Week 13 Notes
Week 13 Notes HY 101
Popular in Western Civ To 1648
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Daniel Riches in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Western Civ To 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/24/16
WEEK 13 Notes Protestant Reformation: Mainstream and Radical Lutheran Theology o Sola scriptura (salvation be scripture) Everything we know about God and salvation comes from the scripture Not in scripture, not required (but not necessarily bad) Fundamental attack on established traditions and rituals of Catholic Church o Sola fide Salvations on faith along Acceptance of the fact that you will never be good enough, and that is ok because Jesus died for all sins to be forgiven Faith in New Testament Trust that promise of no? o Sola gratia Salvation by Grace alone Salvation is a gift, even though you are underserving God gives you faith through your grace Luther is a predestination Path is chosen for you Nothing more you can do to earn your faith or grace o Priesthood of all believers Ministers: Part of the body of believers, not presiding over them Inner/outer man o Inner is spiritual self o Outer man is the man the world sees Consubstantiation o Communion Bread and wine remain bread and wine but there is a presence of God is felt Confessions of Augsburg o First group of Lutheran setting the guidelines of the church Spread of Lutheranism o Northern Europe is very affected (Norway, Sweden, Parts or Germany) o Political leaders become Church heads State and religion Radical Reformation o Unwanted misunderstanding of Luther’s writings o Drew upon local traditions and beliefs o Thousands of various interpretations groups were all different, but some believed in: Apolcalypticism: world ending soon Ant- clericalism: blaming the clergy for world problems Biblical literalism: Every word is literally true “Reformation by Provocation” o People were scare of reform groups o Luther distanced himself from radical reformers, aligns himself with elites of society to establish state churches Thomas Müntzer and Andreas Karlstadt o Supported Luther from the beginning o Violent spilt with him over impatience of wanting to change the world now German Peasants’ War 75,000 peasants die Luther initially spilt, but sides with elites, law and order o Quietism Passive disobedience if a leader leads you against something God saves o Anabaptists Munster 1535 Some were pacifists, some were militant radicals Catholic Counter-Reformation Catholic Counter-Reformation Council of Trent 1545-1563 o Series of 3 councils that meet over these 18 years o Starts with Pope Paul III The papacy isn’t a big fan because of the power the council could attain o Accomplishments: Canon of the scripture is settled upon Pope becomes more powerful Discipline, pluralism Revival of papal inquisition o Point-by-point response to Luther o Sacraments established Societas Jesu (Jesuits) o Founded 1537 o Builds on the Augustinian order o Ignatius Loyola 1491-1556 Founder o Takes the form of an army, travels o Church inhabitant Index of Prohibited Books o List of books you shouldn’t have o Mostly protestant works Baroque Art o Religious themes, celebrated Catholic Responses to Protestant Theological Development Sola scriptura? No – tradition is also binding Sola fide? No – works are also necessary Sola gratia? Sort of – grace is essential but we must reach our and take hold of The Stripping of the Altars Duffy The ornate nature of the Churches distracting from inner thinking but it is supposed to honor God
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