Week 7 Lecture 2 notes
Week 7 Lecture 2 notes SOC-S100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie Franciskovich on Thursday March 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S100 at Indiana University taught by Peter Lista in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 145 views. For similar materials see SOC-S100 in Sociology at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 03/05/15
Lecture 2 Social StratificationInequalities 3515 1202 PM I SOCIAL CLASS A Measuring social class a the total measure of an individual s social and economic i Educa on ii IncomeWealth a Socioeconomic variations between groups of individuals that create variations in their material prosperity and power B Poverty in America 1 Poverty Line a In 2014 the poverty thresholdquot for a family of four was 23850 annual income per year b In 2012 16 of the US population was living under the poverty line including 20 of children c The poverty linequot is a contentious policy issue in the US What effect does changing the threshold have Why might politician not want it changed i Threshold is higherpoverty line incomeyear is higher ii Threshold is lowerpoverty line incomeyear is lower IITHEORIES OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION A 1945 1 Social status and resources are needed to encourage people to enter highutility occupations a Keeps society functional 2 For a better understanding a They argued that stratification is beneficial because i Certain positions in society are functionally more important than others ii Positions must be unequal societies must be stratisfied iii Person s social position is based solely on innate talents and efforts B 1 Control over capital and the means of production differentiate people into classes 2 For a a But clearer understanding Three dimensions of control over economic resources in modern capital production i Control over investments or economic capital ii Control over physical means of production ie land Control over labor power there are Contradictory class locations i Positions in the class structure particularly routine whitecollar and lower managerial jobs that share characteristics with the class above and below them 3515 1202 PM 3515 1202 PM
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