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Government Notes, Weeks 13-14

by: Allison Notetaker

Government Notes, Weeks 13-14 PLSC2003 007

Marketplace > University of Arkansas > Botany > PLSC2003 007 > Government Notes Weeks 13 14
Allison Notetaker
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Cover multiple chapters in preparation for last test
American National Government
Karen Sebold
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Notetaker on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PLSC2003 007 at University of Arkansas taught by Karen Sebold in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Botany at University of Arkansas.


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Date Created: 04/24/16
Tuesday, April 19, 2016 Government The media and politics - sources of the media • television • print • radio • internet • social media - functions of the media • reporting the news • identifying public problems • socializing new generations • providing a political forum • making profits - determine what they will report on - bias exists toward sensationalism • entertainment - media’s power • gate-keeping - determine what news stories are broadcasted (what gets through the gate) • agenda setting - focus on certain stories (12/10000) - same stories get bounced around—do not cover enough • framing - prompt us to think a certain way by framing stories in a positive or negative light, liberal or conservative way, or sensational way • priming - prime the response from the audience 1 Tuesday, April 19, 2016 - Government and the Media • Government does not own the media • US government regulates ownership and some content of the media - cannot own more than 20% of media in one given area - prevent monopoly • 1996 Telecommunications Act - loosened federal restrictions of media ownership - more competition - regulated content in the Internet (later struck down by USSC) • least regulated now!!! • TV is one of the most regulated - 90% of the media in the US are owned by the following: • Walt Disney • News Corporation—largest in the world, not just US • Time Warner • Viacom/CBS • GE - Conclusion • are your beliefs truly your own • greater concentration means very few voices own the media 2 Thursday, April 21, 2016 Campaigns and Elections - Chapter Objectives • functions and characteristics of campaigns and elections • process of voter registration • how campaigns are financed in the US - third party actors—PACs and Super-PACs - Introduction • Campaigns and elections are a big part of democracy: - citizens and groups can have a voice - determine confidence in government • if we do not trust government, we do not show up or vote • believe that it is an open and free process - vet the candidates • In the US, campaigns are: - lengthy - competitive - require money, media attention, and momentum to win - Voter Registration • in past, states have discouraged registration - poll taxes, IQ tests, and grandfather clauses, and now voter IDs • The Motor-Voter Act of 1993 - Spending on Federal Elections • money intensive because they are long, tedious process • almost tripling how much money goes toward elections over the past decades - 2012, $6.6 billion 1 Thursday, April 21, 2016 - 2016, $10 billion • lots of money spent in the media - Early Campaign Finance Laws • The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act (1883) - prohibited government employees from soliciting contributions from civil service employees • Tillman Act (1907) - prohibited corporations and nationally charted banks from making direct financial contributions to federal candidates • Taft-Hartley Act (1947) - extended contributions ban to labor unions - Modern Campaign Finance Reform in the US • The Federal Election Campaign Act (1971) - set caps on expenditures - ban use of personal wealth - required full disclosure - established presidential matching funds system - set limits on direct donations (hard money) - created the FEC • Buckley v Valeo (1976) - overturns caps on total campaign spending - overturns ban on candidate personal spending - overturns regulation of independent expenditures (soft money) • magic words test • Political Action Committees grow in number in the 1980s - Growth of Third Party Financers 2 Thursday, April 21, 2016 • BiPartisan Campaign Reform Act (2002) - ban on corporate, bank, and labor unions from using general treasury funds for independent expenditures - increases donor limits • Citizens United v FEC - bans limits on outside groups spending - overturns ban on corporate, bank, and labor unions from using treasury funds for independent expenditures • Super-PACs grow in number in the last 5 years 3


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