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Introduction to Gender Studies Class notes

by: Victoria Notetaker

Introduction to Gender Studies Class notes GS 1173

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Communication Studies > GS 1173 > Introduction to Gender Studies Class notes
Victoria Notetaker
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About this Document

Notes for the first week of Introduction to Gender Studies.
Gender Studies
Dr. Emily Ryalls
Class Notes
Gender, Studies, notes, communication




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Notetaker on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GS 1173 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Emily Ryalls in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Gender Studies in Communication Studies at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 04/24/16
 Social construction o Reality comes into existence through communication o Gender is an invention­ it is an artifice, a delusion, an ideology  Why masculinities o Variations in masculinity  Age, race, ethnicity, social class, sexuality, ability, etc.   Gender Inequality o Patriarchal Hegemonic masculinity:  Marginalized masculinity: ­strength  “deviant” the other stuff. ­violence ­emotionless ­aggression ­heterosexual ­athletic ­ “the norm” Gender and Media  Media paradox 1. “The media is both a resource for and a barrier to social injustice.”  “Freedom trash can”­ ideals of women’s beauty put in a trash can.  Media literacy­ critical media consumers.  Media influence 1. Marx  Proletariat & Bourgeoisie (working class & 1%)  Hegemony= the ways of living because common sense  (Hegemony works when proletariats buy into it)  Ideology= ideas that aren’t questioned.  Gramsci 1. Mass media (dominated way of life. 1% use mass media to perpetuate ideologies)  Burke 1. Equipment for living (literature as equipment for living)  now media= all forms  of living. 2. Creates us vs. them scenario for good vs. bad  Media control 1. What is media? (Impossible to avoid media)  TV/movies  Social media  Radio  Books  Photographs  Advertisements 2. Media conglomerates (monopoly­own different types of media outlet).  The Walt Disney Company 1. World’s second largest media conglomerate in terms of revenue (Comcast is 1 )   The Walt Disney Studios (film)  Marvel Entertainment (Avengers, Iron Man)  Lucasfilm (Star Wars)  Pixar (Toy Story, Inside Out)  ABC, ESPN, A&E, etc.  Disney Channels Worldwide  Worldwide children and family channels  Merchandising, music, and theatre divisions  Hulu  14 Theme Parks  Investigating Gender in Media 1. Feminist media studies 2. Let’s give it a try:  The Hunger Games  New York Times critics. Scott and Dargis call Katniss Everdeen  “one of the most radical female characters to appear in American  movies.”  Sometimes, the way “in which gender trouble seemingly begs for a transgression of gender barriers and of heterosexual normativity  becomes instead an instance in which gender is largely (though not completely) renormalized and re­essentialized.” o John Sloop Disciplining Gender  Women more likely to be portrayed as hypersexual than are males.  Emphasis on female thinness in R­rated films and unrealistically curvaceous figures in G­ rated films.  Children’s films, women = unrealistic standards of beauty, limited aspirations, unhealthy  romantic relationships.  Questions in order to assess the challenge of gender order in a film (Bechdel Test for  Popular Culture) 1. Are there 2 or more named women? 2. Do the women talk with each other? 3. Do the women talk about topics other than men?  Since 1960s­ domesticity and sexuality = women  Since 1960s­ heroism and violence = men  Ex: James Bond  Transgender images­ relatively few in film. o The transgender deceiver who lies (tootsie, ’82) o The transgender mammy who fully accepts femininity (To Wong Goo, ’95) o The transgender monster who kills (Silence of the Lambs, ’91)  Trans­revolutionary is an image found in documentary films that offers a positive view of trans­political activism. st  BREAKTHROUGH! Sigourney Weaver­1979, Alien= 1  action heroine in major  Hollywood film. o Before her, early 1970s – Pam Grier  Coffy (’73) o Foxy Brown (’74) st o 1  woman to run a Hollywood movie studio= Dawn Steel in 1980s by  Columbia/Tristar. o Meryl Streep demonstrated that women over 40 can bring in revenues at the box  office (Bridges of Madison County). o 1990s, Darnell Martin (I Like It Like That, ’94) = 1  African­American woman to have a film released by a major Hollywood Studio­Columbia Pictures. o 2001, Halle Berry (Monster’s Ball) = 1  African­American woman to win an  Oscar for Best Actress. o Narrow range of roles rooted in sexism, racism, and classism.  Intersectional Analysis o Powerful messages  Women and men  Race  Class  LGBTQ  Madonna/whore Transgender Cross Dresser ­Assigned sex at birth ­Someone who likes to put on the clothes of the other sex. ­Does not match their gender performance. ­Just brings them joy in some way. ­Sex does not equal gender ­Transwoman= Caitlyn Jenner ­Transman= Chaz Bono  Ex: Caitlyn Jenner o Male  femininity  o (no) male  fem. (no) hetero. o Female  fem. Lesbian  Latinidad­ how Spanish women are viewed. o English (bad/broken) o Spanish music o Tight, colorful clothing o View (scope) from bottom to up. o The grouping of all “brown” women as Latina.  Bechdel Test o Test femininity in movies. o Questions:  Are there 2 or more named women?  Do the women talk to each other?  Do they talk about topics other than men?


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