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Folktales week 9 notes

by: Meghan Rixey

Folktales week 9 notes Ger1502

Marketplace > University of Pittsburgh > Ger1502 > Folktales week 9 notes
Meghan Rixey
GPA 2.75
Indo-European Folktales
Dr. E.Wylie-Ernst

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Lecture and powerpoint notes for week 9! This material is not on exam 2
Indo-European Folktales
Dr. E.Wylie-Ernst
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meghan Rixey on Wednesday March 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Ger1502 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Dr. E.Wylie-Ernst in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 113 views.


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Date Created: 03/04/15
WEEK 6 o 6 Cinderella Tales 0 One of the most welldistributed folktales 0 Over 1000 versions collected 0 Rags to Riches idea has modern appeal 0 Type of Magic Tale 0 History of Cinderella 0 Historic background traditional societies 0 This lower life expectancy was created by blended families Lack of social safety net makes remarriage necessary Competition for resources 0 Monetary o Emotional Common Structural Features in Cinderella o 4 out of 6 tales begin with the father Profession varies but the remarriage is explained Fathers are ineffectual and fail to protect the family After the initial episode the father disappears Emotional Abuse Domestic Tasks Separating the grains Grimm Spinning Rag Girl 0 Physical Abuse Wicked Stepmother 0 Appearance of Helping Figure Rewards sel essness A Public Escape 0 Public venue allows Cinderella to prove herself Church Ball scenes special preparations A mistake leads her to freedom Judged by the t of a shoe or other female object Stepsisters and Punishment 0 Grimm stepsisters will mutilate themselves commit suicide 0 Perrault Cinderella is now socially superior OOOO Coming of Age 0 When children move from social de nition of childhood to adu hood 0 Social markers in Coming of Age process O O O BatBar Mitzvah con rmation baptism in some religions learning to drive ability to vote going to war Larger diverse societies have multiple benchmarks Not every member of the culture experiences a markers Tradition homogenous societies often hold quotonestep ceremonies ordeals for adulthood Folktales are survivas of tradition approaches to coming of age 0 The Modern quotOneStep Coming of Age 0 Japan Coming of Age Day 0 O O Formal dress recognized by the public as adults Amish Rumspringa Amish are allowed one year to leave the Amish community and live with others and decide whether or not they want to return to the community Apache Sunrise Ceremony Isolated period of re ection Southwest US The Quinzeanera After fancy party daughter is able to date members of the community Similar to Sweet 16 party 0 Coming of Age Tale Interpretations O O Psychological Freud sexuality gratification pleasure Diaphasic Model First Oral to phallic stages Latency repressionoedipal complex Second Genital stage coming of age 0 Interpretations Freud and Barton 0 O 0 Female sexuality the Electra Complex Darton s issues with the Freudian perspective Symbols will change over time Darton s Thesis Change Folktales to quotFairy Talesquot Changing the audience 0 Seeing Red Traditional Interpretations O O 0 Color quotredquot 5 associated with passion and sexuality Little Red Riding Hood received from grandmotherquot 19th century British solar mythology interpretation quotLittle Redquot as quotlight chasing darknessquot Cannibalism ancient electra complex splitting of the mother into grandmother quoteat competitionquot andor quoteat of the motherquot sadistic stage o 2 Stories of Little Red Riding Hood 0 0 Both stories girl receives red object Freudian interpretation coming of age symbol She receives red object from the grandmother because the grandmother no longer needs this object Recognizing that little red has achieved a new stage in life Forest reversal of social roles and hierarchies anything can happen in the woods ln Perrault version the wolf runs ahead to grandmothers and eats her RRH arrives gets into bed and is also eaten They are both dead Warning young girls should not fall to the tricks of predatory men Cautionary tale designed to educate usually by negative example In Grimm s version the wolf runs ahead and swallows the grandmother up The wolf gets little red in to bed and swallows her up as well Male savior gure a hunter comes and cuts open the wolf and frees them both They ll wolf up with stones and sew him up so he dies Magic Tale gives us vicarious second chances Other stories differ as well isolated encounter with a predatory wolf as well as a female hunter who saves herself does not rely on anyone else but just outwits her predator Girls Become Women Sleeping Beauty Tales 0 WEEK 7 quotSun Moon and Taliaquot Fantast wish ful llment for malesfemales Male sexuality is privileged Role of social class rights of lord versus king 0 The king essentially rapes the girl but no one objects to it 0 Girls Become Women Sleeping Beauty Briar Rose 0 0 Similar to quotSun Moon and Taliaquot in that there is a young women in waiting lying dead waiting for rescue Egocentrism is re ected in Briar Rose everything stops dead in their place as the girl goes through this part of her life being dead asleep until a prince can rescue her o In some versions the entire kingdom falls asleep and everyone stops all together fall asleep with her until she is ready to move on to the next stage of life 0 Can be seen as a coming of age story for young men as well in a certain way Coming of Age Spinning Tales 0 Re ect a historic division of labor a social environment for female stories Spinning is traditionally a female task 0 Ancient motif Tradition of tripartite goddess Relation to goddesses associated with fate especially in Greece spinning gure are often divine 0 Industrial Revolution mechanized spinning changed the gender association 0 Two Types of Spinning Tales Work is glori ed vs work is not 0 Tale Type Magic Tale Folkloric subgenre less use of magic AntiSpinning quotHabitrotquot quotThree Sp Womenquot quotRumplestiltskinquot mixed genre economic exchange Risks in the female Coming of Age 0 Sometimes a women s desire to grow up is a threat the patriarchal system Coming of Age Boys Become Men 0 Test values character traits Courage Independence Strength When these meet marriage results 0 Boys exiled from existing social structure Starts at the bottom l nds new social structure l often requires a mentor ex cat lamp wild man Tales and Figural Motifs Male 0 Iron Man Figure Beginning of tale we have an orderly kingdom Cast out boy goes elsewhere other kingdoms to seek honest work such as a gardeners assistant 0 Wild Man and the Prince Modern critic Robert Bly quotfor men to know themselves they must know their wild sidequot Interpreting quotIron Hansquot 0 Gold Ball Golden Apple 0 Symbol of quotwhole and perfect psychequot O 0 Lost ball lost identity Golden Apple reward reestablished identity 0 The Wild Man in the story plays a role in establishment of O psyche identity He appears at the onset of a crisis wild and dangerous He disappears as the identity stabilizes Bettelheim The Wild Man is a projection of strong inner drives which the boy must learn to control and project constructively 0 quotHe s Leaving Homequot O O Bettelheim interprets tale as Growth vs Stagnation Establishing a new home need to prove themselves and move on 0 quotJack and the Beanstockquot O 0 Many versions of this tale from a series of stories called quotJack and the Giant Killerquot 18th century England about victory and marriage Later fairytale versions were didactic quotThe ladder of successquot Folkloric Value System Folktales amoral The hero stands outside a traditional moral system and can expect a reward by the end of the tale even if it is at another s expense Bettelheim Orthodox Freudian interpretation 0 Winning the Hand of the Princess 0 O O O O Motif seen in quotIron Hansquot and many others Marriage recognition of adulthood Marriage to a Princess highest form of recognition of adulthood The kings father gures set impossible tasks to make it harder for the boy to win over daughter quotRaising the Pricequot The Flying Ship The Rabbit Herd Swineherd Who Married a Princess The last tasks are a direct confrontation with the father father must accept new son 0 Review Male Coming of Age 0 quotThe Blue Lightquot Popular in East Germany at the end of the story the King loses his throne to a man Represents the abdication of an unjust king replacement by an enterprising and justiceminded hero 0 quotSwineherd who Married a Princessquot Swine threatens family to acknowledge him for winning the contest Some kind of overthrow subversion to the existing King gure Animal Brides and Bridegrooms Childhood gt Con ict gt Marriage 0 Marriage Tales 0 Tales symbolically prepare young people for marriage Psychological teaches acceptance 0 Also Magic Tales Didactic Addresses taboos fears fantasies Taboo discussion of sex what happens after marriage ceremony o Re ect real historic conditions Arranged Marriage 0 Animal Brides o Often a Migratory Legend Ex The Mermaid Wife 0 Two Common Structures 1 Husband gains power over wife by force theft then the wife regains skin and returns to her quotnatural elementquot 0 Ex quotThe Swain Maidensquot 2 Husband forced to marry an animal and the bride proves herself worthy husband removes skin 0 Ex quotThe Frog s Skinquot 0 Animal Bridegrooms 0 Very important 0 Didactic tales less focused on the quotfemale escapequot and reenforce traditional roles 0 Tales from the quotMale Perspectivequot 0 Many quotcoming of agequot tales Hans My Hedgehog The Little Donkey Bearskin The Lindorm The Enchanted Brahmin s Son 0 Typical Plot Structure Male Perspective quotBridegroomsquot o Literal wish made by the parents wish for child ful lled in a literal manner 0 Child has to leave home Child often has 12 distinctive skills to help him in the real world 0 O Jeptha s Daughter Motif father often wants something for himself makes a deal involving his daughter usually helps the male to win her over 0 Removal of skin hide of an animal 0 Child Rejected by Parents 0 Son has to quotcome into his ownquot Subplot relationship with the father 0 Older courtly idea quotHansquot quotLittle Donkeyquot Emphasize o Loyalty 0 Trust 0 Intimacy 0 Partners Man overcomes protective beastly side Woman exercise patience allows transformation 0 Transformation quotBeast to Manquot 0 Two Means 1 Wife s love for him changes she comes to accept him for himself despite the transformation 2 Burning the skin by a male 0 He rejects the beastly part skin is burned on his terms hide is burned in the bedroom intimacy Arranged Marriage Germanic Tradition and quotFemale Voicequot 0 Late Germanic tribal family hierarchy gt patriarchal quotBride Purchasequot Tales 0 O Bearskin quotEast 0 the Sun West 0 the Moonquot quotThe Three Sistersquot Fathers do not know the real identity of the bridegrooms when the tales begin Important Motifs Frog King 0 O O O O 0 Begin with an ideal world princess plays with a golden ball similar to Hans stories Primacy of the female perspective Role of the well role of the golden ball De facto quotmarriage contractquot Frog will not give the golden ball back unless the princess agrees to marry him Oath ceremonies in Germanic tradition x2 marriage divorce Princess father as a social voice enforces the marriage contract Aggressive transformation of the AB Comparison The Frog Prince 0 O O O 0 King is the rst character Motivation of the princess altered Role of quotsocial enforcerquot not played by a king truer to oral tradition Transformation scene better known in the Englishspeaking world The princess marries the frog because her father makes her keep her promise external voice Snake Symbolism 0 Clear orthodox Freudian interpretation 0 Ancient symbol of knowledge and skill Bible Greek Symbol Cadesius Slytherin s survival in Harry Potter Fighting for Lost Love 0 Abandoned tales where the wife must regain husband 0 Cupid and Psyche Beauty and the Beast The Silk Spinster East 0 the Sun West 0 the Moon In all of these wife is responsible for reuniting with the husband Cupid and Psyche o Tale is a myth gods interact with humans Cupid is the son of Venus o The orginial quotanimal groom although cupid is a god not animal Cupid greek for erotic Psyche greek for 39soul Allegorical reconciliation Psyche s Trials 0 O Ordained by Venus 1 Practical Household Work 0 Venus function here is similar to Holle other arbiters of female achievement 2 Test of Bravery Trip to the Underworld Integration of spiritual and corporal realm Bettelheim Interpretation 0 O Orthodox function Female sexual development Symbolism of snake funeral Begins in narcissistic state quotNot Ready for husband Tatar Interpretation 0 Wedding invokes a sense of loss 0 Looking at Husband an act of courage o Tale gives women autonomy in arranged marriages O Tasks to go and get husband are entirely ful lled by women Not truly patriarchal Venus had great power Psyche rebels and captures Cupid o Tale demonstrates Women want intimacy but this is a threat Beauty and the Beast O 0000 0 Father daughter electra relationship Bettelheim Disney version of Cupid and Psyche Civilized vs Savage Roots in stock gures of 18th century theatre Marie Leprince de Beaumont Altered the 1756 version for the uppermiddle class Governess owner of girls school wrote for them Purpose of tales is to teach goodness Beaumont s Predecessors O Strapoloa s quotPig King Husband came to bed dirty killed his wife who complained o Basile s quotpentameronequot o Perrault s quotRicky of the Tuftquot Boy is unnatractive but not an animal Ended like quotTatterhoodquot Modern Beuaty and the Beast 0 Film Jean Cocteau 0 Beauty to the Beast quotI am the monsterquot 0 Beast is more animal like


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