance than the natives in Australia 9 domesticated animals agriculture large sophisticated societies extraordinary sea masters quiet war v They engage in ritual cannibalism 9 European keep their distance 1 They don t make claims of terra nullius vi Europeans negotiate with the Maori 9 there is a lot of con ict 1 British get tired and claim New Zealand a European My 2 Maori 9 cant be made into a docile labor force a Yet9Isolated for Eurasian world 9 highly susceptible to the diseases of Europeans vii Series of wars take place 9 1 Eventually end in stalemate highlands for Maori and coastal areas for the British viii The Maori community starts to break down 1 Alcoholism and prostitution grow cultural pride falls poverty pushed from society b Advance of Settlers i Eventually the settlers take over IV South Pacific a Tahiti Populated by Polynesian peoples 9 their way of lives was absolutely idyllic i Fruits grown on trees considerable amount of free love outside of marriage peaceful and happy ii They had no Iron 9 were delighted to acquire Iron products 1 Charm native women with a piece of Iron 2 Problem for captain cook sailors bridging down the ships V b C Terms 99962 iii 1 They begin to refer to the peoples as a quotnoble savagequot They are not civilized but they are admirable for their noble ways iv Paradise didn t last forever 9 1 2 3 4 5 Hawaii i Native ii Guns and alcohol introduced Sexually transmitted diseases Culture changed when conversion begins to happen Plantations of sugars pineapples Advance of settlers 9 turned societies into multiethnic worlds people remain but it is populated by immigrants Tourism industries Modern problems i World powers test nuclear bombs in the south pacific ii Global warming 9 water rising Cape of Good Hope Captain James Cook Botany Bay Merino Sheep Maoris