Art History II: Exam 4 Week 3
Art History II: Exam 4 Week 3 ART 1023
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 1023 at Mississippi State University taught by Benjamin Harvey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see History of Art 2 in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/24/16
04/18/16 Paul Cézanne Still Life with Plaster Cupid Oil on paper mounted on canvas Circa 1895 Thought of himself as an impressionist artist, is now also classified as post impressionist Interested in natural appearances, but also incorporating distortion to emphasize classic art techniques (line, color, forms, etc.) Constructive stroke: use of hatch markings to apply the paint, gives a clearly painted feel; builds a kind of grid over the image Proportions and relation of depth are distorted Edvard Munch The Scream 1910 (original version: 1893) Tempera on board Series of painting all depicting the same/similar scene Repeated composition with small changes throughout the series Makes multiple copies in paint, pastel, and even lithograph What is screaming? o The figure with its hands up to amplify the scream Pathetic fallacy; nature is complementing human emotion o Nature, and the figure is covering it’s ears Nature is creating/inspiring the feeling of the individual Composition is comparable to Starry Night Presymbolic: so natural that it has no need for translation; before development of language, meaning embedded in human nature Auguste Rodin The Burghers of Calais Bronze 188495 Exists in multiple forms o Rodin focused mainly on the plaster casting process and was able to replicate his more famous works in multiple medias to create many replicas of the original Six burghers (wealthy, welltodo citizens) going to the King to turn in their keys to the city of Calais; expecting that the King will kill them Almost at ground level to connect the common public to the scene (city raised it up a bit; Rodin wanted it on the ground) Antiheroic depiction of the characters; not idealized Meaning of public art: relationship between the art object and the social space/viewer o Meaning changes as the location of the work changes Original plaster cast version was displayed in Paris in 1889 04/20/16 Art Nouveau Focused on design elements Advertisements become focused on art as well as the product Thinner lines Klimt The Kiss 190708 Oil on canvas Two ways to read it o Mutual affection, kiss of love o Forced kiss, straining Fauves “Wild animals” / “wild beasts” Meant as a negative association initially Focused on basic forms Changed naturalistic colors to overly exaggerated/imagined colors Henri Matisse Dance 1 Oil on canvas 1909 Focused on flattened space Broken circle o Visually still whole because of the placement of the leg Cubism Brought about mainly by Picasso and Barque Two types: o Analytic cubism Conventional materials and genres Breaking up time and space o Synthetic cubism Combining materials (conventional and nonconventional) Picasso Still Life with ChairCaning 1912 Oil and oilcloth on canvas Example of synthetic cubism Includes real rope as a sort of frame and a photograph of chair caning (printed on oilcloth) 04/22/16 Balla Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash 1912 Oil on canvas Marcel Duchamp Fountain 1917/1964 Porcelain urinal & paint Not popular at the time; piece was lost/destroyed Became important/celebrated in 1960’s Combining the idea of the high, cultured, clean spaces with low, animal, dirty spaces Also combining the gendered spaces Signed: “R. Mutt 1917” Was it really Duchamp’s idea? o Baroness Elsa von FreytagLoringhoven’s original idea and work? o After she dies he appropriates her ideas as his own Surrealism Use realism techniques to create dreamlike, nonsensical images Magritte The Treachery of Images 192829 Oil on canvas The inscription beneath the image says “this is not a pipe”
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