Intro to Women's and Gender Studies, Week 15 Notes
Intro to Women's and Gender Studies, Week 15 Notes WGST 1101 - 001
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Sanacore on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WGST 1101 - 001 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Kelly Anne Finley in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Intro to Women's Studies in Women and Gender studies at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 04/24/16
WGST 1101 – April 20 Lecture Sexual Violence 2012 FBI official definition of rape penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or the anus with any body part or object, or by oral penetration by a sex organ of another person without the consent of the victim State Laws (North Carolina) Sexual Battery if for the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse a person engages in sexual contact with another person o includes sexual contact and touching (even through clothing) Scope of the Suffering seven of eight reported rape victims were women; one in eight are men one in five girls and one in ten boys will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime Profile of the Crime 4 in 10 take place in the victim’s home; 2 in 10 take place in a friend or relative’s home; 1 in 10 take place outside of a home; 1 in 12 take place in a parking garage 30% of female victims reported that the offender was a stranger = 70% KNOW HIM 43% take place b/w 6pm and midnight; 24% take place b/w midnight and 6am college age women are 4 times more likely to be sexually assaulted in 47% of rapes, the victim sustained injuries other than rape injuries = 53% NO OTHER OBVIOUS SIGNS OF ATTACK 58% to 71% of rapes are planned* Profile of a Criminal = Rapist 73% of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger. 38% of rapists are a friend or acquaintance. 28% are in intimate. 7% are a relative 2 of 3 rapists are sober 84% report use of physical force only average age of a convicted rapist is 31 years-old Reporting and Convicting Rape in 1996, only 31% of rapes and sexual assaults were reported to law enforcement officials the FBI report includes only those rapes actually reported to law enforcement – according to the US Department of Justice the most common reasons given by women for not reporting these crimes are the belief that it is a private or personal matter and that they fear reprisal from the assailant under 5% of all reported rapes are false reports Convicting Rape even in the 39% of attacks that are reported to police, there is only a 16.3% chance the rapist will end up in prison factoring in unreported rapes, about 6% of rapists–1 out of 16–will ever spend a day in jail. 15 out of 16 will walk free Myth about Sexual Assault survivors of rape should be able to “get over” it easily o false: there are long lasting effects of sexual assault, including 3 times more likely to suffer from depression 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol 26 times more likely to abuse drugs 4 times more likely to contemplate suicide New Story = Rape is a Crime of Violence 1. BODY AS PROPERTY = a person’s body is their property with all rights therein 2. ACCESS/USE of property = requires articulated consent and/or permission (each time, every time) 3. CRIME OF VIOLENCE = methods used cause suffering, pain, bodily harm, extreme psychological and mental abuse; not about sexual desire How Not To Be A Rapist get consent = that means a verbal “yes” especially if any alcohol/drugs have been consumed stop when told to “stop” watch out for your male and female friends talk to your brothers/sons/friends about what legally constitutes rape and what “consent” is teach “when in doubt…go without” Rape Culture “Green Light Mentality” Entitled to proceed until told to “stop.” Rapist is incapable of controlling their desire to “go.” Victim is responsible to say “no.” Lack of “no” means “yes.” This is rape. Culture of Consent “Red Light Mentality” Start at “Stop.” Person can control their desire. Consent is explicitly asked and explicitly given. You must ask and hear “Go.” No answer = No, red light. Never assume. Never entitled. Relationship Violence previously known as “domestic violence” 1 in 3 American women and 1 in 4 American men will experience relationship violence by an intimate partner 85% of domestic violence survivors are women 43% of dating college women report experiencing abusive behavior from partner women are more likely to be victims of homicide when they separate from their husbands on average, a sufferer of abuse will leave an abusive relationship 7 times before they leave for good Violence Against Men and Women approximately 33% of female homicide victims were known to have been killed by their husbands, former husbands, or boyfriends men, however, were more likely than women to experience violent crimes committed by both acquaintances and strangers Why Do People Become Abusers? over 80% of abusive partners had themselves either been victims of child abuse or had witnessed their mothers being abused grow up in a family and social group the supports their abusive beliefs such as: o anger causes violence o if you don’t control someone, they will control you o smashing things is “venting” o jealousy is natural o somebody has to be in charge not all who were abused become abusers though men make up 95% of convicted abusers, women can be abusers too. They often resort to verbal, psychological, and emotional abuse Profile of Abuser Tactics controlling behavior – a batterer may attribute their controlling behavior to concern for their partner (for example, their partner’s safety or decision making skills). They may assume all control of finances or prevent their partner from coming and going as they wish quick involvement – sometimes battered women know their partner for less than six months prior to getting married, engaged or living together. They may pressure their partner to commit to the relationship. Later, a victim may feel guilty for wanting to slow the pace or end the relationship isolation – a batterer may isolate their victim by severing their ties to outside support and resources. The batterer may accuse others such as the victim’s friends and family of being “trouble-makers.” They may block their partner’s access to use of vehicle, work, or telephone service in the home verbal abuse – a batterer says things that are intended to be cruel and hurtful, curse or degrade their partner or put down their accomplishments, “shut up,” “stupid,” “fat,” “bitch,” etc. dual personality – abusive behavior and moodiness, which can shift quickly to congeniality are typical of people who batter their partners hypersensitivity – an abusive person is easily insulted and doesn’t have a sense of humor about themselves threats of violence – this consists of any threat of physical force meant to control the partner. While most people do not threaten their partners, a batterer may try to excuse their behavior by claiming that “everyone talks like that” breaking or striking objects – the batterer may break household items, punch holes in walls or kick doors to scare the victim use of force during an argument - the batterer may hold down their partner, physically restrain them from leaving, push or shove them, or tell them if they leave they will hurt them Emotional Abuse (where it starts) they tell constant mean jokes, criticize and judge you you feel guilty or insecure, sad often they refuse to communicate when you’re apart, they constantly text/call you blame bad moods on you their jealousy scares you they try to control your spending they are unfaithful or threaten to be they threaten to hurt themselves if you leave Profile of Victims there is no one type of person who suffers from relationship violence. A person experiencing relationship violence does not cause the violence to happen. The violence is a result of the abuser’s behavior, not the survivor’s relationship violence happens to people from all different backgrounds Cycle of Violence Phase 1: Stress/Tension Building Phase abuser will o verbally abuse and pick fights o emotionally abuse o act jealous and possessive o criticize, threaten o drink, use drugs o be moody, unpredictable sufferer will o feel like they are walking on eggshells/going crazy o try to reason/calm/please the abuser o try to “make them happy” o keep silent, try to keep children quiet o feel afraid or anxious, sick, and stressed Phase 2: Crisis/Violence Phase abuser will o verbally abuse o sexual assault o physically abuse o increase control over money o restrain partner o destroy property, phone o emotional assault sufferer will o experience fear, shock o protect self and children o use self-defense o call for help o try to flee and leave o pray for it to stop o do what is necessary to survive Phase 3: Calmer Phase “Honeymoon Phase” abuser will o ask for forgiveness o promise it won’t happen again o stop drinking and/or using drugs o go to counseling o be affectionate o initiate intimacy o minimize (explain it) or deny (I just…) abuse sufferer will o forgive o return home o arrange for counseling o feel hopeful o then secretly feel manipulated o blame self o minimize (explain it) or deny abuse o start to think is this “normal” or “love” Cycle of Violence each stage lasts a different amount of time in the relationship, with the total cycle taking from a few hours to a year or more to complete emotional abuse is present in all three stages it will happen again it will get worse Final Thoughts. You are not alone. Get Help. call 911 Mecklenburg County Victim’s Services of United Family Services make a safety plan cut off all communications…ALL…forever focus on yourself, not your abuser get counseling
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