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Multicultural women in the US

by: Kay Patel

Multicultural women in the US WMST 1110

Marketplace > University of Georgia > WMST 1110 > Multicultural women in the US
Kay Patel

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About this Document

the invisible poor
Multicultural Women in the US
Nichole Ray
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kay Patel on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WMST 1110 at University of Georgia taught by Nichole Ray in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


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Date Created: 04/24/16
04/05 The invisible poor  Poverty as racialized?  “Poverty wears a blackface and is presumed to follow from an unwillingness to enter the labor force… the tendency to racialize the undeserving, the object”  The largest group of poor people: The working poor  Debunking the culture of poverty  The central idea: poor people remain poor because they are a part of a unique culture with twisted, pathological values and practices  Low income, few jobs, substandard housing produce the cultural response of “deviant” values  Values are then supported by the culture  Values are then passed down from generation to generation  Problem with culture of poverty?  Ignores structural inequalities that cause poverty  Ignores the bird cage  Case study: working poor in Harlem  One of the poorest area of NY  Working poor families: primarily work in fast-food restaurants  Primarily minority youth  Racial/ethnic diversity  Youth and older workers  Family structures: Debunking Myths and Stereotypes  Family structures are diverse: single parents, kinship etc…  Most in the family work  Social services needed to supplement minimum wage and work—pg:315  Rethinking families and community  The nuclear family  Family micro/macro? = personal vs community  Why is the extended kinship important for women?  Main argument: limited definition of “family” to those composed of husbands and wives or parents and young children misses much of the experience of families as they actually exist  The extended family:  Erosion of the extended family and traditional ways  “the extended family…consisted of an important set of familial, religious and community organizations”  Fewer extended families after 1880  The improvising of American law and custom ignored ultimately undermined some aspects of the extended family  Expanding family  Extended kinship networks: extended family line close by and you are growing up near them  Festive kinship networks: people who live close by and growing up near them, but they are not blood related  The maintenance of family support networks is an important class-based survival development  i.e. aunts/uncles/grandparents aid in caring for the children  aids parents in saving money on childcare  influence of modern marriages on extended kinship networks  married people are less likely to be involved with extended kin tan those who are never married or previously married  married adult children take care of elderly parents less often than their unmarried siblings  people of color rely on extended kinship than whites  most latinos and black families live within two miles of family  US welfare programs  Definition: governmental provision of economic assistance to persons in need  Anti-poverty welfare programs:  Childcare assistance  Earned income tax credit  Food stamps  Housing assistance  Medicaid and SCHIP  TANF: temporary aid to needy families  Societal shifts  Post-depression New Deal programs:  Mother’s pensions: provided widows with supports for st children; 1 official anti-poverty program  1935: establishment of aid to families with dependent children (AFDC); welfare check  Breadwinners/homemaker model: “good women should stay at home with children”  1960s  Rise in welfare rolls  Increase in parenting  War on poverty: increase federal spending in aid to poor —food stamps and Medicaid  “A sense of possibility”  1966: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)  Transition from aid to families to dependent children (AFDC) to TANF  No lifetime limit to lifetime limit—state limit varies  Recipients are required to work, find a job, prove that they are searching  …asserted and enforced a newly reformulated vision of the appropriate values of work and family life  Significant increase in state fund. However, poor mothers did not receive larger welfare checks  TANF: Clinton administration  Pyramid of inequality  RA and the rhetoric of individual responsibility—what does this do?  Differences among welfare mothers—values, beliefs, experiences  Ignores larger systematic problems, shifting social, political, economic contexts that impact growing rates of poverty  Growing economic inequalities—pg. 139


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