Week 15 Notes PSCH 315
Week 15 Notes PSCH 315 PSCH 315
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by vscobee2 on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCH 315 at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Karina Reyes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Women and Gender in Psychlogy at University of Illinois at Chicago.
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Date Created: 04/24/16
Week 15 Notes PSCH 315 st Notes are on every other page, excluding the 1 Ch. 14 The Victimization of Women Rape: o Victim-blaming popular in society o Forced rape is one of the most underreported crimes Women tend to blame themselves, especially with date rape o Majority of those arrested for rape are men o Women raped at a much higher rate than men o Rape not about horniness, but about power o Impact: Depression/Anxiety Trust issues PTSD Sexual dysfunction o Many women show significant recovery in a year o Women learn to deal, but don’t forget the trauma o Jezebel Stereotype: idea that some groups of women aren’t rapeable because they’re already sexually loose (have lots of sex with lots of people) Often refers to sex workers – they’re not taken as seriously when they claim rape Awful, biased, racist stereotype o Possible physical consequences: Trauma to mouth/throat Damage to rectum Pregnancy Long-term: Pelvic pain Problems with periods Intestinal problems Sexual disorders – different for all women o Half of college-aged women do not label the experience of rape as “rape” because it doesn’t match their schemas/scripts for what constitutes as rape Most people think of rape only as assault from a stranger (acknowledged/recognized rape) Don’t think rape by someone they know is considered rape (unacknowledged rape/script) Rape can occur in instances of miscommunication Women may not feel the threat of rape with people they know Alcohol is a vulnerability, but not excuse for rape Instances of fear about making a scene, making a big deal out of something; want to avoid awkwardness, rejection o Many women fear rape and may take preventative measures Ex. Carrying pepper spray, talk to someone on the phone while walking alone, take self-defense classes, carry pocket knife, hold keys between fingers, being overly-aware of surroundings, carrying gun, watch their drinks when at a party, have safe words for friends/family, avoiding going outside alone at night, not walking with headphones in o About 100,000 rapes a year – 40% involve a date o There’s no definitive profile of who is a rapist But we do know of factors that predispose someone to raping Coming from a violent home Delinquency – think rule-breaking is okay Exposed to or having a hostile, masculine personality Goal of having as much sex as possible Reducing likelihood of raping: if a man has empathy Teaching kids to not be violent, to see others’ perspectives o Marital Rape: Misconception that wife must always be sexually accessible to husband 7-14% experience forced sex in marriage Men who rape spouses are often also physically violent with them Women go through self-blame PAGE LEFT BLANK o 4 Theories about Rape: what causes it to occur 1. It’s precipitated by the victim (“she was asking for it”) 2. There’s something wrong with the rapist – he has some type of psychopathology 3. Social Disorganization Theory: When society has no order, people break rules Ex. During war 4. Feminist Theory: rape happens as men’s expression of power Men’s desire for dominance – society tells them to be this way Has to do with inequality between sexes o Prevention: What women do out of fear of sexual assault Avoiding places where rape might occur (parties, alleys, bars, outside areas, parking garages Colleges have guidelines for how to avoid rape situations, set sexual limits Being clear – saying no, not being persuaded, communicating Change the culture (rape culture) to decrease the idea of mistreating women to take away their power o Treatment: CBT Used to help women learn to cope with triggers associated with their trauma Restorative Justice: trying to restore justice Rapist arrested Meeting with your rapist under safe, controlled setting Victim and her family expresses their feelings and rapist listens If rapist agrees to be in this situation, he more likely feels morose They decide on how he can payback the damage – educating other prisoners, work in a rape shelter, advocating for victims Repair the harm that has happened to the woman Goal is to empower victim, give her control again PAGE LEFT BLANK Treatment of rapists: Rapists who are treated go on to rape half as less as non-treated rapists Problem for data is that sexual offenders are all lumped together Biomedical treatments – reduce testosterone; chemical castration o Needs to be paired with therapy/education to be fully effective Battered Women o Degrees of severity o High rates o Some kill husbands and end up in jail o There is no typical profile for a batterer or a victim o Characteristics of the batterer are a better predictor than the characteristics of a victim o Batterer likely to be insecure to a pathological degree o Adhere to traditional gender roles o 3 types of batterers: 1. Family only: only abuse family members 2. Generally violent, anti-social: most violent to wives, but often to other people Often have Anti-Social personality disorder 3. Depressed-Borderline: engages in moderate to severe violence toward wife but not toward others Very volatile relationships thought of in extremes (love-hate) Most psychologically-impaired and distressed o Outsiders often ask “why do women stay?” That’s victim-blaming May stay because of man’s threats May hope for him to change Don’t feel like they have any other financial options Man may make lots of (empty) promises or beg her to stay PAGE LEFT BLANK Women may have grown up in a violent household and come to accept it, think it’s normal o High impact on kids: Batterer more likely to abuse children, too Even if he doesn’t, kids are still witnesses to his violence Witnessing violence increases likelihood for psychological issues, behavioral problems, repeating violence, aggressive, PTSD, etc.
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