CAMS005 Prehistoric Aegean & Hebrews
CAMS005 Prehistoric Aegean & Hebrews CAMS005/HIST005
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Iobst on Wednesday March 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CAMS005/HIST005 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Dr. Munn in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations in Classical Studies at Pennsylvania State University.
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Date Created: 03/04/15
Minoan Crete 20001200BC MiddleLate Bronze Age 0 Evidence from Egypt Men of Keftiu Kaphtor Crete Bearing Gifts depicted men with long hair and elaborate dress holding conical cups 0 Strong agriculture due to springs and fertile soil on Crete Built palaces comparable to Egyptians o Palaces had columns and a large central court for large gatherings o Palaces were economic centers with workshops also had storerooms Crete was known for luxury goods such as perfume metal clothes and carpets o Knossos home of King Minos Minos was quotclose to Zeusquot and learned about social classes and laws from him Minos was son of Zeus who impregnated Europa by turning to a bull and swimming her to Crete Two languages found on tablets o Minoan Linear A Second Palace Period 17001450BC mainly tallies o Minoan Linear B Third Palace Period 14501200BC closer to Greek Thalassocracy quotRule of the Seaquot stole Greeks as slaves Mycenaean Greece on Greek mainland Shaft graves of Mycenae 17001550BC Pylos amp Palace of Nestor destroyed in 12OOBC o No bodies but contents mostly preserved 0 Storage courtyards throne room ritual chambers decorated walls amp oors 0 Linear B Archive found re caused shelves to fall re baked the clay and preserved the tablets Tells of offerings to gods assignments of raw goods sending oarsmen to sea navy Collapse of Bronze Ade Civilization Troian War 12OOBC 0 Evidence from Troy vassal kingdom of Hittites 0 Level Vl 16001250BC stone foundations of royal complex probably destroyed by earthquake 0 Level Vll was rebuilt poorly but destroyed by re in 1180BC and again in 1100BC attack by Greeks o Pylos destroyed around the same time 12OOBC 0 Evidence from Egypt 0 Invasion of quotSea Peoplesquot o Ramses lll 1198 1166BC writes of many kingdoms falling but Egypt survived Cyprus Mycenae and Ugarit have art of similarlooking warriors from around same time o Helmet with 2 horns Hebrews o Hapiru Mesopotamian Syrian and Egyptian name for various ethnic groups from Canaan Amurru etc Term for outsider refers to foreign people in the community 0 Term Hebrew in Bible used when communicating to pharaoh Exodus was the breakdown of the EgyptIsraelite symbiosis Israel Stele of Merneptah 12OSBC rst reference to Israel as a de ned body of people found in Temple of Amon in Thebes